Wagyu (和牛 Wagyū, "Japanese cow") is any of four Japanese breeds of beef cattle, the most desired of which is genetically predisposed to intense marbling and to producing a high percentage of oleaginous unsaturated fat. The meat from such wagyu cattle is known for its quality, and commands a high price.
There are four breeds of wagyu: Japanese Black (黒毛和種 Kuroge Washu), Japanese Brown (赤毛和種 Akage Washu or Akaushi), Japanese Polled (無角和種 Mukaku Washu), and Japanese Shorthorn (日本短角和種 Nihon Tankaku Washu). Wagyu cattle's genetic predisposition yields a beef that contains a higher percentage of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids than typical beef. The increased marbling also increases the ratio of monounsaturated fats to saturated fats.
Japanese Black makes up 90% of all fattened cattle in Japan. Strains of Japanese Black include Tottori, Tajima, Shimane and Okayama. Japanese Brown, also known as Japanese Red, is the other main breed; strains include Kochi and Kumamoto. Japanese Shorthorn makes up less than one percent of all cattle in Japan.
The Australian Wagyu Association is the largest breed association outside Japan. Both fullblood and Wagyu-cross cattle are farmed in Australia for domestic and overseas markets, including Taiwan, China, Hong Kong, Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, the U.K., France, Germany, Denmark and the U.S. Australian Wagyu cattle are grain fed for the last 300–500 days of production. Wagyu bred in Western Australia's Margaret River region often have red wine added to their feed as well.
In the United States, Japanese Wagyu cattle are bred with Angus cattle. This crossbreed has been named American Style Kobe Beef. Wagyu were first competitively exhibited at the National Western Stock Show in 2012. Some U.S. Wagyu breeders have full blooded animals directly descended from original Japanese bloodlines, and are registered through the American Wagyu Association.
Wagyu cattle farming in Canada appeared after 1991 when the Canadian Wagyu Association was formed. Wagyu style cattle and farms in Canada are found only in Alberta, Ontario and Prince Edward Island. Canadian Wagyu beef products are exported to the U.S., Australia, New Zealand, Hawaii and Europe.
The Wagyu Breeders Association Ltd was established in July 2014.
- Porter, Valerie; Mason, Ian Lauder (2002). Mason's world dictionary of livestock breeds, types, and varieties. CABI. p. 66. ISBN 0-85199-430-X.
- "What Is Wagyu?". Japan Meat Information Service Center.
- Condon, John (March 2005). "Good Fats Boost Wagyu Opportunities". Australian Wagyu Update. Archived from the original on 29 August 2007. Retrieved 2006-12-07.
- "Wagyu Japanese Beef" (PDF).
- "Wagyu - What are they? Where did they come from?".
- "Japanese Shorthorn Cattle".
- Daniel Krieger (26 August 2010). "All for the love of Tajima cows". The Japan Times. Accessed January 2017.
- Professor Kiyoshi Namikawa, Dept. of Animal Sciences, Kyoto University; Kyoto, Japan (1985). "Breeding History of Japanese Beef Cattle..." Archived from the original on 2012-04-15.
- "Australian Wagyu Forum". Archived from the original on 10 April 2013.
- Exports; Australian Wagyu Association; accessed .
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 January 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
- U.S. ranches breed famous Kobe-style beef; 12 August 2011 article in The Japan Times" (from the Associated Press); p. 3; accessed .
- Raabe, Steve (11 January 2012). "Tender Wagyu muscles onto meat scene, makes stock-show exhibition debut". The Denver Post.
- Membership | Calf Registration | DNA Tests
- Kobe beef on P.E.I.? Veterinarian raising wagyu cattle; The Chronicle Herald online; accessed .
- Kuntz First to Breed Wagyu in Ontario; The Post South Bruce; accessed .
- About Us; Canadian Wagyu online; accessed.
- "World's dearest beef to be sold in Yorkshire". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 October 2017.
- "Try a little tenderness: on the farm with Scotland's Wagyu cattle". The Herald. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
- "Scottish farm to make Japanese Wagyu beef". The Scotsman. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
- "Highland Wagyu beef firm in expansion drive". BBC News. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
- "Perthshire - the Wagyu centre of Europe". The Scottish Farmer. Archived from the original on 10 August 2014. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
- "spreading the wagyu message". scottish farmer. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
- "The Association". British Wagyu. Retrieved 11 October 2017.
- Hongo, Jun (6 July 2010). "Despite 'wagyu's' history, foot-and-mouth hit hard". FYI (weekly column). The Japan Times.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wagyū.|