Wahroonga, New South Wales

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Wahroonga
SydneyNew South Wales
(1)Marian Clarke Building Abbotsleigh School.jpg
Marian Clarke Building, Abbotsleigh School
Population 16,726 (2011)[1]
 • Density 2,040/km2 (5,280/sq mi)
Established 1822
Postcode(s) 2076
Area 8.2 km2 (3.2 sq mi)
Location 22 km (14 mi) north-west of Sydney CBD
LGA(s) Ku-ring-gai Council
Hornsby Shire
State electorate(s) Ku-ring-gai
Federal Division(s) Bradfield
Suburbs around Wahroonga:
Hornsby
Waitara
North Wahroonga North Turramurra
Normanhurst
Thornleigh
Wahroonga Turramurra
Pennant Hills Warrawee South Turramurra
Ku-ring-gai area
Grave of Gertrude Mary Appleton, last member of the Brown family, who played a large part in developing Wahroonga

Wahroonga is a suburb on the Upper North Shore of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia 22 kilometres north-west of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of Ku-ring-gai Council and Hornsby Shire.

History[edit]

Wahroonga is an Aboriginal word meaning our home. In the early days of British settlement in New South Wales, the main activity was cutting down the tall trees which grew there. Wahroonga was first settled in 1822 by Thomas Hyndes, a convict who became a wealthy landowner.

Hyndes's land was later acquired by John Brown, a merchant and timber-getter. After Brown had cleared the land of timber, he planted orchards. Later, Ada, Lucinda and Roland Avenues were named after three of his children.[2] His name has survived in Browns Road, Browns Field and Browns Waterhole on the Lane Cove River. The last member of the Brown family was Gertrude Mary Appleton, who died in 2008 at the age of ninety-three. She is buried in the cemetery of St John the Baptist Church, Gordon.

After the North Shore railway line was opened in 1890 it became a popular place for wealthy businessmen to build out-of-town residences with large gardens. Wahroonga Post Office opened on 15 October 1896.[3] Much of this development occurred in the 1920s and 1930s.[4]

Commercial area[edit]

Wahroonga has several small shopping villages, such as Wahroonga shopping village with several small restaurants, Hampden Avenue shopping centre in East Wahroonga and Fox Valley Shopping Centre in South Wahroonga on Fox Valley Road. The Sydney Adventist Hospital is in Wahroonga, as is Globalstar's Australian office, and the offices of the South Pacific Division of Seventh-day Adventists.

Transport[edit]

Wahroonga railway station is on the North Shore, Northern & Western Line of the Sydney Trains network. Wahroonga is the Sydney end of the F3 Freeway to Newcastle.

Streets[edit]

Wahroonga is known for its tree-lined, shady streets. Notable streets include Burns Road, Water Street and Billyard Avenue.[5][6]

Houses[edit]

The Rose Seidler House, in Clissold Road, built by Harry Seidler between 1948 and 1950, was one of the first examples of modern residential architecture in Australia.

Highlands, in Highlands Avenue, is a timber house designed by John Horbury Hunt and built in 1891 for Alfred Hordern. Hunt was a Canadian architect who used the Arts and Crafts style and the Shingle Style popular in North America. Highlands is now on the Register of the National Estate.[7]

Architect William Hardy Wilson designed and built his own home, Purulia, on Fox Valley Road. Built in 1913, the home is in the Colonial Revival style and became, according to some observers, a prototype for North Shore homes. It is listed on the Register of the National Estate.[8]

Berith Park, in Billyard Avenue, was designed by F. Ernest Stowe for Alfred Smith, who bought the land in 1897. The house was finished circa 1909.[9]

Westholme, in Water Street, was designed by Howard Joseland in the Arts and Crafts style for John Bennett, one of the pioneer developers of Wahroonga. Bennett came from England but migrated to Australia with his wife and acquired property at Wahroonga in 1893. Westholme was built in 1894. Another house was added at the other end of the block, but this was demolished in 1991 after changing hands several times.[10]

The Gatehouse, in Water Street, was originally part of the John Williams Hospital. It is heritage-listed.[11]

Craignairn, at the corner of Burns Road and Cleveland Street, was also designed in the Arts and Crafts style by Howard Joseland. The client was Walter Strang.

Joseland also built his own home Malvern two doors away from the Strang home in Burns Road. An example of the Federation Bungalow style, it has been described as "unpretentious and solidly comfortable."[12] Between Craignairn and Malvern in Burns Road, Joseland also built Coolabah, another fine Federation Bungalow example.[13]

The Briars, in Woonona Avenue, is built on land that was granted to John Hughes in 1842, and later divided into four estates. Jessie Edith Balcombe built The Briars on one of these estates in 1895. It is heritage-listed.[14]

Churches[edit]

Wahroonga contains a number of churches including Holy Name Catholic Church, St John's Uniting Church, St Andrew's Anglican Church, St Pauls Anglican Church, Wahroonga Presbyterian Church and the Wahroonga Seventh Day Adventist Church.

Parks[edit]

Wahroonga Park is located north of the railway station, and features a significant number of well established introduced trees, and a children's playground. The Glade, located near Abbotsleigh, has two tennis courts, a half basketball court and a large circular oval where Football and Cricket can be played. There is also small Blue Gum High Forest, next to the tennis courts.

Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park is located north of Wahroonga. It is the second oldest national park in Australia and is very popular, offering many walking tracks, picnic spots and Aboriginal sites with rock carvings. The park has a large proportion of the known Aboriginal sites in the Sydney area.

Schools[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Population[edit]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 Census, the most common languages spoken at home in Wahroonga were English (77.9%), Cantonese (3.2%), Mandarin (3.1%), Korean (1.6%) and Hindi (0.9%). The most common responses for religion in Wahroonga were Anglican 24.6%, Catholic 23.1%, No Religion 20.0%, Uniting Church 6.3% and Presbyterian and Reformed 3.3%.[1]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Wahroonga (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 November 2012. 
  2. ^ Ku Ring Gai Historical Society
  3. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Retrieved 1 June 2012. 
  4. ^ Book of Sydney Suburbs, Frances Pollon (Angus and Robertson) 1990, page 260
  5. ^ "Bloom baby boom". Fairfax. Retrieved 3 Dec 2013. 
  6. ^ "Sydney's best streets". Fairfax. Retrieved 3 Dec 2013. 
  7. ^ The Heritage of Australia, Macmillan Company, 1981, p.2/26
  8. ^ The Heritage of Australia, p.2/33
  9. ^ Wahroonga:Retrieved 6 May 2008
  10. ^ Wahroonga:Retrieved 6 May 2008
  11. ^ State Heritage Register
  12. ^ A Pictorial Guide to Identifying Australian Architecture, Apperly (Angus and Robertson) 1994, p.147
  13. ^ Heritage Federation Houses: Wahroonga: Retrieved 17 March 2015
  14. ^ State Heritage Register
  15. ^ Abbotsleigh Website
  16. ^ Adventist School Website
  17. ^ Wahroonga Public School Website
  18. ^ St Edmund's Website
  19. ^ St Lucy's Website
  20. ^ Springwood Historians Retrieved 31 July 2012
  21. ^ "Stuart Gerald Inder obituary". Sydney Morning Herald. 2015-02-05. Retrieved 2015-03-01. 
  22. ^ Howard Joseland, architect
  23. ^ Dumas, Daisy (19 November 2012). "Being dumb is almost cool with surprise advertising hit". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 19 November 2012. 
  24. ^ "Portrait of Harry Wolstenholme". National Library of Australia. Retrieved 29 December 2011. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°43′06″S 151°07′07″E / 33.7183°S 151.1187°E / -33.7183; 151.1187