Waimea Valley

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Waimea Valley Entrance

Waimea Valley is an area of historic cultural significance on the North Shore of Oahu, Hawaii. The valley, being an important place in Hawaiian religion, includes several historical structures including stone terraces and walls constructed during the time of the Hawaiian monarchy. The nutrient-rich volcanic soil combined with a rainy environment provided the resourceful Hawaiians of the area the opportunity to create one of the most prosperous farming communities in all of Polynesia. The area had complex fish ponds, domesticated animal pens, various large farming beds, and was famous for the cultivation of pink taro root stock, a coveted item to the Ali`i (the Hawaiian elite).[1][2] Much of the garden floor was once cultivated for taro, sweet potato, and bananas, with new crops and orchards introduced by Europeans after their arrival.

Sacred Hawaiian Mythology[edit]

Waimea Valley was considered one of the more recognized locations for its spiritual significance. Ancient Hawaiians were thought to partake in various indigenous religious activities, like human sacrifice. O’ahu’s largest heiau, or temple, resides there, overlooking the valley.[3]

Ancient Ownership of Waimea Valley[edit]

In 1092 Waimea Valley was given to the high priests or the Kahuna Nui. It eventually became the home of one of the most distinguished priesthoods in the islands, the Pa'ao. Kamehameha the Great's exclusive Kahuna, Hewa Hewa Nui, was a descendant of the Pa'ao. The Kahuna Nui were essential to Hawaiian society because they were the experts in various fields like farming, healing, spiritual guidance, fishing, and teaching both the Ali’i and the common people. Over the course of time, Waimea became known as “the valley of the priests”.

After O`ahu was conquered by Kamehameha, he then gave ownership of Waimea Valley to Hewa Hewa Nui, to maintain the sacred importance of the area.[1]

Western Contact[edit]

The first Europeans to touch the island of O’ahu were the crews of the Resolution and the Discovery shortly after the death of Captain Cook in 1779.[1]

Historical nature park[edit]

Formerly known as the Waimea Valley Audubon Center and the Waimea Arboretum and Botanical Garden, the Waimea Valley is a historical nature park including botanical gardens. It is located at 59-864 Kamehameha Highway, Haleiwa, Oahu, Hawaii and is open daily except for Christmas and New Year's Day; an admission fee is charged.

The garden was managed until 2003 by the City and County of Honolulu, when management was assumed by the National Audubon Society. In 2008, management was handed over to Hi'ipaka LLC, a non-profit company created by the Office of Hawaiian Affairs.

The garden now contains 35 distinct collections, representing some 5,000 taxa from around the world.[4] It contains one of the finest collections of Polynesian plants in existence, as well as excellent collections of very rare Hawaiian plants, rare and endangered species native to Lord Howe Island, and individual gardens dedicated to plants from Guam, Madagascar, the Mascarene Islands, the Ogasawara Islands, and the Seychelles.

Other major collections include the hibiscus evolutionary garden, araceae, bauhinia, bromeliaceae, heliconia, liliaceae, as well as bamboo, begonia, ferns, tropical fruit, etc.

The garden valley is approximate 0.75 miles (1.21 km) in length, with a small waterfall and swimming hole at the valley's high end.

Images[edit]

Activities[edit]

The Falls have been used for cliff diving featuring hourly exhibition. Swimming is allowed when divers are not performing. Additionally, Hula performances were done several times daily.[5][6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Olsen, Brad (2008). Sacred places, North America : 108 destinations (2nd ed.). San Francisco, CA: Consortium of Collective Consciousness. ISBN 9781888729337. OCLC 228099372. 
  2. ^ "Traditional History & Culture". Mālama Pūpūkea-Waimea. 2015-08-18. Retrieved 2018-04-11. 
  3. ^ "History of Waimea Valley". Waimea Valley. Retrieved 2018-04-11. 
  4. ^ Hill, Tiffany; Jessica Hamamoto (April 21, 2008). "Waimea Valley reopens". Ka Leo O Hawaii. University of Hawaii Board of Publications. Archived from the original on 2011-08-05. Retrieved 2008-07-23. 
  5. ^ Birnbaum, Stephen (1982). Hawaii 1983. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin. p. 170. ISBN 9780395328729. OCLC 9148833. 
  6. ^ David Low, ed. (1988). Fodor's 1989 Hawaii. New York: Fodor's Travel Publications. p. 128. ISBN 9780679016564. OCLC 18573228. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 21°38′02″N 158°03′06″W / 21.63389°N 158.05167°W / 21.63389; -158.05167