Wainhouse Tower is a folly in the parish of King Cross, on the south west side of Halifax, Calderdale, West Yorkshire, in England. At 275 feet (84 m), it is the tallest structure in Calderdale and the tallest folly in the world, and was erected in the four years between 1871 and 1875. The main shaft is octagonal in shape and it has a square base and 369 steps leading to the first of two viewing platforms which is open to the public, and a total of 405 to the top viewing platform which is usually closed to the public. The tower is open to the public during bank holidays, and is a Grade II* listed building.
One driving force behind the erection of the viewing platforms was a long-standing feud between landowning neighbours John Edward Wainhouse (1817–1883) and Sir Henry Edwards (1812–1886). Edwards had boasted that he had the most private estate in Halifax, into which no one could see. As the estate was on land adjacent to the chimney's site, following the opening of the viewing platforms, Edwards could never claim privacy again.
The tower was designed by architect Isaac Booth as a chimney to serve the dye works owned by Wainhouse. The height of the chimney was to satisfy the Smoke Abatement Act of 1870 which required a tall chimney to carry smoke out of the valleys in which the factories were built. A much simpler chimney would have satisfied the requirements but Wainhouse insisted that it should be an object of beauty.
In 1874, John Wainhouse sold the mill to his works manager, who refused to pay the cost of the chimney's construction so Wainhouse kept the tower for himself and used it as an observatory. Booth left after a dispute and was replaced by another local architect, Richard Swarbrick Dugale, who is responsible for the elaborate galleries and the corona dome at the top. The tower was completed on 9 September 1875, at a cost of £14,000.
In 2006, Wainhouse Tower was closed because of safety problems. Work to repair it began in July 2008 and took about five months. During the restoration, the top section of the tower was partly dismantled and rebuilt, decorative sections and part of the main shaft were repointed, missing stone finials replaced, the drainage system improved, corroded ironwork replaced and cracks at the base of the tower fixed. The tower reopened to the general public on 4 May 2009. Restoration cost £400,000.
In 2011, the Huffington Post included the tower in its list of the "Top 10 Pieces of Folly Architecture," and The Telegraph included the tower on their top 15 list of "Britain's Best Architectural Follies".
- "Wainhouse's Tower". Retrieved 24 March 2011.
- "Wainhouse Tower, Halifax - Icons of England". Archived from the original on 29 October 2007. Retrieved 24 March 2011.
- Historic England. "Wainhouse Tower (Grade II*) (1133900)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- "Glimpse Of The Past". Calderdale Council. Archived from the original on 16 July 2007. Retrieved 29 June 2009.
- "Wainhouse Tower Rescue Work". Halifax Courier. Retrieved 29 June 2009.
- "The Top 10 Pieces Of Folly Architecture". Huffington Post. 10 January 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
- "Britain's best architectural follies". The Telegraph. Retrieved 28 July 2016.
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