|• Total||2.8 sq mi (7.2 km2)|
|• Land||2.8 sq mi (7.2 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||62 ft (19 m)|
|• Density||14,000/sq mi (5,300/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−10 (Hawaii-Aleutian)|
|GNIS feature ID||0364878|
Waipahu is a former sugarcane plantation town and now census-designated place (CDP) located in the ʻEwa District on the island of Oʻahu in the City & County of Honolulu, Hawaiʻi, United States. As of the 2010 Census, the CDP population was 38,216. The U.S. postal code for Waipahu is 96797.
Waipahu is the name of an artesian spring. In Hawaiian, Waipahu is derived from wai, meaning water, and pahū, meaning "burst or explode"; combined, Waipahu means "water forced up (as out of a spring)". The early Native Hawaiians took pleasure in the cool and clear water gushing from the ground and named this spring Waipahu. Before the Western civilization set foot in Hawaii, the Hawaiians considered Waipahu to be the capital of Oahu. Royalty in the Kingdom of Hawaii would often gather and enjoy the fresh water from the spring Waipahu.
In 1897, Oahu Sugar Company was incorporated, and its board of directors located the sugar mill in Waipahu. It had 943 field workers. There were 44 Hawaiians, including 10 minors; 57 Portuguese; 443 Japanese, 408 of them contract laborers; and 399 Chinese, 374 of whom were contract laborers. The company's managers from 1897 to 1940 were August Ahrens (1897–1904), E.K. Bull (1904–1919), J.B. Thomson (1919–1923), E.W. Greene (1923–1937), and Hans L'Orange (1937–1956).
In the early days of the plantation, each worker was assigned a number inscribed on a metal disc about the size of a silver dollar. The numbers 1 through 899 identified Japanese alien; 900 through 1400 were Japanese who were American citizens or Hawaii-born. The 2000 and 2100 series were Portuguese laborers, 2200 Spanish, 2300 Hawaiian, 2400 Puerto Rican, 3000 Chinese or Korean, 4000 and 5000 Filipino aliens, and Filipino Americans. The company imported laborers from many different countries including the Philippines, Japan, China, Portugal, and Norway. Very few laborers working for the Oahu Sugar Co. were Hawaiian. The majority of the company's first laborers were either Japanese or Chinese. Each ethnic group was broken up into different camps. This division was said[by whom?] to have been the result of different cultures and language barriers.
Plantation workers lived by what was called[by whom?] The Plantation System. Field workers received an average monthly salary of $12.50. However, Filipino immigrants were paid less than all of the other laborers because they were the cheapest to import. The Filipinos, on average, made less than $10.00 a month. The Chinese generally were paid the most with a monthly average of $15.00.
In 1932 the Oahu Sugar Co. opened a continuation school, and allowed a half-day off from work once a week for workers to attend. Those who weren't available during the day could also attend evening courses. This was to give them a chance to better their knowledge for a better job.
In 1923, the Oahu Sugar Company field also served as the community center which featured band concerts, sporting events, and carnivals. Later, the athletic field was renamed Hans L'Orange Field. Today, the park is primarily used for baseball, and is the home field of Hawaii Pacific University's men's baseball team, the Sea Warriors. It was the home field of the Hawaii Winter Baseball teams the North Shore Honu and West Oahu CaneFires until 2008.
In 1973, the City and County of Honolulu and the State of Hawai'i purchased 40 acres (160,000 m2) opposite the Waipahu sugar mill to establish the Waipahu Cultural and Garden Park. The park is known today as the Hawai'i Plantation Village. Hawai'i Plantation Village is a living history museum located in Waipahu.
In 1997, the Governor of Hawaii, Benjamin J. Cayetano, proclaimed the months of June 1997 through November 1997 to be Waipahu Centennial Celebration Months. Many activities and events were held to celebrate the Waipahu Centennial.
Waipahu is the home to the 2008 Little League World Series champions from Waipi'o Little League. They defeated Matamoros, Mexico 12–3 in the final game on August 24, 2008. On August 28, 2010, that same team won the U.S. championship of the Little League World Series, defeating the team from Pearland, Texas, but lost to Edogawa Minami LL of Tokyo on August 29, 2010, in the international championship.
Waipahu is located along the northern shore of both Middle Loch and West Loch of Pearl Harbor. Both Interstate H-1 and Farrington Highway (Hawaii Route 90) run east–west through the length of Waipahu. The neighboring areas of Waipio, Village Park, Royal Kunia and Waikele use Waipahu as their postal city, and are often considered to be part of Waipahu.
Waikele is located across the H1 freeway north of Waipahu. Waikele consists of newer subdivisions and an upscale outlet shopping center and world-famous golf course. To the west via either roadway can be reached Makakilo and Kapolei, with the Leeward coast beyond. To the east lie Pearl City and the H-2 interchange to Waipiʻo. At the western end of Waipahu is Kunia Road (State Rte. 750) which leads to the Waipahu newer growth areas of Royal Kunia and Village Park north of H-1, and eventually on up across the central plain to Kunia and Schofield Barracks, Wheeler Army Airfield, and Wahiawā. Kunia Road becomes Fort Weaver Road (State Rte. 76) south of Farrington Highway, and goes south through Honouliuli and ʻEwa Villages to ʻEwa Beach.
As of the census of 2000, there were 33,108 people, 7,566 households, and 6,431 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 12,882.8 people per square mile (4,974.0/km²). There were 8,033 housing units at an average density of 3,125.7 per square mile (1,206.8/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 4.73% White, 0.93% African American, 0.14% Native American, 67.1% Asian (55.5% Filipino), 12.31% Pacific Islander, 0.86% from other races, and 15.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.09% of the population.
There were 7,566 households out of which 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.8% were married couples living together, 18.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.0% were non-families. 11.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.23 and the average family size was 4.37.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.3 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $49,444, and the median income for a family was $51,855. Males had a median income of $28,295 versus $23,818 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $14,484. About 10.6% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.0% of those under age 18 and 13.9% of those age 65 or over.
The total number of Civilian Veterans in Waipahu is 2,376, or 9.8 percent of the total population (National average is 12.70%).
In 2000, there were 8,230 people in Waipahu listed as disabled.
At the time of the last survey, 14,458 people in Waipahu had a high school diploma, approximately 68.6% of the population (compared to the national average of 80.40%).
2,349 people in Waipahu also had a bachelor's degree or higher, which equates to approximately 11.1% of the total population (National average was 24.40%).
Government and infrastructure
The Hawaii Department of Education operates public schools.
Waipahu contains two (high) school districts, with some students attending Waipahu High School while others attend Pearl City High School. Elementary schools in the CDP include August Ahrens, Honowai, Waikele, Kale'iopu'u, and Waipahu. Waipahu Intermediate School and Waipahu High School are in the CDP.
Hawaii's Plantation Village
The Hawaii Plantation Village currently serves as an outdoor museum that showcases the lifestyles and experiences of Hawaii's plantation workers.
The museum opened its doors on September 20, 1992, displaying original structures and replica homes of the multiethnic groups who came to Hawaii between the mid-1800s and the 1940s to work as plantation laborers.
Guided tours are conducted at the start of each hour, Monday through Saturday from 10:00 a.m. - 2:00 pm.
- Danny Barcelona, drummer in Louis Armstrong's All-Star Band, born in Waipahu.
- Kirk Caldwell, American politician, Mayor of Honolulu, born in Waipahu
- Timmy Chang, American professional football player for the Arizona Cardinals, Detroit Lions, and Philadelphia Eagles, current NCAA coach, born in Waipahu.
- Edward Snowden, computer professional, former CIA employee and NSA contractor famous for leaking classified information regarding surveillance programs run by U.S. intelligence agencies.
- Brian Viloria, American professional boxer, former WBA and WBO unified flyweight champion, former WBC and IBF light flyweight champion.
- Jerome Williams, American professional baseball pitcher for the Philadelphia Phillies, 1999 graduate of Waipahu High School.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Waipahu CDP, Hawaii". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved May 31, 2012.
- Michael T. Yamamoto, Nina Yuriko (Ota) Sylva, Karen N. Yamamoto, Waipahu...Recollections from a Sugar Plantation Community in Hawaii, 2005. Albuquerque: Innoventions
- Sterling, Elspeth P.; Summers, Catherine C. (1993). Sites of Oahu. Honolulu, HI: Bishop Museum Press. p. 25. ISBN 0-910240-73-6.
- Waipahu Centennial 1879–1997, 1997. Waipahu Centennial Committee
- Dorrance, William, Sugar Islands: The 165-Year Story of Sugar in Hawai'i, 2001, Honolulu, Mutual Publishing
- , Hawaii Sugar Planters' Association Archives, retrieved on October 30, 2011
- , "One Sweet Century", retrieved on October 30, 2011
- , Labor Migration in Hawaii, retrieved on October 30, 2011
- , "Firm-Specific Evidence on Racial Wage Differentials and Workforce Segregation in Hawaii's Sugar Industry", retrieved on October 30, 2011
- "The History Behind Waipahu," Hawaii Realty International website, http://www.hawaiis.com/real-estate-news/history-behind-waipahu/, 10 December 2011, retrieved on 27 October 2014
- "AMFAC, Inc. - Lehman Brothers Collection". Retrieved 2018-04-22.
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- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Waipahu, Hawaii Census Data & Community Profile, American Towns.com website, http://www.americantowns.com/hi/waipahu/info, September 17, 2014, retrieved on November 1, 2014
- Waipahu, Hawaii Census Data & Community Profile, American Towns.com website, http://www.americantowns.com/hi/waipahu/info, September 17, 2014, retrieved November 1, 2014
- Waipahu, Hawaii Census & Data Community Profile, American Towns.com website, http://www.americantowns.com/hi/waipahu/info, September 17, 2014, retrieved November 1, 2014
- Waipahu, Hawaii Census & Data Community Profile, American Towns.com website, http://www.americantowns.com/hi/waipahu/info, September 17, 2014, retrieved, November 1, 2014
- "Post Office Location - WAIPAHU." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 19, 2010.
- "Waiawa Correctional Facility." Hawaii Department of Public Safety. Retrieved on May 21, 2010.
- "Waipahu CDP, Hawaii." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 21, 2009.
- , Hawaii's Plantation Village info site, retrieved on October 30, 2011
- Roig, Suzanne. "Hawaii neighbors knew little of Snowden" USA Today, June 10, 2013