Waipara

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Waipara
Settlement
Glenmark Train Station
Glenmark Train Station
Coordinates: 43°04′S 172°45′E / 43.067°S 172.750°E / -43.067; 172.750Coordinates: 43°04′S 172°45′E / 43.067°S 172.750°E / -43.067; 172.750
CountryNew Zealand
RegionCanterbury
Territorial authorityHurunui District
WardEast Ward
Area
 • Total0.59 km2 (0.23 sq mi)
Population
 (2018 census)[2]
 • Total312
 • Density530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+12 (New Zealand Standard Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+13 (New Zealand Daylight Time)
Waipara, surrounded by vineyards

Waipara is a small town in north Canterbury, New Zealand, on the banks of the Waipara River. Its name translates to "Muddy Water", wai meaning water and para meaning mud.

It is at the junction of state highways 1 and 7, 60 kilometres north of Christchurch. Hanmer Springs is 76 kilometres (55 minutes drive) north of Waipara. It is also situated on the Main North Line railway.

Waipara lies at one of the points of the Alpine Pacific Triangle,[3] which also includes the major tourist centers of Hanmer Springs and Kaikoura.

The Weka Pass Railway has its base in Waipara, and runs on 12 kilometres of track between there and Waikari over the former route of the Waiau Branch, a branch line railway that diverged from the Main North Line and ran to Waiau.[4] The Glenmark station is based in Waipara.

The Glenmark church has closed down. It was damaged during the 2010 Christchurch earthquakes.[5] The Waipara Hotel burnt down in 2014. It was not insured at the time and has not been replaced.[6]

The Waipara region has a reputation as a premium area for the production of Pinot noir, Riesling and Chardonnay. Waipara is sheltered by the Teviot hills from the prevailing cool easterly winds and has the highest summer temperatures and the lowest rainfall of any of the New Zealand wine regions. Because of this, Waipara has over 26 wineries and 80 vineyards within the valley, which collectively produce around 100,000 cases of award-winning wine in an average year.[7] Many of the vineyards offer tastings at their cellar doors and some also have restaurants attached.[8]

There are a number of day walks close in Waipara including Tiromoana Bush Walkway[9][10] and the Mt Cass Walkway[11] which is closed during lambing season. Waipara would have been once been covered in totara, lacebark, kowhai, lancewood and broadleaf forest.[12] It is now predominantly vineyards. There have been a number of ongoing projects to increase the biodiversity of the area. Work is ongoing to plant native species in Waipara's shelter belts, stream boundaries, pond edges and vineyard borders. These have provided benefits in pollination, pest control and weed suppression. It has worked so well that the plantings have resulted in a drop in the use of pesticides in the vineyards.[13] The Waipara Environmental Trapping Association (WETA) is aiming to trap rats and other introduced species with the aim of making Waipara a predator-free paradise for native birds.[14]

Fossils[edit]

Waipara is also known for some of the fossils discovered there including the Waipara penguin[15] which is the second oldest penguin fossil to be found, a 62 million year old seabird Protodontopteryx ruthae[16][17] and the Waipara turtle which is estimated to grow to 3 meters long and weigh around 600 kg,[18] The first example of the extinct Haast's Eagle was found on Glenmark Station near Waipara in 1871.[19]

Demographics[edit]

Waipara is defined by Statistics New Zealand as a rural settlement and covers 0.59 km2 (0.23 sq mi).[1] It is part of the wider Omihi statistical area.[20]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
2006258—    
2013267+0.49%
2018312+3.16%
Source: [2]

Waipara had a population of 312 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 45 people (16.9%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 54 people (20.9%) since the 2006 census. There were 117 households. There were 165 males and 150 females, giving a sex ratio of 1.1 males per female, with 66 people (21.2%) aged under 15 years, 42 (13.5%) aged 15 to 29, 153 (49.0%) aged 30 to 64, and 57 (18.3%) aged 65 or older.

Ethnicities were 94.2% European/Pākehā, 7.7% Māori, and 2.9% other ethnicities (totals add to more than 100% since people could identify with multiple ethnicities).

Although some people objected to giving their religion, 69.2% had no religion and 20.2% were Christian.

Of those at least 15 years old, 15 (6.1%) people had a bachelor or higher degree, and 72 (29.3%) people had no formal qualifications. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 141 (57.3%) people were employed full-time, 39 (15.9%) were part-time, and 6 (2.4%) were unemployed.[2]

Education[edit]

Waipara School, established 1917.

Waipara School is a co-educational state primary school for Year 1 to 8 students,[21] with a roll of 55 as of November 2021.[22] Waipara School was established in 1917.

Sports[edit]

Waipara and Omihi are the catchment area to the Glenmark Rugby Club. The Glenmark rugby club rooms burnt down in 2015. There have been ten All Blacks who have played for Glenmark over the years including Todd Blackadder, Robbie Deans, Bruce Deans, Craig Green, and Andy Earl.[23] Glenmark has had success in the North Canterbury Rugby Competition winning the title in 2016 by beating the Ashley Rugby Club.[24]

The Waipara Classic cycle race starts and finishes in Waipara. It has varied in length between 61 km and 90 km over the years.[25]

Notable residents[edit]

George Henry Moore was the owner of Glenmark Station just to the north of Waipara. At one stage there were 90,000 sheep and it was the most valuable farm in New Zealand.[26]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "ArcGIS Web Application". statsnz.maps.arcgis.com. Retrieved 27 August 2021.
  2. ^ a b c "Statistical area 1 dataset for 2018 Census". Statistics New Zealand. March 2020. 7023871 and 7023872.
  3. ^ "Christchurch to Kaikoura to Hanmer Springs". Newzealand.com. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
  4. ^ "Waipara, New Zealand". Weka Pass Railway Inc. Retrieved 25 October 2011.
  5. ^ "Waipara is fading, long-time locals say". Stuff. 22 May 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  6. ^ "Waipara Hotel fire a 'random accident'". Stuff. 17 June 2014. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  7. ^ Silverstripe. "Waipara · Hurunui District Council". Hurunui.govt.nz. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
  8. ^ "Things to see and do in Waipara, New Zealand". www.newzealand.com. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  9. ^ "A wild and woolly time on the Tiromoana Bush Walkway". Stuff. 15 November 2015. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  10. ^ "Tiromoana Bush Walk". The Pools | Hanmer Springs Thermal Pools and Spa. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  11. ^ "Mt Cass Walkway". The Pools | Hanmer Springs Thermal Pools and Spa. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  12. ^ Group, Rural News. "Greening Waipara". www.ruralnewsgroup.co.nz. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  13. ^ Group, Rural News. "Greening Waipara". www.ruralnewsgroup.co.nz. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  14. ^ "North Canterbury village aiming for predator-free goal". Stuff. 19 June 2018. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  15. ^ "Waipara penguin | New Zealand Birds Online". nzbirdsonline.org.nz. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  16. ^ "Bird fossil discovery in Canterbury upends theory". RNZ. 18 September 2019. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  17. ^ "Scientists discover one of world's oldest bird species at Waipara". Royal Society Te Apārangi. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  18. ^ "Waipara". Canterbury Museum. Retrieved 10 October 2020.
  19. ^ "Terror of the forest". New Zealand Geographic. Retrieved 10 October 2020.
  20. ^ 2018 Census place summary: Omihi
  21. ^ "Waipara School Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  22. ^ "Waipara School Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  23. ^ "All Blacks history destroyed in North Canterbury rugby club fire". Stuff. 28 August 2015. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  24. ^ "Glenmark back on top in North Canterbury rugby after grand final comeback win over Ashley". Stuff. 7 August 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  25. ^ "2019 Road Results". pegasus.omegatech.co.nz. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  26. ^ Taonga, New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage Te Manatu. "Glenmark station, North Canterbury". teara.govt.nz. Retrieved 10 October 2020.