Waitby

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Waitby
Waitby - geograph.org.uk - 236445.jpg
Waitby
Waitby is located in Cumbria
Waitby
Waitby
Waitby shown within Cumbria
Population 60 (2001)
OS grid reference NY7508
Civil parish
  • Waitby
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town KIRKBY STEPHEN
Postcode district CA17
Dialling code 01768
Police Cumbria
Fire Cumbria
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cumbria
54°28′05″N 2°23′10″W / 54.468°N 2.386°W / 54.468; -2.386Coordinates: 54°28′05″N 2°23′10″W / 54.468°N 2.386°W / 54.468; -2.386

Waitby is a small village and civil parish in the Eden district of Cumbria, England. The parish contains two small villages, Waitby and Smardale, plus the small hamlets of Riddlesay, Stripes and Leases, all of which are in the farmed and enclosured northern part at an elevation of around 200–300m. The southern half of the parish is mostly heath and unused for agriculture, it rises to Smardale fell; which it includes, at elevations between 300 and 400m. The civil parish of Ravenstonedale forms the boundary to the south. The western border with Crosby Garrett civil parish is formed by Scandal Beck. To the north and east lie Soulby and Kirkby Stephen civil parishes respectively. The population of the civil parish as measured at the 2011 Census was less than 100. Details are included in the parish of Crosby Garrett.

Waitby Beck rises from springs to the north east of the Waitby, joining Sandwith Sike which flows into the River Eden. Other minor becks include Hazel Gill and Choup Gill both of which join Scandal Beck.

The Settle and Carlisle Railway passes through the parish, as did the South Durham and Lancashire Union Railway; both cross Scandal Beck by Smardale Viaduct and Smardalegill Viaducts respectively.

Etymology[edit]

Waitby (originally Watebi c.1170) means "wet farmstead" from the Old Norse vátr (wet) + by (farm. cf "byre")[1] The village may have also been known as Wadeby or Waldeby; the alternative etymology "Waldeve's dwelling" has also been proposed.[2]

Smardale[edit]

Main article: Smardale

Other features[edit]

Waitby Greenriggs nature reserve 54°28′10″N 2°22′14″W / 54.46957°N 2.370636°W / 54.46957; -2.370636 lies east of Waitby outside the parish boundary halfway to Kirkby Stephen at the former junction between the South Durham and Lancashire Union Railway (Stainmore railway) and the Eden Valley railway. It was purchased from British Rail in 1987 and is part of the Cumbria Wildlife Trust.[3][4]

History[edit]

Waitby Castle[edit]

Waitby castle 54°28′10″N 2°22′35″W / 54.469394°N 2.376469°W / 54.469394; -2.376469 is a typical romano-British fortification built on top of a small hill. The banks ringing the roughly round enclosure are still visible as are the outlines of some inner buildings.[5][6]

Waitby and Smardale school[edit]

Waitby and Smardale school was founded in 1630 as a free school for the children of the villages of Waitby and Smardale by James Highmoor, a London weaver born in Kirkby Stephen with the gift of £100 for its upkeep and to employ a schoolmaster.[7] The school was rebuilt in 1867 by public subscription.[8]

Now named Waitby School the building is a grade II listed building[8] and has been converted into holiday accommodation.[9]

There is also a football team in waitby called waitby fc

Other listed structures[edit]

Leases farmhouse (18th/19th century)[10] and a nearby 19th century barn[11] and boundary stone near Leases[12] are grade II listed structures. The 18th century Wharton House and later threshing barn in Waitby are also grade II listed buildings.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Waitby via www.encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 25 July 2010.
  2. ^ The history and antiquities of the counties of Westmorland and Cumberland , Volume 1 , Joseph Nicolson, Richard Burn, William Nicolson, Henry Hornyold-Strickland , 1777 , p.555. "Manor of Waitby" google books link
  3. ^ Waitby Greenriggs www.cumbriawildlifetrust.org.uk Retrieved 25 July 2010.
  4. ^ Waitby Greenriggs Cumbria Wildlife Trust Reserve , www.wildlifeincumbria.org.uk Retrieved 25 July 2010.
  5. ^ Waitby Castle, Waitby www.matthewpenmott.co.uk Retrieved 25 July 2010.
  6. ^ Kirkby Stephen – Waitby Castle www.visitcumbria.com Retrieved 25 July 2010.
  7. ^ Nicholas Carlisle (1818), "Waitby, near Kirby Stephen", A concise description of the endowed grammar schools in England and Wales, 2, Baldwin, Cradock and Joy, pp. 736–738 
  8. ^ a b [Historic England. "Waitby and Smardale school (462206)". Images of England. Retrieved 25 July 2010. 
  9. ^ Waitby School www.waitbyschool.com Retrieved 25 July 2010.
  10. ^ Historic England. "The Leases, farmhouse and attached buildings (73040)". Images of England. Retrieved 25 July 2010. 
  11. ^ Historic England. "Byre range south of Leases farmhouse (73041)". Images of England. Retrieved 25 July 2010. 
  12. ^ Historic England. "Boundary stone south-west of Leases Farmhouse (73042)". Images of England. Retrieved 25 July 2010. 
  13. ^ Historic England. "Wharton House and attached barn (73039)". Images of England. Retrieved 25 July 2010. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]