Waitemata (New Zealand electorate)

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Waitemata was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1871 to 1946, and then from 1954 to 1978. It was represented by 18 members of parliament.

Population centres[edit]

The Waitemata electorate was created in the 1870 electoral redistribution based on 1867 census data and was used in its initial form for the 1871 election.[1] It was located north of the various urban Auckland electorates and south of the Rodney electorate.[2] The following settlements were included in its initial area: Cornwallis, Huia, Parau, Laingholm, Titirangi, Waiatarua, Oratia, Piha, Henderson Valley, Swanson, Ranui, Waitakere, Taupaki, Kumeu, Hobsonville, Whenuapai, Takapuna, and Helensville.[2]

The First Labour Government was defeated in the 1949 election and the incoming National Government changed the Electoral Act, with the electoral quota once again based on total population as opposed to qualified electors, and the tolerance was increased to 7.5% of the electoral quota. There was no adjustments in the number of electorates between the South and North Islands, but the law changes resulted in boundary adjustments to almost every electorate through the 1952 electoral redistribution; only five electorates were unaltered.[3] Five electorates were reconstituted (including Waitemata) and one was newly created, and a corresponding six electorates were abolished; all of these in the North Island.[4] These changes took effect with the 1954 election.[5]

History[edit]

The electorate existed from 1871 to 1946, and from 1954 to 1978.[6]

Early members were Thomas Henderson 1871–1874 (resigned),[7] Gustav von der Heyde 1874–1875 (unseated on petition),[8] John Sangster Macfarlane 1876–1879 (defeated),[9] Reader Wood 1879–1881 (retired),[10] William John Hurst 1881–1886 (died),[11] Richard Monk 1886–1890 (defeated),[12] and Jackson Palmer 1890–1893 (defeated).[13]

The election of Richard Monk, who stood again in 1893, was declared invalid.[12] From 1894 to 1896 Waitemata was held by future Prime Minister William Massey, until he transferred to Franklin.[14] Richard Monk held the electorate for the period 1896–1902.[12] The seat was then held by Ewen Alison from 1902 to 1908,[15] Leonard Phillips from 1908 to 1911,[16] and Alexander Harris from 1911 to 1935.[17]

In 1946 Henry Thorne Morton, who had held the seat from 1943, was defeated for North Shore.[18]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Waitemata was represented by 18 Members of Parliament.[6]

Key

 Independent    Independent Liberal    Conservative    Reform    Labour    National  

Election Winner
1871 election Thomas Henderson
1st 1874 by-election Gustav von der Heyde
2nd 1874 by-election
1876 election John Macfarlane
1879 election Reader Wood
1881 election William Hurst
1884 election
1886 by-election Richard Monk
1887 election
1890 election Jackson Palmer
1893 election Richard Monk
1894 by-election William Massey
1896 election Richard Monk
1899 election
1902 election Ewen Alison
1905 election
1908 election Leonard Phillips
1911 election Alexander Harris
1914 election
1919 election
1922 election
1925 election
1928 election
1931 election
1935 election Jack Lyon
1938 election
1941 by-election Mary Dreaver
1943 election Henry Morton
(electorate abolished 1946–1954, see North Shore)
1954 election Norman King
1957 election
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election Frank Gill
1972 election Michael Bassett
1975 election Dail Jones
(Electorate abolished 1978)

Election results[edit]

1941 by-election[edit]

Waitemata by-election, 1941[19][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Mary Dreaver 4,092 44.64
Independent National William Brockway Darlow 3,690 40.26
Democratic Labour Norman Douglas 909 9.91
Independent Peter Robertson Gardner 400 4.36
Independent Henry Thomas Head 74 0.80
Majority 402 4.38
Turnout 9,165

1935 election[edit]

General election, 1935: Waitemata[21][22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jack Lyon 6,578 51.52
Independent Alexander Harris 3,894 30.50 -22.38
Democrat Alan Walter Donald 2,045 16.02
United John Guiniven 252 1.97
Majority 2,684 21.02 -1.46
Informal votes 222 1.71 +1.37
Turnout 12,991 91.88 +10.91
Registered electors 14,139

1931 election[edit]

General election, 1931: Waitemata[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Alexander Harris 5,593 52.88 +12.28
Labour Arthur Osborne 3,215 30.40 +8.85
United William Brockway Darlow[24] 1,769 16.72
Majority 2,378 22.48 +19.75
Informal votes 36 0.34 -0.28
Turnout 10,613 80.97 -4.87
Registered electors 13,107

1928 election[edit]

General election, 1928: Waitemata[25][26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Alexander Harris 4,683 40.59 -17.24
United Reginald Henry Greville 4,368 37.86
Labour Arthur Osborne 2,485 21.54 -7.16
Majority 315 2.73 -26.40
Informal votes 72 0.62 +0.11
Turnout 11,608 85.84 -4.84
Registered electors 13,523

1925 election[edit]

General election, 1925: Waitemata[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Alexander Harris 7,101 57.84 +11.74
Labour Arthur Osborne 3,524 28.70
Liberal Thomas Lamont 1,653 13.46
Majority 3,577 29.13 +16.36
Informal votes 63 0.51 -0.30
Turnout 12,341 90.68 +1.00
Registered electors 13,610

1922 election[edit]

General election, 1922: Waitemata[28][29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Alexander Harris 4,586 46.10 -12.34
Liberal Frank Henry Burbush 3,315 33.32
Labour Robert Frederick Way[30] 2,047 20.58
Majority 1,271 12.78 -4.11
Informal votes 81 0.81 -0.59
Turnout 10,029 89.67 +6.21
Registered electors 11,184

1919 election[edit]

General election, 1919: Waitemata[31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Alexander Harris 4,911 58.44 +2.65
Liberal Arthur Edwin Greenslade[32] 3,492 41.56
Majority 1,419 16.89 +5.31
Informal votes 119 1.40 +0.32
Turnout 8,522 83.46 -1.22
Registered electors 10,211

1914 election[edit]

General election, 1914: Waitemata[33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Alexander Harris 4,881 55.79 +2.98
Liberal Henry Cromwell Tewsley[34] 3,868 44.21
Majority 1,013 11.58 +5.96
Informal votes 95 1.07 +0.91
Turnout 8,844 84.68 +2.37
Registered electors 10,444

1911 election[edit]

General election, 1911: Waitemata, first ballot[35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Joseph Napier 3,064 42.40 +0.01
Reform Alexander Harris 2,787 38.57
Independent Ewen Alison 1,375 19.03
Majority 277 3.83 -11.34
Informal votes 142 1.93
Turnout 7,368 83.64 +6.66
Registered electors 8,809
General election, 1911: Waitemata, second ballot[36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Alexander Harris 3,823 52.81 +14.24
Liberal William Joseph Napier 3,416 47.19 4.79
Majority 407 5.62 +1.79
Informal votes 12 0.17 -1.76
Turnout 7,251 82.31 -1.33
Registered electors 8,809

1908 election[edit]

General election, 1908: Waitemata, first ballot[37]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Leonard Phillips 2,946 49.50
Liberal William Joseph Napier 2,059 34.59
Liberal Henry Wakeford Wilding 673 11.31
Independent Theophilus Wake 274 4.60
Majority 887 14.90 -3.47
Turnout 5,952 77.02 -8.03
Registered electors 7,728
General election, 1908: Waitemata, second ballot[38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Leonard Phillips 3,426 57.56 +8.06
Liberal William Joseph Napier 2,523 42.39 +7.80
Majority 903 15.17 +0.27
Turnout 5,949 76.98 -0.04
Registered electors 7,728

1905 election[edit]

General election, 1905: Waitemata[39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ewen Alison 3,128 59.19 +0.49
Liberal Cecil Clinkard 2,157 40.81
Majority 971 18.37 +0.98
Informal votes 84 1.56
Turnout 5,369 85.05 +14.02
Registered electors 6,313

1902 election[edit]

General election, 1902: Waitemata[40][41]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ewen Alison 2,409 58.70
Liberal Alexander John Hatfield[42] 1,695 41.30
Majority 714 17.40 +3.92
Turnout 4,104 71.03 +2.53
Registered electors 5,778

1899 election[edit]

General election, 1899: Waitemata[43][44]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Richard Monk 1,713 51.29
Liberal Edwin Ford 1,263 37.81
Liberal Charles Newman 364 10.90
Majority 450 13.47
Turnout 3,340 68.50
Registered electors 4,876

1894 by-election[edit]

Waitemata by-election, 1894[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Massey 1,619 52.82
Independent Liberal Jackson Palmer 1,446 47.17
Majority 173 5.64
Turnout 3,065

1890 election[edit]

General election, 1890: Waitemata[45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Liberal Jackson Palmer 752 53.22
Conservative Richard Monk 661 46.77
Majority 91 6.44
Turnout 1,413 39.92
Registered electors 3,539

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 39.
  2. ^ a b McRobie 1989, p. 38.
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 99f.
  4. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 95–100.
  5. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 99.
  6. ^ a b Wilson 1985, p. 275.
  7. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 204.
  8. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 242.
  9. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 215.
  10. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 247.
  11. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 207.
  12. ^ a b c Wilson 1985, p. 220.
  13. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 225.
  14. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 219.
  15. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 179.
  16. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 226.
  17. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 203.
  18. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 221.
  19. ^ a b "Waitemata Election". Dunstan Times. 21 July 1941. p. 5. Retrieved 25 April 2016.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Waitemata_Election" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  20. ^ "Notice of Nominations Received and Polling Places Appointed". The New Zealand Herald. LXXVIII (24011). 8 July 1941. p. 12. Retrieved 24 April 2016. 
  21. ^ The New Zealand Official Year-Book. Government Printer. 1936. Retrieved 3 August 2013. 
  22. ^ "Election Results". The Evening Post. CXX (136). 5 December 1935. p. 5. Retrieved 12 November 2013. 
  23. ^ The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 4. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  24. ^ "Parliamentary Elections". Auckland Star. LXII (275). 20 November 1931. p. 5. Retrieved 5 December 2014. 
  25. ^ The General Election, 1928. Government Printer. 1929. p. 5. Retrieved 29 November 2014. 
  26. ^ "Electoral". The New Zealand Herald. LXV (20090). 30 October 1928. p. 4. Retrieved 29 November 2014. 
  27. ^ The General Election, 1925. Government Printer. 1926. p. 3. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  28. ^ Hislop, J. (1923). The General Election, 1922. Government Printer. p. 1. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  29. ^ "Electoral". Auckland Star. LIII (296). 14 December 1922. p. 16. Retrieved 5 December 2014. 
  30. ^ Gustafson 1980, p. 169.
  31. ^ Hislop, J. (1921). The General Election, 1919. National Library. p. 3. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  32. ^ "Waitemata Parliamentary Election". Observer. XL (14). 6 December 1919. p. 12. Retrieved 5 December 2014. 
  33. ^ Hislop, J. (1915). The General Election, 1914. National Library. p. 3. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  34. ^ "Mr. H.C. Tewsley". Observer. XXXV (14). 12 December 1914. p. 15. Retrieved 5 December 2014. 
  35. ^ AtoJs 1911 election 1912, p. 6.
  36. ^ AtoJs 1911 election 1912, p. 1.
  37. ^ AtoJs 1908 election 1909, pp. 2f.
  38. ^ AtoJs 1908 election 1909, p. 28.
  39. ^ The General Election, 1905. National Library. 1906. p. 1. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  40. ^ The General Election, 1902. National Library. 1903. p. 1. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  41. ^ "Waitemata". Observer. XXIII (10). 22 November 1902. p. 4. Retrieved 3 December 2014. 
  42. ^ "Page 18 Advertisements Column 1". Observer. XXIII (10). 22 November 1902. p. 18. Retrieved 3 December 2014. 
  43. ^ "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 1. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  44. ^ "Waitemata Electoral District". The New Zealand Herald. XXXVI (11241). 9 December 1899. p. 8. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  45. ^ "The General Election, 1890". National Library. 1891. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 

References[edit]