Waiting (novel)

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Waiting a Novel Book Cover.jpg
Front cover of first edition
Author Ha Jin
Country United States
Language English
Genre Novel
Publisher Pantheon Books
Publication date
1 October 1999
Media type Print (hardcover & paperback)
Pages 320
ISBN 978-0-375-40653-9
OCLC 77547314
813/.54 21
LC Class PS3560.I6 W34 1999

Waiting is a 1999 novel by Chinese-American author Ha Jin which won the National Book Award that year.[1] It is based on a true story that Jin heard from his wife when they were visiting her family at an army hospital in China. At the hospital was an army doctor who had waited eighteen years to get a divorce so he could marry his longtime friend, a nurse.

The plot revolves around the fortunes of three people: Lin Kong, the army doctor; his wife Shuyu, whom he has never loved; and the nurse Manna Wu, his girlfriend at the hospital where he works. Beginning in 1963 and stretching over a twenty-year period, Waiting is set against the background of a changing Chinese society. It contrasts city and country life and shows the restrictions on individual freedoms that are a routine part of life under communism. But Waiting is primarily a novel of character. It presents a portrait of a decent but deeply flawed man, Lin Kong, whose life is spoiled by his inability to experience strong emotions and to love wholeheartedly.

Plot Summary[edit]

Army doctor Lin Kong married his wife, Shuyu, as decided by his parents. While Lin spent most of his time away from home for his job, Shuyu raised their daughter and cared for both Lin's dying mother and father. Lin feels no love for her, and once he meets Manna Wu, a nurse at the hospital, he falls in love with her and feels that he must divorce his wife. Year after year, Lin tries to divorce the woman he is embarrassed to be married to, and every year when he comes home for a few days during the holidays, he goes with her to the courthouse, and she agrees that she will consent to the divorce. But each time, once they arrive at the courthouse, she does not consent. Meanwhile, Manna is frustrated that she cannot be with Lin, as each year he promises that Shuyu will agree to divorce him only for Shuyu to refuse consent each time. Though she endures for the sake of Lin, Manna receives unwanted attention for remaining unmarried, particularly by male coworkers who sexually harass her. The "Waiting" of the title refers to Lin's waiting to divorce Shuyu so he can be with Manna.

He finally succeeds in divorcing Shuyu, thanks to a law that states that, if a man and wife have been separate for 18 years, the man can divorce her without her consent. Once finally with Manna, however, he feels unhappy with her as well, feeling no love for her as he expected out of the belief that they had chosen each other rather than an arranged match. Lin seems to always love the one he doesn't have. Shortly after Manna gives birth to twin sons, Lin is devastated to learn that her health is failing and he will be left to raise his children alone. During this time, he realizes too late how much he relied on and failed to appreciate Shuyu's devotion to him. He goes to Shuyu, asking for her to forgive him and to help him raise his children after Manna passes away.


Waiting won both the National Book Award for Fiction[1] and the PEN/Faulkner Award, was a finalist for the 2000 Pulitzer Prize,[2] and has been enjoyed for its insights into life in communist China.


  1. ^ a b "National Book Awards – 1999". National Book Foundation. Retrieved 2012-03-27.
    (With acceptance speech by Jin and essay by Ru Freeman from the Awards 60-year anniversary blog.)
  2. ^ "Fiction". The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved 14 January 2014. 
Preceded by
Charming Billy
Alice McDermott
National Book Award for Fiction
Succeeded by
In America
Susan Sontag