Wakayama Prefecture

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Wakayama Prefecture
和歌山県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 和歌山県
 • Rōmaji Wakayama-ken
Flag of Wakayama Prefecture
Flag
Official logo of Wakayama Prefecture
Symbol of Wakayama Prefecture
Location of Wakayama Prefecture
Country Japan
Region Kansai
Island Honshū
Capital Wakayama (city)
Government
 • Governor Yoshinobu Nisaka
Area
 • Total 4,725.67 km2 (1,824.59 sq mi)
Area rank 30th
Population (April 1, 2012)
 • Total 989,983
 • Rank 39th
 • Density 209.49/km2 (542.6/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-30
Districts 6
Municipalities 30
Flower Ume blossom (Prunus mume)
Tree Ubame oak (Quercus phillyraeoides)
Bird Japanese white-eye (Zosterops japonica)
Website www.wakayama.lg.jp/
english/

Wakayama Prefecture (和歌山県 Wakayama-ken?) is a prefecture of Japan on the Kii Peninsula in the Kansai region on Honshū island.[1] The capital is the city of Wakayama.[2]

History[edit]

Present-day Wakayama is mostly the western part of the province of Kii.[3]

1953 flood disaster[edit]

On July 17–18, 1953, a torrential heavy rain occurred, followed by collapse of levees, river flooding and landslides in a wide area. Many bridges and houses were destroyed. According to an officially confirmed Japanese Government report, 1,015 people died, with 5,709 injured and 7,115 houses lost.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Map of Wakayama Prefecture.

Cities[edit]

Nine cities are in Wakayama Prefecture:

Towns and villages[edit]

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergers[edit]

Economy[edit]

Wakayama supplies most of Japan with its high production of mikans (Mandarin Oranges) in October.

Demographics[edit]

Wakayama is ranked 39th by population in Japan with a population of 989,983. It is the least populated prefecture in the Kansai region of Japan.

Its population is declining.

Culture[edit]

Mount Kōya (高野山 Kōya-san?) in the Ito District is the headquarters of the Shingon sect of Japanese Buddhism. It is home to one of the first Japanese style Buddhist temples in Japan and remains a pilgrimage site and an increasingly popular tourist destination as people flock to see its ancient temples set amidst the towering cedar trees at the top of the mountain. The Sacred sites and pilgrimage routes in the Kii Mountain Range extend for miles throughout the prefecture and together have been recognized as Japan's 11th UNESCO World Heritage site.[4]

The Kumano Shrines are on the southern tip of the prefecture. Tomogashima (a cluster of four islands) is part of the prefecture.

Sister relationships[edit]

Wakayama Prefecture has friendship and sister relationships with six places outside Japan:[5] Richmond, Canada; Shandong, People's Republic of China; Pyrénées-Orientales, France; Florida, United States; Sinaloa, Mexico; and Galicia, Spain.

Tourism[edit]

Wakayama Prefecture has hot springs such as Shirahama, Kawayu, and Yunomine Onsen.

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Road[edit]

Expressway[edit]

  • Hanwa Expressway
  • Keinawa Expressway
  • Yuasa Gobo Road
  • Nachi Katsuura Road

National Highway[edit]

Ferry[edit]

Airport[edit]

Education[edit]

Universities[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Wakayama prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 1026, p. 1026, at Google Books; "Kansai" in p. 477, p. 477, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Wakayama" in p. 1025, p. 1025, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. ^ UNESCO.org
  5. ^ 友好・姉妹提携 Wakayama Prefecture website, retrieved May 16, 2008

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°3′N 135°21′E / 34.050°N 135.350°E / 34.050; 135.350