Wake Island (film)
|Directed by||John Farrow|
|Produced by||Joseph Sistrom|
|Written by||W. R. Burnett
|Music by||David Buttolph|
|Cinematography||William C. Mellor
|Edited by||Frank Bracht
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
|Box office||$3.5 million (US rentals)|
Wake Island is a 1942 American action drama war film written by W. R. Burnett and Frank Butler, and directed by John Farrow. The film tells the story of the United States military garrison on Wake Island and the onslaught by the Japanese following the attack on Pearl Harbor. It stars Brian Donlevy, Robert Preston, Macdonald Carey, Albert Dekker, Barbara Britton, and William Bendix.
The end of the film implies that the defenders fought to the last man; in reality, they surrendered after repelling the first wave of the Japanese attack. It also shows the garrison's naval commander dying of wounds and the defense of the island being directed by Marine officers; in fact, Commander Winfield S. Cunningham survived the war.
A map is shown with a voiceover giving a brief history of the US military on Wake Island to November 1941. Marine Corps Major Geoffrey Caton departs Pearl Harbor aboard the Pan American Clipper to take over command on Wake Island. A military contractor, Mr. McClosky, is also going there. The two clash during the flight.
Upon arrival, Caton inspects the island and identifies Privates Randall and Doyle as troublemakers. He has them dig a large slit trench by hand. McClosky has a construction contract for large trenches and living quarters, and drives his crew to complete the work on time. There are numerous conflicts between the military and the civilians, including practicing for air raids.
The next day is December 7th, 1941. Randall prepares to board the Clipper, as he is leaving the service. Then news arrives about the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. The island goes on alert. Randall is unsure what to do. He is sent to a bomb shelter with the civilians as enemy planes approach. The Americans have only four fighters in the air, holding eight in reserve, against 24 Japanese bombers. Marine flyers shoot down several Japanese planes, but the bombers inflict heavy damage. Following the raid, Caton tells Randall he is no longer a civilian. McClosky decides to stay and dig trenches and other shelters with his heavy equipment. That night, Caton informs pilot Lieutenant Bruce Cameron that his wife was killed at Pearl Harbor.
The next day, enemy ships approach. The Marines camouflage their equipment. Caton orders his men into shelters and to hold their fire while the Japanese bombard the island. The Japanese signal the Americans to surrender. Caton does not answer. He waits until the enemy ships have closed to 4700 yards before returning fire, repelling the landing attempt and sinking several ships.
Cameron, on a reconnaissance flight, spots a Japanese heavy cruiser which can hit the island while remaining out of range of the defenders' weapons. He states he can take out that ship if his fighter is stripped down and carries only 15 gallons of fuel and a double load of bombs. Caton approves the mission. After successfully bombing the ship, Cameron is wounded by a Japanese fighter. He manages to land his airplane safely before dying.
Japanese planes bomb the island repeatedly.
Caton asks Captain Lewis to board a Navy patrol plane that is coming in, since he could provide intelligence to the Navy Department in Honolulu. Lewis refuses, but Caton orders him to go and file his official report.
Later, Caton is informed that the largest caliber ammunition is running out, so he has smaller guns spread around, and repositions his available men. Japanese planes approach in large numbers, causing major damage and inflicting numerous casualties. Only one pilot is left, Captain Patrick. When his plane is damaged, he bails out, but is killed while parachuting down.
The Japanese again signal for surrender. Caton replies, "Come and get us." Eventually, Caton orders all posts to act independently. Communications fail. Caton orders the last man out of his command post with a written message, as McClosky walks in, asking for a weapon. They make their way to an abandoned machine-gun position. Caton mans the gun. The Japanese land and overrun the American positions. The main characters are all killed in action. The film ends with a voiceover stating that "This is not the end."
- Brian Donlevy as Major Geoffrey Caton
- Macdonald Carey as Lieutenant Bruce Cameron
- Robert Preston as Private Joe Doyle
- William Bendix as Private Aloysius K. Randall
- Albert Dekker as Shad McClosky
- Walter Abel as Commander Roberts
- Mikhail Rasumny as Ivan Probenzky
- Rod Cameron as Captain Pete Lewis
- Bill Goodwin as Sergeant Higbee
- Damian O'Flynn as Captain Bill Patrick
- Frank Albertson as Johnny Rudd
- Philip Van Zandt as Cpl. Gus Goebbels (uncredited)
- Uncredited actors include Filipino Hollywood actor Rudy Robles as Triunfo, James Brown as a wounded marine, Barbara Britton as Sally Cameron, Patti McCarty as a girl at the inn, and Chuck Connors as a soldier in the meal line.
The film received positive reviews from critics. Bosley Crowther of The New York Times called it "a film for which its makers deserve a sincere salute. Except for the use of fictional names and a very slight contrivance of plot, it might be a literal document of the manner in which the Wake detachment of Marines fought and died in the finest tradition of their tough and indomitable corps." Variety agreed and called it "one of the most striking pictures of the year ... Never is there pandering to phoney flag-waving, always just a group of normal human beings who knew of no other course than fighting to the end." Harrison's Reports called it "Thrilling ... The realism of the Japanese attacks, and the stout defense put up by the Marines, are spine-chilling battle scenes that hold one in constant suspense, even though one is aware of the final outcome." Film Daily called it a "Stirring epic which will thrill the nation."
Wake Island placed fourth on Film Daily's year-end nationwide poll of 592 critics selecting the best films of 1942. In addition to the critical acclaim, it was also one of the biggest box office hits of the year.
- "Wake Island". American Film Institute. Retrieved January 7, 2016.
- "101 Pix Gross in Millions" Variety 6 Jan 1943 p 58
- Thomas Schatz, Boom and Bust: American Cinema in the 1940s Uni of California Press, 1999 p 243
- Palm Springs Visitors Center. "Coachella Valley Feature Film Production 1920–2011". Filming in Palm Springs. Palm Springs, CA. Retrieved October 1, 2012. ♦ Download (Downloadable PDF file)
- Crowther, Bosley (September 2, 1942). "Movie Review – Wake Island". The New York Times. Retrieved January 7, 2016.
- "Film Reviews". Variety. New York: Variety, Inc. August 12, 1942. p. 8.
- "'Wake Island' with Brian Donlevy, Macdonald Carey and Robert Preston". Harrison's Reports: 130. August 15, 1942.
- "Reviews of the New Films". Film Daily. New York: Wid's Films and Film Folk, Inc.: 6 August 12, 1942.
- "'Miniver' Wins Critics Poll". Film Daily. New York: Wid's Films and Film Folk, Inc.: 1 January 13, 1943.