Wake of the Flood
|Wake of the Flood|
|Studio album by Grateful Dead|
|Released||October 15, 1973|
|Recorded||August 4–15, 1973|
|Studio||The Record Plant, Sausalito|
|Genre||Jam, rock, folk rock, jazz fusion|
|Grateful Dead chronology|
|Rolling Stone||(not rated) |
Wake of the Flood is a studio album by rock band the Grateful Dead. Released October 15, 1973, it was the first album on the band's own Grateful Dead Records label. Their first studio album in nearly three years, it was also the first without founding member Ron "Pigpen" McKernan, who had recently died. His absence and keyboardist Keith Godchaux's penchants for bebop and modal jazz (rather than McKernan's tendencies toward the blues and soul music) contributed to the band's musical evolution. Godchaux's wife, Donna Godchaux, also appears as a backing vocalist on the album.
After three (official) live albums in a row, the Grateful Dead wanted to record studio versions of songs written since Keith Godchaux had joined the band. At the time of recording, five of the songs on the album (and part of a 6th) had been in live rotation for up to a year and a half, as arrangements were road-tested and finalized. Referring to this period, bassist Phil Lesh explained, "We’d learned to break-in the material at shows (under fire, as it were), rather than try to work it out at rehearsals, or in the studio at tremendous expense."
The new compositions drew on many of the band's influences, blending genres from country folk and R & B to ragtime and jazz rock, the latter being more prominent than previously. As had become routine, Robert Hunter and Jerry Garcia wrote the majority of the songs, with Bob Weir's contribution being the epic "Weather Report Suite". The "Prelude" section of this piece had been developed onstage, but the "Part 1" and "Part 2 (Let it Grow)" debuted after the album's release. "Let Me Sing Your Blues Away" is the band's only singing-songwriting contribution from Keith Godchaux. It was performed live just six times, in September 1973, between the recording and release of the album.
Describing Godchaux's influence, drummer Bill Kreutzmann said, "Wake of the Flood was Keith’s coming out party". Remarking on the evolution in style, he remembered, "Jerry brought 'Row Jimmy' into us one day, and it was really difficult to get a grip on it at first. It has a slow tempo, which makes it seem like it would be easy, but it calls for a slight reggae groove layered over a ballad. Rhythmically, the lengths aren’t traditional. They’re not just twos and fours. It’s deceiving. Basically, you have to play the song in half-time with a double-time bounce on top. It’s trickier than it sounds. But once I locked into it, 'Row Jimmy' became one of the best songs in our repertoire."
The band chose to record at the recently-built Record Plant, August 4–15, 1973. It was in Sausalito, near their home base, and had been used by cohorts New Riders of the Purple Sage for their successful album The Adventures of Panama Red (which featured input from Hunter and Donna Godchaux). Staff engineer Tom Flye, assistant engineer Tom Anderson, and Dead soundman Dan Healy recorded and mixed on 24-track, bringing the mixdown to Lacquer Channel in Sausalito for mastering. The initial vinyl runs were pressed by Monarch Record Mfg., in Los Angeles.
The album title comes from the opening stanza of "Here Comes Sunshine",
Wake of the flood, laughing water, '49
Get out the pans, don't just stand there dreaming, get out the way,
a poetic reference to the Vanport, Oregon flood (a site on which the Dead would coincidentally play, in 1995). Though lyrically the songs continued Hunter's Americana themes, a thread of earth, seasons and life cycles connects the material, particularly with Weir & Barlow's culminating suite. This is represented in the album cover artwork, designed by San Francisco counterculture artist and band associate Rick Griffin. It has an earth tone and simple graphics including a woodcut-derived figure of a harvest-reaping man with a wheat bundle and scythe, and a field crow. Reflecting the cycles of nature is an image, hidden in a cloud, of a hooded skull. Griffin said that the artwork was inspired by a quote from Revelation – "And the sea gave up the dead that were in it and death and Hell gave up the dead that were in them, and they were judged, every man according to their works." He added that the image was designed "to show an alternative to that. I wanted to juxtapose that Scripture with a loving image, an image of loving harvest." (The list of song titles on the back cover is missing from some early pressings.)
After completing their extended contract and extracting themselves from Warner Bros., the Dead were left without a record label for production and distribution of their albums. The decision was made to start an independent label, in order to retain complete control of their recordings and allow for side-projects. Lesh explained, "We already owned our own sound system. Booking and travel were in-house. It seemed as if being our own record company would be worth a try. No one could see a downside." Though pressing their own records was foreseeable, setting up a distribution network to compete with existing channels was formidable and ultimately short-lived. Lesh continued, "How would we distribute the records? [Manager Ron] Rakow’s original scam was to sell the records from ice-cream trucks ... seriously impractical. In the end, we settled on a more traditional model: the Dead would finance and produce the recordings, and United Artists Records would manufacture and distribute."
Two singles were released: "Let Me Sing Your Blues Away (b/w "Here Comes Sunshine"), followed by single edits of "Eyes of the World" (b/w "Weather Report Part I"). Neither charted. The Dead's ex-label responded to the loss of the band by compiling "best-of" and archive albums, beginning with Skeletons from the Closet, just months after the release of Wake of the Flood.
All of the songs but "Let Me Sing Your Blues Away" and the first parts of "Weather Report Suite" remained in setlists throughout the existence of the band (though "Here Comes Sunshine" was absent from 1975-1991). Weir had played the finger-picked "Prelude" for months before attaching it to "Weather Report Suite", ultimately dropping all but the "Let it Grow" section after 1974. Though the album's version is concise, "Eyes of the World" in particular had already become an extended-jam set piece and would remain so.
With the collapse of the band's label, in 1976, Wake of the Flood was in and out of print for many years. Exercising an active contract, United Artists made a one-off pressing on their Liberty label in 1979. The album went back into publication when it was released on CD in 1988, again on the Grateful Dead Records imprint. It was remastered and expanded for inclusion in the Beyond Description box set, in October 2004. The expanded version was released separately, in 2006.
- "Mississippi Half-Step Uptown Toodeloo" – 5:42
- "Let Me Sing Your Blues Away" (Keith Godchaux, Hunter) – 3:15 (lead singer: Keith Godchaux)
- "Row Jimmy" – 7:11
- "Stella Blue" – 6:22
- "Here Comes Sunshine" – 4:37
- "Eyes of the World" – 5:16
- "Weather Report Suite" – 12:41 (lead singer: Bob Weir)
Bonus tracks on 2004/2006 reissue
- "Eyes of the World" (live) – 17:02[a]
- "Weather Report Suite" (acoustic demo) (Weir, Andersen, Barlow) – 12:36
- "China Doll" (outtake) – 4:02[b]
- "Grateful Dead Family Discography". DeadDisc.com.
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- Jim Miller. "Rolling Stones Review". rollingstones.com.
- Kreutzmann, Bill (2015). Deal. St. Martin's Press, New York. Chapter 12. ISBN 978-1-250-03380-2.
- Wake of the Flood; Rhino/GDR, 2004. Liner Notes: Tom Anderson
- Hunter, Robert (1990). A Box of Rain. Viking Penguin, New York, NY. Pg. 134. ISBN 978-0140134513.
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- Strong, Martin Charles (2002). The Great Rock Discography. Canongate. p. 445. ISBN 9781841953120. Retrieved 2 December 2014.