|Town of Wakefield|
|Coordinates: 42°30′23″N 71°04′24″W / 42.50639°N 71.07333°WCoordinates: 42°30′23″N 71°04′24″W / 42.50639°N 71.07333°W|
|Renamed "Wakefield"||1868 |
|Named for||Cyrus Wakefield|
|• Type||Open town meeting|
|• Administrator||Stephen P. Maio  (through 2018)|
|• Board of Selectmen/Town Council||Edward F. Dombroski, Jr.(through 2023)|
Michael J. McLane(through 2025)
|• Town Clerk||Betsy Sheeran|
|• Clerk to the Board of Selectmen||Sherri Dalton|
|• Counsel||Thomas A. Mullen [nb 1]|
|• Total||20.5 km2 (7.9 sq mi)|
|• Land||19.3 km2 (7.5 sq mi)|
|• Water||1.1 km2 (0.4 sq mi)|
|Elevation||30 m (100 ft)|
|• Density||1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (Eastern)|
|Area code||339 / 781|
|GNIS feature ID||0619410|
Wakefield is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts in the Greater Boston metropolitan area, incorporated in 1812 and located about 12.5 mi (20.1 km) north-northwest of Downtown Boston. Wakefield's population was 27,090 at the 2020 census. Wakefield offers an assortment of activities around the local lake, Lake Quannapowitt.
Wakefield was first settled in 1638 and was originally known as Lynn Village. It officially separated from Lynn and incorporated as Reading in 1644 when the first church (First Parish Congregational Church) and the first mill were established. This first corn mill was built on the Mill River on Water Street, and later small saw mills were built on the Mill River and the Saugus River.
Thomas Parker (1609–1683) was one of the founders of Reading, and his home was in what is now downtown Wakefield (on the east side of Crescent Street where it intersects Princess Street). He also was a founder of the 12th Congregational Church (now the First Parish Congregational Church), and served as deacon there. He was a selectman of Reading and was appointed a judicial commissioner. There is evidence that Parker was "conspicuous in naming the town" and that he was related to the Parker family of Little Norton, England, who owned land by the name of Ryddinge.
The old parish church became known as the Old or South Parish when in 1713 the North Parish was established. This North Parish later became the town of North Reading. In 1769 the West Parish was established. In 1812 the Old or South Parish of Reading separated from Reading and was officially incorporated as South Reading. At the time it was spelled South Redding, not South Reading.
The railroad was chartered and built in 1844 between Wilmington and Boston. This later became the main line of the Boston and Maine Railroad. The Boston and Maine Foundry was built in 1854 and was later reincorporated as the Smith and Anthony Stove Company. The Boston Ice Company cut and shipped ice from Lake Quannapowitt starting in 1851.
The Rattan Works (which made wicker furniture) was established in 1856 by Cyrus Wakefield. This later grew into the Wakefield Rattan Company and at one time had a thousand employees. In 1868 Cyrus Wakefield donated land and money for a new town hall, and in thanks the town voted to change its name from South Reading to Wakefield. The town hall, currently named for William J. Lee, is located at 1 Lafayette Street.
In 1856 the South Reading Public Library was established, which later became the Beebe Town Library. In 1923, the Lucius Beebe Memorial Library was built and established by Junius Beebe, the son of Lucius Beebe (1810–1884).
The first weekly newspaper in Wakefield was established in 1858.
One of the oldest and largest manufacturers of flying model airplane toys in the world, Paul K. Guillow, Inc. is located in Wakefield. The company is particularly notable for its extensive line of balsa wood model airplane kits.
Route 128 was built along the north edge of the town by 1958, and the American Mutual Insurance Company built its headquarters between Lake Quannapowitt and Route 128. American Mutual had over 1000 employees, most of them commuting to work via Route 128. By the late 1980s American Mutual was in liquidation due to the Woburn W. R. Grace litigation. The headquarters building was sold to the Beal Company and was home to Boston Technology Inc. which invented and manufactured corporate voice mail systems that operated on computer systems. Boston Technology merged in 1997 with Comverse Technology, a digital telecommunications equipment manufacturer, which later bought the building; Wakefield became headquarters of its eventual spinoff, Comverse.
The northeastern part of Wakefield was home to an amusement park, Pleasure Island, billed as "The Disneyland of the Northeast," but the park closed in 1969 after only ten years of operation due to unseasonably cold weather that brought diminishing returns among tourists. In April 1971, a fire burned down much of the amusement park. The area now consists of several office buildings and is called "Edgewater Park".
The bicentennial of the incorporation of Wakefield took place in 2012, whereas 2018 was the sesquicentennial of the 1868 town name change from "South Reading" to "Wakefield."
2000 shooting spree
On December 26, 2000, seven workers at Edgewater Technology in Wakefield, Massachusetts were shot and killed by an Edgewater Tech employee. The 42-year-old gunman was an application supporter at Edgewater Technology.
During his trial, he stated that he was born without a soul and that God had allowed him to earn a soul by traveling back in time to kill Nazis. However, the prosecution asserted that the killings were motivated by his employer's garnishing of his wages to the IRS, as he failed to pay back taxes. He was found guilty of seven counts of first degree murder and sentenced to seven consecutive life sentences without the possibility of parole.
In 2008 this case was studied on the psychology program Most Evil.
2021 incident on Interstate 95 (I-95)
On July 3, 2021, armed members of the group "Rise of the Moors" were approached by police resulting in a standoff, blocking traffic along a section of I-95 that runs through Wakefield. Eleven individuals were peacefully detained, ending the incident.
Wakefield is located at 42°30′4″N 71°4′16″W / 42.50111°N 71.07111°W (42.501345, −71.071324).
Reading, Massachusetts (northwest), Melrose, Massachusetts (south), Stoneham, Massachusetts (southwest), Lynnfield, Massachusetts (northeast), and Saugus, Massachusetts (southeast) border Wakefield.
Route 129 runs through Wakefield as its Main Street. I-95/Route 128 skirt the northwestern border of Wakefield as one road known as the "Yankee Division Highway".
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 7.9 square miles (20 km2), of which 7.5 square miles (19 km2) is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2), or 5.56%, is water.
Wakefield has two lakes, Crystal Lake and Lake Quannapowitt. Crystal Lake is used as a reservoir for some of the town's drinking water; as such, recreation is prohibited on Crystal Lake. Lake Quannapowitt, meanwhile, is used for a wide variety of recreational activities, including boating, windsurfing, kayaking, and fishing, and is the primary source of the Saugus River.
In 1847, Lake Quannapowitt was named for the Native American James Quannapowitt, one of the signers of the old Indian Deed of 1686. The earliest settlers referred to the lake simply as the "Greate Pond" or "Reading Pond."
Lake Quannapowitt is also home to the oldest inland yacht club in the United States, Quannapowitt Yacht Club, which was founded in 1886.
Long regarded as "Wakefield's greatest natural resource," Lake Quannapowitt covers an area of 247 acres (1.00 km2; 100 ha). Its outlet is the Saugus River to the Atlantic Ocean. Wakefield Common sits to the south of the lake, and is the site of many recreational activities and events throughout the year. In 1991, a group of local citizens formed "The Friends of Lake Quannapowitt" to advocate for the lake and to educate the public about this natural resource. The group has also raised money for projects that benefit the lake and the surrounding areas.
Wakefield has been recognized as an Arbor Day Foundation Tree City USA annually since 2001.
Wakefield harbors a climate typical to the Northeastern United States, with cold, snowy winters, cool, rainy springs, cool, sunny autumns, and hot, humid summers. During the summers, many droughts occur, and lakes and other means of water often go down a couple of inches.
- Notable recent storms
The town received, along with many other parts of Massachusetts, 2 to 3 feet (0.61 to 0.91 m) of snow during a January 2011 Nor'Easter. Wakefield also received 27.5 inches (700 mm) or 2.29 feet (0.70 m) of snow during the February 2013 Nor'Easter known as Winter Storm Nemo, and snowfall in Wakefield was unofficially reported as 29.0 inches (740 mm) or 2.42 feet (0.74 m) following the January 2015 Nor'Easter known as Winter Storm Juno.
In 2020, Wakefield suffered significant impacts from two major storms: firstly, on August 24, 2020, the town took the brunt of an exceptionally severe thunderstorm cell that included a microburst. Downed power lines, snapped trees, and a house fire caused by a lightning strike were reported, with damage being especially heavy in the town's Greenwood section. Then, two months later on October 30, 2020, Wakefield was hit by a "Snowtober"—an unseasonable October snowstorm. The storm pelted much of Greater Boston with record setting snowfall for the month of October, exceeding the previous October high snowfall, in October 2011, by about 2 inches.
|Climate data for Wakefield, Massachusetts|
|Average high °F (°C)||35
|Average low °F (°C)||15
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||4.36
|* = population estimate. Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.|
2010 U.S. Census demographics
As of the census of 2010, there were 24,932 people, 9,994 households, 10,500 housing units, and 6,547 families residing in the Town of Wakefield.
Racial makeup, 2010
The racial makeup of the Town in 2010 was:
- 94.5% (23,573) White
- 0.9% (229) Black or African American
- 0.1% (30) Native American and Alaska Native
- 2.6% (660) Asian (the leading Asian nationalities being Chinese with 1.1% or 267 people and Indian with 0.7% or 174 people)
- 0.0% (0) Pacific Islander
- 0.6% (150) from other races
- 1.2% (290) from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.3% (575) of the population.
Household statistics, 2010
In the town in 2010, there were 9,994 households, out of which:
- 28.3% (2,825) had children under the age of 18 living with them
- 52.7% (5,265) were a husband and a wife living together
- 3.2% (323) had a male householder with no wife present
- 9.6% (959) had a female householder with no husband present.
The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.07.
Age classifications, 2010
In the town in 2010, the population was spread out agewise with:
- 5.6% (1,401) under the age of 5 years
- 5.9% (1,478) between the ages of 5 and 9
- 6.2% (1,534) between the ages of 10 and 14
- 5.5% (1,365) between the ages of 15 and 19
- 4.7% (1,176) between the ages of 20 and 24
- 6.1% (1,530) between the ages of 25 and 29
- 6.2% (1,534) between the ages of 30 and 34
- 6.8% (1,705) between the ages of 35 and 39
- 7.9% (1,981) between the ages of 40 and 44
- 8.6% (2,137) between the ages of 45 and 49
- 8.3% (2,066) between the ages of 50 and 54
- 7.3% (1,816) between the ages of 55 and 59
- 6.2% (1,538) between the ages of 60 and 64
- 4.2% (1,039) between the ages of 65 and 69
- 3.3% (811) between the ages of 70 and 74
- 2.5% (633) between the ages of 75 and 79
- 2.4% (607) between the ages of 80 and 84
- 2.3% (581) aged 85 years or older.
The median age was 41.9 years, 40.6 for males and 43.0 for females.
The population of Wakefield was 24,915 as of July 2007. The town's population was composed of 11,814 (47.4%) males and 13,101 (52.6%) females. The median resident age was 38.9 years, higher than the Massachusetts median age of 36.5.
In 2008, the median household income was $85,011, about $20,000 above Massachusetts as a whole. The estimated income per capita was $39,918. The estimated median property value in 2008 was $416,592, up from $240,300 in 2000, representing a $176,292 increase.
Racial makeup, 2007–2008
Racially, Wakefield broke down as:
- 96.4% White
- 1.4% Asian
- 0.8% Hispanic
- 0.4% African American
- 0.01% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
- 0.8% from two or more races.
Ancestry breakdown, 2007–2008
Ancestries in Wakefield broke down thus
The cost of living index was listed as 121.4, 21.4 points above the U.S. average.
2000 U.S. Census demographics
As of the census of 2000, there were 24,804 people, 9,747 households, and 6,608 families residing in the town. The population density was 3,321.6 inhabitants per square mile (1,282.5/km2). There were 9,937 housing units at an average density of 1,330.7 per square mile (513.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.94% White, 0.45% Black or African American, 0.08% Native American, 1.43% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.82% of the population.
There were 9,747 households, out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.1% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 26.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the town, the population was spread out, with 22.6% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 32.7% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.8 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $66,117, and the median income for a family was $77,834. Males had a median income of $51,591 versus $39,327 for females. The per capita income for the town was $30,369. About 1.7% of families and 3.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.7% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.
Wakefield holds yearly major town meetings to discuss the budget. As it is a town, not a city, Wakefield's main decisions are made, in the New England style, by a Board of Selectmen, which works in collaboration with a town administrator. Stephen Maio is the town administrator as of 2023. Administrator Maio hosts a "Town Administrator's Report" monthly on the public-access television cable TV station, WCAT-TV (about which more below).
A number of other matters are handled by different committees in the town, such as the Finance Committee, or FinCom, the Zoning Board of Appeals, and the School Board. The Town Hall houses the office of the Town Administrator and the Finance Committee, as well as other town boards and offices. Board of Selectmen/Town Council meetings, formerly held at the Town Hall, have in recent years moved to the studios of WCAT-TV.
List of Wakefield Governmental Positions
|Town Accountant||Kevin Gill|
|Animal Control Officer||Kenneth Stache|
|Health Director||Ruth Clay|
|Building Inspector||Benjamin DeChristoforo|
|Cemetery Division||Dennis Fazio|
|Council on Aging
|DPW Director||Joseph Conway|
|Thomas P. Walsh Jr.|
Department (WFD) Chief
|Fleet Division||Dennis Gorman|
|Wakefield Municipal Gas &
|Parking Clerk||Kenneth Stache|
Department (WPD) Chief
|Wakefield Public Schools
|Tax Collector||Kathleen Kelly|
|Town Administrator||Stephen P. Maio|
|Town Clerk||Betsy Sheeran|
|Town Counsel||Thomas Mullen|
|Town Planner||Paul Reavis|
|Town Treasurer||John J. McCarthy, Jr.|
|Veterans' Services||Dave Mangan|
|Water and Sewer Supervisor||Steven Fitzpatrick|
|As of August 2022|
Town Council (fmrly. Board of Selectmen)
The Board of Selectmen was the name of Wakefield's primary governing body until it changed its name to the "Town Council" in 2018 in an effort to maintain gender neutrality. Since that time, "Selectmen" have been called "Councilors." A single Councilor term lasts for three years; barring special elections, annual town elections take place each April. The Town Council consisted of, as of August 2022, Chair Julie Smith-Galvin, Vice-Chair Mehreen N. Butt, Anne P. Danehy, Edward F. Dombroski, Jr., Jonathan Chines, Michael J. McLane, and Robert E. Vincent. with Sherri A. Dalton as clerk to the Town Council, and Thomas Mullen as town counsel.
Recent Selectmen Elections
2012–2016 Selectmen Elections
Brian Falvey replaced Albert Turco, who did not seek re-election, in a Selectmen's seat in town elections of April 24, 2012, and Paul R. DiNocco renewed a term for three years.
In 2013, Selectmen John B. Encarnacao and James E. Good announced that they would not seek reelection. Vice Chair Tiziano Doto was reelected to a three-year term while former Board of Health member Ann Santos won a seat. Former Selectwoman Phyllis Hull returned to the Board with a term lasting through 2016.
In 2014, Selectmen Patrick S. Glynn and Betsy Sheeran ran in a three-way election against one challenger, Roland A. Cote. Both Glynn and Sheeran renewed their terms through 2017.
Phyllis Hull and Ann Santos both ran for re-election on April 26, 2016, in a field of five. Santos renewed her term; Hull lost out to new Board of Selectmen add-on Anthony J. Longo and Peter J. May.
2016 Special Election (July)
A vacancy on the Board of Selectmen was filled by a Special Town Election held on July 19, 2016. The candidates to fill the vacancy were announced as Daniel L. Benjamin, Jr., Mehreen N. Butt, Christopher J. Callanan, Nathaniel David Gayman, Allyson Gael Houghton, and Phyllis J. Hull. Hull won the election by 31 votes, avenging her defeat of three months prior and filling a vacant seat on the Board of Selectmen. Hull's new term lasted through April 2017.
2017–2020 Selectmen/Town Council elections
The 2017 town election was held Tuesday, April 25, 2017. The only incumbent Selectperson on the ballot in this election cycle was Phyllis J. Hull, who was defeated by the two top vote getters, Edward Dombroski Jr. and Mehreen N. Butt.
In the 2018 town election, held on Tuesday, April 24, 2018, two seats were up for election. Paul R. DiNocco renewed his Selectman's seat while a newcomer to the Wakefieldian political scene, Julie Smith-Galvin, defeated incumbent Selectman Brian Falvey.
Three seats for Town Councilors were to be decided in 2019. Ann Santos and Peter J. May, both incumbents, renewed their terms through 2022. However, Anthony Longo was voted off of the Board of Selectmen/Town Council after receiving fewer votes than the only new member to be elected in 2019, Jonathan Chines.
In 2020, Councilors Mehreen N. Butt and Edward F. Dombroski, Jr., held the only open seats. Both cruised to re-election in a race in which each ran virtually unopposed, with no competition except for write-in candidates, and renewed their terms through 2023.
2021 featured a three-way race between one incumbent, one Finance Committee member, and one newcomer. Town Councillor Julie Smith-Galvin and Finance Committee member Anne P. Danehy received a plurality of votes, knocking hopeful Brandon Flanagan out of the race. The 2021 election also featured a heated ballot question over whether or not to keep the Wakefield Warriors logo and mascot; voters chose to maintain the status quo, 2,851–2,337.
Newcomer Robert E. Vincent was voted onto the Town Council in 2022, and incumbents Jonathan Chines and Michael J. McLane were re-elected, renewing their terms through 2025. Aspirant Katie Dolan, the lone woman in the race, finished fourth.
The Finance Committee, colloquially abbreviated FinCom, is responsible for matters of finance in the town and for setting a budget for the town and its various departments to follow. The fifteen-member committee is composed of, as of August 2022, Chairman James Sullivan, Vice Chairman Douglas S. Butler, Zachary Sletterink, Joseph Bertrand, Tarae Howell, Edward Bean, Brian Cusack, Dennis Hogan, William J. Boodry, Jr., Stefan Chase, David Mastroianni, Gerard Leeman, Donald Ravenelle, Joseph Tringale, and Evan Kenney.
Board of Appeals
The Wakefield Board of Appeals, alternately known as the Zoning Board of Appeals (ZBA), holds hearings on the second and fourth Wednesday of every month and as of January 2023 consisted of five members, James H. McBain, Joseph Pride, Chairperson David Hatfield, Charles Tarbell, and Thomas Lucey, with Michael Feeley and Gregory McIntosh as alternates.
Although a somewhat antiquated position, the town of Wakefield, in accordance with other towns in the state of Massachusetts, appoints townspeople to positions of fence viewers. Fence viewers serve advisory positions to property owners before a fence is built on or dividing properties. As of January 2023, Dennis M. Cloherty, John Sofia, and Holly Lenhardt serve as fence viewers in Wakefield.
World War II Memorial Committee
The Town of Wakefield tasked a fifteen-member committee headed by Selectwoman Phyllis Hull to oversee the construction of a World War II Veterans' Memorial on the Upper Common. The memorial includes the names of 72 Wakefieldians who lost their lives during World War II, as well as names of all other Wakefieldians who served in the war. The creation of the committee overseeing the project was authorized in 2007, and the memorial was completed in 2011 and unveiled on Veterans Day, November 11, 2011.
MelroseWakefield Hospital (formerly Melrose-Wakefield Hospital), a Level II trauma center, is located to the south of Wakefield in nearby Melrose and serves both the town of Wakefield and city of Melrose.
Board of Health
The Wakefield Board of Health (BOH) legislates health policy within the town. As of January 2023, the three-member board is composed of Chair Elaine M. Silva, Vice-Chair Candace Linehan, and Secretary Laurel Skinder Gourville. The BOH works in concert with the Health Department and Health Director Ruth L. Clay.
Wakefield and COVID-19
As of March 10, 2022, Wakefield had reported 5,795 cases of COVID-19 over the course of the COVID-19 pandemic. These numbers were indicative of a winter surge exacerbated by the Omicron variant. 1,205 student cases were reported since Wakefield Public Schools reopened in September 2021. Likely as a result of some individuals getting tested multiple times, the number of tests administered in the town is now more than double the population (26,399 est.) of the town itself.
As of March 10, 2022, 21,425 Wakefieldians, or about 79% of the town population, had been fully vaccinated against COVID-19. An additional 2,044 townspeople had received one dose of a two-dose vaccine. In total, as of March 10, 2022, 23,469 Wakefieldians had been at least partially inoculated against COVID-19.
- Town government response
Like much of Massachusetts, Wakefield conducted largely successful public health and safety campaigns regarding quarantining and mask wearing, and achieved a high percentage of immunity once vaccines were rolled out beginning in 2021. In February 2022, the Wakefield Board of Health voted to rescind the town's mask mandate for public indoor spaces and municipal buildings effective February 18, 2022. Shortly thereafter, the town announced it would no longer be updating COVID-19 case counts due to the rise of at-home antigen testing, which was making the town's reports less accurate.
Wakefield is home to two high schools: one public school (Wakefield High School), and one regional vocational school (Northeast Vocational). Wakefield contains one middle school, Galvin Middle School, and four elementary schools, Greenwood, Walton, Woodville, and Dolbeare. Doyle School serves as the town's public preschool.
The Little Red School House, also known as the West Ward School, is a former one-room school house building that was last used by kindergarten students on the West Side until the 1990s. It has been preserved and now houses the Wakefield Historical Society.
The Wakefield School Committee oversees Wakefield Public Schools, which is currently headed by superintendent Doug Lyons as of February 2023. Lyons' Assistant Superintendent is Kara Mauro. The School Committee, as of February 2023, is composed of the following elected members: Chairman Thomas Markham (2025), Vice-Chair Amy Leeman (2024), Kevin Piskadio (2024), Stephen Ingalls (2024), Mike Boudreau (2023), Eileen Colleran (2025), and Kevin Fontanella (2025). The School Committee controls the majority of municipal spending.
Wakefield is roughly composed of the following neighborhoods:
- Greenwood consists of nearly all of Southern Wakefield, bordering the Melrose Highlands neighborhood of Melrose to the south, the Horace Mann neighborhoods of Melrose and Saugus to the south and east, and Stoneham to the west. Although a part of Wakefield, Greenwood is often labeled as a town separate from Wakefield on maps and in atlases, and a satellite U.S. Post Office exists on Main Street in southern Greenwood.
- Woodville consists of much of central-eastern Wakefield.
- The Downtown/Wakefield Square area extends from just north of the immediate north shore of Crystal Lake (an area known as Wakefield Junction, where North Avenue merges into Main Street) to the southern shores of Lake Quannapowitt.
- The West Side encompasses nearly all of Wakefield which is west of Lake Quannapowitt and Crystal Lake.
- The East Side, in spite of the name, is not in extreme Eastern Wakefield. Rather, the East Side is about the geographical center of the town, bordering the northeastern shore of Crystal Lake. Woodville is in fact to the east of the "East Side".
- Lakeside encompasses northern-central Wakefield and borders the entire eastern shore of Lake Quannapowitt. Lakeside borders Reading to the north.
- Montrose consists of much of northeastern Wakefield, bordering Lynnfield. Aside from Lake Quannapowitt and Crystal Lake, many of Wakefield's smaller ponds and lakes, such as Heron Pond, can be found in the Montrose region.
Points of interest
- Lake Quannapowitt is a popular recreation area for walkers, joggers, bikers, and rollerbladers.
- Lucius Beebe Memorial Library.
- The town common is the central park of Wakefield, on the southern edge of Lake Quannapowitt. Events such as summer concerts, Fourth of July festivities, Festival by the Lake, and Festival Italia take place there.
- Breakheart Reservation, located in Saugus, is also accessible from Wakefield.
- Wakefield History Museum, located on Prospect Street.
Places of worship
Wakefield has a wide variety of places of worship serving numerous faiths and denominations. Many townspeople are regular attendees at one of the following:
- First Parish Congregational Church (Downtown/Wakefield Square; adjacent to Wakefield Lower Common)
- Emmanuel Episcopal Church (Downtown/Wakefield Square)
- Unitarian Universalist Church of Wakefield (Main Street)
- Most Blessed Sacrament Church (southern Greenwood, on Main Street near the Melrose line)
- Restoration Road Church (formerly Greenwood Union Church) (Greenwood)
- Romanian Orthodox Church (East Side)
- St. Florence Parish (Montrose)
- St. Joseph Parish (West Side)
- Temple Emmanuel (West Side)
- Wakefield–Lynnfield United Methodist Church (Montrose)
- Christ the King North Shore, a branch of the Charismatic Episcopal Church (Wakefield Junction)
- Mun Su Sa Buddhist Temple (Montrose)
First Baptist Church fire
The First Baptist Church of Wakefield (Downtown/Wakefield Square, constructed 1872) served Wakefield for nearly 150 years before being destroyed by a lightning strike and subsequent fire around 7:10 PM EDT, Tuesday, October 23, 2018. It took the rest of the night for firefighters and first responders to extinguish the blaze. As of October 25, the remains of the church were in a pile waiting cleanup. In the aftermath, First Baptist worship services have continued at the nearby First Parish Congregational Church as well as on the site of the Baptist Church building. Plans are currently[when?] being made to rebuild the church.
An MBTA Commuter Rail station on the Haverhill/Reading Line is located near the center of town as well as a second station in the Greenwood section. A former Boston and Maine Railroad station located east of this line is now on the National Register of Historic Places. Several MBTA buses on Route 136 and Route 137 run to surrounding communities, including the nearby Oak Grove stop as well as Malden Center, both rapid transit stations on the Orange Line. The route 428 bus from Oaklandvale in nearby Saugus to Haymarket in downtown Boston stops on Farm Street in front of Wakefield High School; this bus route runs express to Haymarket. Rt. 128/I-95 runs through Wakefield with exits at Albion Street, North Avenue, Water Street, Vernon Street, New Salem Street, and Salem Street. State Route 129 also passes through Wakefield. US Route 1 runs through nearby Saugus and Lynnfield, while I-93 runs through neighboring Stoneham.
The town is served by two daily newspapers, the locally owned Daily Item, an edition of the Daily Times Chronicle; and a weekly, the Wakefield Observer. The Wakefield Memorial High School has a newspaper, written by the students, recently renamed "WHS exPRESS". The town operates a Public Access cable channel, WCAT Wakefield.
In addition, Wakefield Nation provides election coverage and supports local charitable causes.
Wakefield has a strong local sports fan base and a robust youth sports culture. Wakefield High School has popular football, baseball, softball, hockey and basketball programs. Wakefield High's football team earned a Division II "Super Bowl" title in 1999, and its men's and women's basketball teams won Division II state championships in 1997. Baseball is a popular spring and summer sport in the town, with two men's semiprofessional teams: the Wakefield Merchants, a member of Boston's Intercity Baseball League (and champions of that league in 1978 and 1994), and a team representing the local American Legion post.
Wakefield has many active youth sports leagues. Young athletes in Wakefield can choose to play baseball, basketball, lacrosse, football, soccer, hockey, dance, cheerleading, and softball, among other team sports. The following is a list of the volunteer organizations that maintain these leagues.
- Town Day
- Independence Day Parade / Home Town March[nb 2] (July 4)
- Festival Italia (typically 3rd Saturday in August)
- Homecoming Celebration in Autumn
- Concerts on the Common (July–September)
- Festival By The Lake (2nd Saturday in June)
- Tis the Season Holiday Stroll (1st Saturday in December)
- See the top of the page for additional photos.
The headquarters of The Wakefield Daily Item
- Russell Banks (1940–2023), author, poet, novelist, spent part of his childhood in Wakefield, graduating from Wakefield Memorial High School in 1958.
- Lucius Morris Beebe, author, gourmand, photographer, railroad historian, journalist, and syndicated columnist born December 9, 1902 in Wakefield (died 1966)
- Elizabeth Boit, textile manufacturer
- William Brewster, ornithologist, born in Wakefield in 1851.
- Bruce Brown, born in Dorchester but moved to Wakefield to attend Wakefield Memorial High School, where he starred in basketball for two seasons. He was selected by the Detroit Pistons in the 2018 NBA Draft following a successful college basketball career with the Miami (FL) Hurricanes. Brown currently plays for the Denver Nuggets, having previously played with the Brooklyn Nets and Detroit Pistons.
- Scott Brown, Massachusetts State and US Senator (2010–2013) preceded by Ted Kennedy; defeated in 2012 reelection bid by Elizabeth Warren and in 2014 bid in New Hampshire by Jeanne Shaheen
- Joe Cannata, Merrimack College Warriors goalie and 2009 Vancouver Canucks draftee, has appeared in the American Hockey League and in Sweden; currently a member of Oskarshamn IK of the Swedish Hockey League.
- Rich Ceisler, stand-up comedian, author and director.
- Carleton S. Coon, anthropologist
- David Dellinger, radical pacifist and member of the Chicago Seven, born in Wakefield and graduated from Wakefield Memorial High School in 1932
- Anthony Fabiano, NFL center for the Cleveland Browns. Attended Wakefield Memorial High School and Harvard University prior to entering the NFL
- John Galvin, US Army general and former NATO Supreme Allied Commander
- Kayla Harrison, judoka, two-time Olympic gold medalist (2012 and 2016) and world champion in judo. Kayla was the first American (man or woman) to win an Olympic medal in the sport.
- Israel Horovitz, playwright and screenwriter born March 31, 1939 in Wakefield. His oeuvre includes several plays about Wakefield, collected in a book known as The Wakefield Plays. Horovitz passed away on November 9, 2020 at the age of 81. Beastie Boy Adam "Ad-Rock" Horovitz is the son of Israel Horovitz
- Mark Kumpel, member of the 1984 US Olympic ice hockey team and former NHL player with the Winnipeg Jets, Quebec Nordiques, and the Detroit Red Wings
- Dave Lapham, former NFL player with the Cincinnati Bengals, former USFL player with the New Jersey Generals, current member of the Cincinnati Bengal radio broadcast team
- Rachel Levine, pediatrician who served as Secretary of the Pennsylvania Department of Health from 2017 to 2021, and who is currently Assistant Secretary for Health in the Biden administration. Levine is the first openly transgender four-star officer in the nation's eight uniformed services
- John Lilley, member of the 1994 US Olympic ice hockey team and former NHL player with the Mighty Ducks of Anaheim
- Buffy (Beverly) Sainte Marie, folksinger and composer, born in Canada but raised in Wakefield, graduating from Wakefield Memorial High School in 1958
- James Massone, former contestant on season 2 of the NBC program The Voice
- A. David Mazzone, Judge for the U.S. District Court in Boston from 1978 until 2004. He is best known for the 1985 court decision mandating the cleanup of Boston Harbor, which ultimately cost $3.8 billion and resulted in the construction of the Deer Island wastewater treatment plant. Mazzone lived in Wakefield from 1959 until his death in 2004
- Charlie Moore, host of NESN's Charlie Moore Outdoors
- Marcia Pankratz, member of the 1988 and 1996 Olympic field hockey team and former head coach of field hockey at the University of Michigan
- Jimmy Pedro, multiple Olympic medalist in judo and former world champion
- Louis Sullivan, architect considered the father of modernism, born in Boston but lived in Wakefield with his grandparents during his school years
- Richard Tisei, former Massachusetts State Senate Minority Leader and former candidate for Lt. Governor
- John Anthony Volpe, three-time Republican governor of Massachusetts, U.S. Secretary of Transportation, and Ambassador to Italy; born in Wakefield in 1908
- ^ As of July 2, 2014.
- ^ The Wakefield Independence Day Parade was not held in 2013 after leaders of the Wakefield Independence Day Committee resigned. Instead, the West Side Social Club staged a considerably smaller event called a "Home Town March" on July 4, 2013. In April 2014, it was announced that the Wakefield Independence Day Committee would endeavor to stage the traditional 4th of July Parade in July 2015, with another "Home Town March" organized by the West Side Social Club to take place for the intervening 4th of July 2014. Ultimately, no Home Town March took place in 2014 due to Hurricane Arthur.
A more traditional 4th of July parade organized by a reformed Wakefield Independence Day Committee took place from 2015 to 2019, before being scrapped again in 2020 and 2021, this time due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The Wakefield Independence Day Committee has said it is planning a 2022 return, and the Wakefield Independence Day Parade was again held down North Avenue and Main Street on July 4, 2022, with the Connecticut Hurricanes and Cadets Drum and Bugle Corps serving as the penultimate and ultimate acts.
- ^ Wakefield, Massachusetts – Town Administrator. Retrieved July 2, 2015.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Wakefield, Massachusetts – Board of Selectmen. Retrieved July 2, 2015, May 4, 2017, October 13, 2020, October 30, 2021, and May 4, 2022.
- ^ Wakefield, Massachusetts – Town Clerk. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
- ^ a b Board of Selectmen Minutes – 2014 Archived 2015-02-05 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
- ^ Wakefield, Massachusetts – Town Counsel. Retrieved July 2, 2015.
- ^ a b c "Wakefield, Massachusetts Board of Selectmen Meeting Minutes – September 12, 2011" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 6, 2014. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
- ^ a b c "Wakefield, Massachusetts Board of Selectmen Meeting Minutes – May 23, 2011" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 6, 2014. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
- ^ a b c "Wakefield, Massachusetts Board of Selectmen Meeting Minutes – June 13, 2011" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 6, 2014. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
- ^ DHCD, Community Profiles - Wakefield Archived 2010-08-09 at the Wayback Machine, "Wakefield is situated in the Greater Boston Area...," accessed 12-1-08.
- ^ "Census - Geography Profile: Wakefield town, Middlesex County, Massachusetts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 29, 2021.
- ^ Our History. First Parish Congregational Church. fpccwakefield.com
- ^ Parker, Theodore, John Parker of Lexington and his Descendants, Showing his Earlier Ancestry in America from Dea. Thomas Parker of Reading, Mass. from 1635 to 1893, pp. 15–16, 468–470, Press of Charles Hamilton, Worcester, MA, 1893.
- ^ About Wakefield. wakefield.ma.us
- ^ Eaton, William E. Historical Sketches of Ancient Redding, Massachusetts, Vol. I, pp. 6, 6A, 20, 23, 30, 34, 114-5, Wakefield, MA, 1935.
- ^ Cutter, William Richard, Historic Homes and Places and Genealogical and Personal Memoirs Relating to the Families of Middlesex County, Massachusetts, p. 1860, Lewis Historical Publishing Co., New York, NY, 1908.
- ^ Parker, Theodore, John Parker of Lexington and his Descendants, Showing his Earlier Ancestry in America from Dea. Thomas Parker of Reading, Mass. from 1635 to 1893, pp. 21–36, Press of Charles Hamilton, Worcester, MA, 1893.
- ^ Parker, Augustus G., Parker in America, 1630–1910, pp. 5, 27, 49, 53–54, 154, Niagara Frontier Publishing Co., Buffalo, NY, 1911.
- ^ A Brief History Archived 2013-10-04 at the Wayback Machine. wakefieldhistory.org
- ^ William J. Lee Memorial Town Hall Archived 2011-10-21 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
- ^ Agenda – March 23, 2009 (verifies address). Archived August 11, 2014, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved May 5, 2012.
- ^ "About the Library & Lucius Beebe". Lucius Beebe Memorial Library.[permanent dead link]
- ^ a b c "Pleasure Island, Wakefield, Massachusetts: 1959–1969". Archived from the original on 2012-12-12. Retrieved 2012-05-05.
- ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- ^ Tree City USA – Recognized Cities – Massachusetts. Retrieved February 16, 2023.
- ^ Jacobi, Sara (May 27, 2011) "Wakefield Named "Tree City USA" For 10th Year Running". Retrieved February 16, 2023.
- ^ a b "Wakefield, MA Normal Temperatures and Precipitation". Retrieved Jan 15, 2011.
- ^ Latest snowfall totals from Blizzard 2013 Archived 2013-12-27 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
- ^ Snowfall totals: Who got what from blizzard. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
- ^ Sotnik, Kathryn; McKinley Becker, Kaitlin; Kelly, Tim. (August 23, 2020). 'Scariest Thing I've Ever Seen': Damage, Power Outages Reported in Wakefield After Severe Thunderstorms Roll Through Mass.. NECN.com Retrieved August 14, 2022.
- ^ "TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 13, 2011.
- ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision – GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 13, 2003. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts". 1950 Census of Population (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. pp. 21-10–21-11. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- ^ "1920 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1900, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- ^ "1890 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- ^ "1870 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- ^ a b c d e f American FactFinder – 2010 United States Census Results for Wakefield, Massachusetts
- ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ "Town Administrator's Report Going Live" – WickedLocal Archived 2013-08-01 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved March 21, 2013.
- ^ a b Sardella, Mark (July 6, 2018). "Mauro will be new assistant superintendent". The Wakefield Daily Item.
- ^ Wakefield, Massachusetts – Town Departments. Retrieved November 10, 2012, March 11, 2013, and January 18, 2018.
- ^ Town of Wakefield, Massachusetts – School Department. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
- ^ Town of Wakefield, Massachusetts – Veterans' Services Archived 2013-01-09 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved November 10, 2012.
- ^ Wakefield, Massachusetts – Town Council. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
- ^ a b Board of Selectmen Minutes – 2013 Archived September 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- ^ "2012 Election Tracker". patch.com. 4 January 2012. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
- ^ a b One Stop Election Info: Selectman Candidates – Wakefield, MA Patch. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
- ^ a b Joshua Stockbridge (February 12, 2013). "Board of Selectmen: Encarnacao won't seek re-election". WickedLocal Wakefield/Wakefield Observer. Retrieved May 28, 2013.[permanent dead link]
- ^ John Laidler (March 23, 2014). "Board of Selectmen race is lone contest on town election ballot". The Boston Globe. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
- ^ Sample Ballot. Retrieved April 1, 2016.
- ^ April 26, 2016 Election Results - Final. Retrieved May 2, 2016.
- ^ Tenorio, Rich (July 19, 2016). "Hull wins special election for Wakefield selectman". WickedLocal Wakefield. Retrieved July 21, 2016.
- ^ Sample Ballot - Spring 2017 Election Archived 2017-04-13 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved April 12, 2017.
- ^ Election Results - Annual Town Election. Retrieved May 1, 2017.
- ^ Wakefield Town Election Results – WickedLocal Wakefield. Retrieved April 25, 2018.
- ^ (Holmes, Bob). Longo Out, Chines In For Wakefield Town Council. Wakefield Patch. Published April 23, 2019. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
- ^ Town of Wakefield — Annual Town Election — June 23, 2020 — OFFICIAL RESULTS. Retrieved October 13, 2020.
- ^ Town of Wakefield – Annual Town Election – April 27, 2021 – OFFICIAL RESULTS. Retrieved October 30, 2021.
- ^ Carraggi, Mike (April 27, 2021). Wakefield Voters Say Yes To Logo, Some New Faces. Wakefield Patch. Retrieved October 30, 2021.
- ^ (April 27, 2022). Chines, McLane, and Vincent win Town Council seats. The Wakefield Daily Item front page at localheadlinenews.com. Retrieved May 4, 2022.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Town of Wakefield, Massachusetts – Finance Committee. Retrieved April 1, 2016, February 2, 2017, June 27, 2018, March 22, 2019, April 23, 2020, January 26, 2021, and August 14, 2022.
- ^ a b c d e f g Town of Wakefield, Massachusetts – Board of Appeals. Retrieved November 10, 2012, April 30, 2014, January 29, 2015, February 2, 2017, March 22, 2019, January 26, 2021, October 30, 2021, and January 14, 2023.
- ^ a b c Town of Wakefield, Massachusetts – Fence Viewers Committee. Retrieved August 24, 2018, March 22, 2019, December 8, 2020, and January 14, 2023.
- ^ a b Town of Wakefield – World War II Memorial Committee Archived 2014-08-11 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved November 10, 2012.
- ^ a b c Wakefield World War II Veterans Memorial Archived 2014-08-10 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved November 10, 2012.
- ^ Wakefield, Massachusetts — Board of Health. Retrieved March 22, 2019, April 23, 2020, January 26, 2021, and January 14, 2023.
- ^ a b Wakefield, Massachusetts – COVID-19 Dashboard at wakefield.ma.us. Retrieved October 30, 2021, January 11, 2022 and March 13, 2022.
- ^ MA COVID cases town by town at mass.gov. Retrieved March 29, 2021.
- ^ Massachusetts COVID-19 town-by-town map: Updated with latest data at wcvb.com Retrieved August 22, 2021.
- ^ MA COVID inoculation data town by town at mass.gov. Retrieved August 22, 2021.
- ^ Town of Wakefield – COVID-19 Info Hub. Retrieved January 24, 2023.
- ^ Wakefield Public Schools Archived 2012-09-15 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved November 10, 2012.
- ^ a b Town of Wakefield, Massachusetts – School Committee Retrieved January 22, 2021 and February 14, 2022.
- ^ a b School Committee — Wakefield Public Schools. Retrieved June 25, 2018. Archived May 7, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
- ^ Lyons chosen as Wakefield school superintendent – WickedLocal Wakefield. Retrieved June 26, 2018.
- ^ Wakefield Master Housing Plan, Town of Wakefield, Chapter 3, May 20, 2003 Archived September 30, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
- ^ "Home". WakefieldNation.com. Archived from the original on 2016-10-03. Retrieved 2022-08-07.
- ^ a b Valachovic, Adam. "Kicking Off the Holiday Gridiron Course Comes Before Turkey as Local Football Foes Continue Tradition", The Boston Globe, November 24, 2002. pg. 13.
- ^ Intercity League Baseball — Champions from 1960–2013. Retrieved June 9, 2013 and June 2, 2014. Archived June 6, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
- ^ INTERCITY LEAGUE PLAYOFF CHAMPIONS FROM 1960–2021. Retrieved July 31, 2022.
- ^ Steven Ryan (April 26, 2013). "July 4 parade canceled this year, volunteers needed for revival". WickedLocal Wakefield/Wakefield Observer. Archived from the original on December 8, 2013. Retrieved November 16, 2013.
- ^ William Laforme (June 30, 2013). "Complete Schedule of Wakefield's 4th of July activities". Retrieved November 16, 2013.
- ^ Steven Ryan (April 2, 2014). "4th of July parade aims for 2015 return". Retrieved June 2, 2014.
- ^ Parade postponed to 2022. (January 4, 2021). Retrieved July 13, 2021.
- ^ "WCNA-Festival". www.wcna.org. Archived from the original on 1 December 2010. Retrieved 22 February 2022.
- ^ Chace, Rebecca (January 8, 2023). "Russell Banks, Novelist Steeped in the Working Class, Dies at 82". The New York Times. Retrieved January 11, 2023.
- ^ Hatch, Lee Ann (March 10, 2011). "4th Annual Wakefield High School Alumbi Foundation Hall of Fame". Wakefield Patch. Retrieved January 11, 2023.
- ^ Goodin-Smith, Oona (January 19, 2021). "What to know about Rachel Levine, the history-making Pa. health official tapped for Biden administration". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
- ^ Sonneborn, Liz (2014-05-14). A to Z of American Indian Women. Infobase Publishing. p. 215. ISBN 9781438107882.
- Dutton, E.P. Chart of Boston Harbor and Massachusetts Bay with Map of Adjacent Country. Published 1867. A good map of roads and rail lines from Wakefield to Boston and surrounding area.
- Walling & Gray. 1871 Atlas of Massachusetts. see 1871 Map of Middlesex County Plate 44–45 which shows Wakefield and its roads and rail lines.
- History of the Town of Reading, including the Present Towns of Wakefield, Reading and North Reading with Chronological and Historical Sketches from 1639 to 1874. By Lilley Eaton, 815 pages, published 1874.
- History of Wakefield (Middlesex county) Massachusetts, compiled by William E. Eaton and History committee. Published under the direction and authority of the Tercentenary committee of the town of Wakefield, Massachusetts. published 1944.
- History of Middlesex County, Massachusetts, by Samuel Adam Drake, published 1880, Volume 2. Page 399 Wakefield by Chester W. Eaton. Page 270 Reading by Hirum Barrus and Carroll D. Wright. Page 259 North Reading.
- American Wicker: Woven Furniture from 1850 to 1930 By Jeremy Adamson, Kit Latham, Published 1993 by Rizzoli.
- Vital Records of Wakefield, Massachusetts, to the Year 1850 Compiled by Thomas W. Baldwin 1912.
- Wakefield: 350 years by the lake : an anniversary history / compiled by the Wakefield 350 Writing Committee; edited by Nancy Bertrand, 1994.
- Wakefield (Images of America series) / by Nancy Bertrand; Arcadia Press, 2000.
- A completed century, 1826–1926; the story of Heywood-Wakefield Company / Heywood-Wakefield Company, 1926.
- Town of Wakefield official website
- Old USGS maps of Wakefield Archived 2007-10-18 at the Wayback Machine