He was born in Bromsgrove on 24 August 1864 the son of a bank manager. He was educated at Bromsgrove School then Mason Science College in Birmingham (where he was the first geological pupil under Charles Lapworth) and then the Royal College of Science in London. From 1889 to 1891 he did geological work in South Africa in the Rand goldfields and from 1891 to 1893 worked in East Africa.
In 1893 he returned to Britain and obtained a post at HM Geological Survey where he rose to the level of Assistant Director. His main tasks involved mapping the coalfields of Wales and the Midlands.
He retired in 1925 and died in Cambridge 28 November 1941.
- The Geology of Coal and Coal-Mining
- Coal in Great Britain
- The Geology of the North Staffordshire Coalfields (1905)
several articles of African origin in the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica
He married Annie Olive Landon in 1895 but they did not have children.
- Jones, O. T. (1943). "Walcot Gibson. 1864-1941". Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society. 4 (12): 271–226. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1943.0002.
- BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF FORMER FELLOWS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF EDINBURGH 1783 – 2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN 0 902 198 84 X.
- MacGregor, M. (1942). "Dr. Walcot Gibson, F.R.S". Nature. 149 (3770): 132. doi:10.1038/149132a0.
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