Town hall in Waldbröl
|• Mayor||Peter Köster (CDU)|
|• Total||63.02 km2 (24.33 sq mi)|
|Elevation||200 - 400 m (−1,100 ft)|
|• Density||300/km2 (790/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
- 1 Geography
- 2 History of the community Waldbröl
- 3 The coat of arms of Waldbröl
- 4 Facilities
- 5 Twin towns
- 6 Places of interest and buildings
- 7 Population of Waldbröl
- 8 Schools of the town
- 9 Personalities
- 10 Churches
- 11 Associations and facilities
- 12 Literature
- 13 References
The city lies on the slopes of the Nutscheid and is part of the Naturpark Bergisches Land. The city of Cologne lies about 50 kilometers west of Waldbröl.
The localities of the municipality Waldbröl
Waldbröl is much larger than all its surrounding municipalities and is thus the main shopping and service centre. Clockwise, from the north, starting from the Reichshof, are the areas of Morsbach, Windeck, Ruppichteroth and Nümbrecht.
Besides the town centre with its 11,000 inhabitants, there are 64 separate districts:
|A||Alfenzingen - Altehufen|
|B||Baumen - Bech - Bettenhagen - Bettingen - Biebelshof – Bladersbach – Bohlenhagen - Brenzingen - Bröl - Brölerhütte - Bruchhausen|
|D||Dahl - Dickhausen - Diepenthal - Diezenkausen - Drinhausen|
|G||Geilenkausen - Geiningen - Großenseifen - Grünenbach - Grunewald|
|H||Hahn – Happach - Heide - Helten - Helzen - Herfen - Hermesdorf – Hillesmühle - Hochwald - Hoff - Hufen|
|N||Neuenhähnen - Niederhausen - Niederhof|
|P||Propach - Puhl – Pulvermühle|
|R||Rölefeld - Romberg - Rossenbach – Rottland - Ruh|
|S||Schnörringen - Schönenbach - Seifen - Spurkenbach|
|V||Vierbuchen - Vierbuchermühle|
|W||Wehn - Wies - Wilkenroth - Wippenkausen|
History of the community Waldbröl
The first attestation of Waldbröl was in 1131 when the town's name was mentioned in "the Papal possession confirmation for the inhabitant of Bonner St. Cassiusstift".
Originally the town's name appeared as Waltprugele.
In 1131 the place was mentioned as Waltprugele in a Papal possession confirmation for the pencil Saint Cassius in Bonn. Pope Innozenz II confirmed the possession of the church and the tenth in Waldbröl in the document. The settlement belonged to this time to the county mountain. In 1131 it was begun with the construction of a new church whose steeple stands even today (Protestant church).
In 1174 Waldbröl came to the rule Homburg them the counts of Sayn belonged. However, the possession relations between the counts of Berg and from Sayn were always argumentative. The first citizen of Waldbröl was mentioned in 1212 when the priest Wolradu resident here in a document made to donations to the abbey Michael's mountain. In 1261 the knight's genders were called by Isengarten, in 1300 from Diezenkausen and in 1323 by Beuinghausen the first time. They were long time ministerial of the counts of Sayn and from Berg and had received from the counts in the area of the today's town fief possession.
In 1314 experienced Waldbröl a plague epidemic and a big famine. The first today's districts of Waldbröl were mentioned in 1316. Till 1575 almost all today's districts on a map are mentioned by Arnoldus Mercator. By the Siegburger comparison Waldbröl falls to the dukedom mountain and is slammed to the office Windeck. When Johann Wilhelm, the last duke died of Jülich Kleve mountain, in 1609, the Wittelsbacher dukedom received Pfalz-Neuburg in the contract from Xanten Berg and with it also Waldbröl ascribed. The town was a head of the district authority seat of the Prussian administrative district existing from 1816 to 1932 Waldbröl.
D.H Lawrence in Waldbröl
The big English novelist D H Lawrence, at that time, admittedly, still almost absolutely unknown, came in May, 1912 with the Brölbähnchen in Waldbröl. He visited his cousin Hannah Krenkow who lived as a woman of the justice secretary at the Waldbröl district court, Karl Krenkow, in the today's house Hartmann in the high street and had invited him. He took part here in a rainy Ascension procession, observed sluggish ox's teams and wrote numerous letters to Frieda von Richthofen who had left because of him just her man, and worked on the novel "Sons and Lovers" („sons and lovers“) which appeared next year and founded the worldwide fame of his author. After two-week-long stay Lawrence travelled on to Munich. In his last letter from Waldbröl from the 23rd of May, 1912 he wrote: „I will come back later to Waldbröl. It is simply excellent here.“ A year later visited emperors Wilhelm II. Waldbröl, and from the high street became Kaiserstrasse.
In the Third Reich
Waldbröl was the native country of Robert Ley. This wanted to make from Waldbröl the „biggest town between Cologne and Kassel“., Among the rest, so-called "national tractor works", an „Adolf of Hitler's school“ and a hotel of the KdF which was almost finished as only were planned. The number of inhabitants should rise on up to 300,000. Moreover, an underground, barracks, a theatre, a cinema as well as a highway binding should originate. The plannings ran up to the autumn, 1944, nevertheless, got stuck on account of the war development and Leys to dwindling sphere of influence in the main features. Merely the topographic investigations of the garden and scenery creator Wilhelm Heintz who was involved before already in the development of the town plans of the "town of the Hermann's Göring works" (Salzgitter) and the "town of the KdF carriage" (Wolfsburg) were concluded to a great extent. From few established constructions remained up to some construction ruins only the KdF hotel which served after the war as a hospital, then of the armed forces and since in 2006 stands empty.
After the second war
In 1957 Waldbröl received the town right. Since 1990 it became an aim of strong immigration of (Late) emigrants from the Soviet Union or the CIS. Till 2000 the international alliance offered lessons in German in Waldbröl, Denklingen and Eckenhagen; at least 3,000 immigrants became only new citizens from Waldbröl. This process was supported among other things by the fact that Horst Waffenschmidt resident in Waldbröl of 1988-98 emigrant's representatives of the Federal Government was.
The coat of arms of Waldbröl
The town coat of arms which is entitled to lead Waldbröl since 1952 is described in §2 Paragraph 2 of the main statute of the city: The coat of arms points in golden field on green ground by which a silver brook flows, a black oak tree with green page turning and fruit. On the right beside the tree a silver scutellum with a brought down blue plowshare, on the left a silver scutellum with a red twice skipped is blue reinforced and crowned lion. The plowshare symbolizes the historical meaning of the agriculture in this only late industrialized region. The lion was the heraldic animal of the Grafen zu Berg and is widespread as such still today in whole complete Bergischen country. The brook symbolizes the brook Waldbröl arising with Escherhof which changes its name to Brölbach in the other course and when such flows into the Sieg. One supposes that Bröl signifies so much like "marsh" and could call "Waldbröl, hence, " marsh in the wood ".
- District Hospital
- District court
- Centre for a Buddhist religious community, in the former armed forces academy is the European Institute of Applied Buddhism, The EIAB. 20 monks and 30 nuns live there the apprenticeship of the Zen Master Thich Nhat Hanh. He is valid as the best known Buddhist after the Dalai Lama.
Places of interest and buildings
Memorials and monuments
1863 the monument was established (for Prussia king Friedrich Wilhelm III in the Protestant church. The monument donated circle Waldbröl on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the elevation of the Prussian state.
The inscription is: Dem Könige Friedrich Wilhelm III. der Kreis Waldbröl - 17.3.1863
Population of Waldbröl
Schools of the town
- Community-elementary school Isengarten
- Community-elementary school Wiedenhof
- Community-secondary modern school Waldbröl
- Comprehensive school Waldbröl
- Hollenberg high school Waldbröl
- Business school of the Oberbergischen Kreis, Waldbröl
- Secondary modern school Waldbröl
- Roseggerschule, school for educational handicapped - special school-
- Nursing school hospital of Waldbröl
- Occupational lecture Oberberg
Born in Waldbröl
- Anton Wilhelm von Zuccalmaglio, music scientist and composer
- Malek Jandali, pianist
- Marianne Roetzel, sculptor
- Ernst Wille - painter
- Hermann Pampus (1900–1973), sportsman and town fire chief
- Jan Schlaudraff, football player at Hannover 96
Occasionally lived in Waldbröl
- Dr. Horst Waffenschmidt, politician - CDU
- Manfred Melzer Roman Catholic suffragan bishop of Cologne, from 1989 to 1995 priest in Waldbröl
- Dr. Robert Ley, politician in the Nazi era, lived long on the estate Rottland
Lives in Waldbröl at the moment
- Ferdi Huik - the bergische Landbote - member in the family table inhabitant of Cologne carnival. Television appearances and broadcasting company appearances
- Chris Roberts pop singer
Cattle and Stuffmarket, Stadtfest (Big Fair), Autumn fair, Martin Market, Christmas Market and many other events
- Protestant parish church Waldbröl
- Catholic parish church Waldbröl
- Apostolate municipality of the combined hearts Jesus and Marien e. V.
- Christian's Mennonites
- Christian meeting
- Protestant Christians Baptists e. V.
- Free Protestant municipality
- Islamische Moschee
- New Apostolic Church
Associations and facilities
- Village community Boxberg
- Village community Brenzingen
- Embellishment association box mountain
- Of transport u. Verschönerungsv. Waldbröl e. V.
- Waldbröler MGV 1862 e. V
- Zither circle Waldbröl
- Song circle Waldbröl
- Badminton club Waldbröl
- Chess association Waldbröl in 1928 e. V
- Swimming association Waldbröl in 1935/59 e. V.
- Handicap sport community Waldbröl
- TuS 06 Waldbröl e. V.
- Tennis friends " in the chimney "
- Town sport organization Waldbröl
- Outdoor sport association Waldbröl soccer
- Association of German sheepherds
- Otto Budde, Waldbröl - wie es wurde, was es ist, Gummersbach 1981
- Otto Budde, Das Dorf der Väter, Gummersbach 1987
- Gottfried Corbach, Geschichte von Waldbröl, Cologne 1973