Waldemar, Margrave of Brandenburg-Stendal
|Margrave of Brandenburg-Stendal|
|Spouse(s)||Agnes of Brandenburg|
|Noble family||House of Ascania|
|Father||Conrad, Margrave of Brandenburg-Stendal|
|Mother||Constance of Greater Poland|
|Died||14 August 1319
Waldemar the Great (German: Waldemar der Große; c. 1280 – 14 August 1319), a member of the House of Ascania, was Margrave of Brandenburg-Stendal from 1305 until his death. He became sole ruler of the Margraviate of Brandenburg upon the death of his cousin Margrave John V of Brandenburg-Salzwedel in 1317.
He was a son of Margrave Conrad of Brandenburg-Stendal and his wife Constance, daughter of the Piast duke Przemysł I of Greater Poland. Waldemar was co-regent from 1302, and succeeded in 1309 as a guardian for his minor cousin Henry II of Brandenburg-Stendal.
After the Teutonic takeover of Danzig (Gdańsk), Waldemar by the 1309 Treaty of Soldin relinquished his claims on the lands of Pomerelia (Gdańsk Pomerania) east of the Łeba River to the Teutonic Knights for a payment of 10,000 silver Mark. The castle districts Schlawe and Stolp remained with Brandenburg. These countries, however, were given, together with the Swienca residence of Rügenwalde, to Duke Wartislaw IV of Pomerania in 1317.
In 1316 he supported Stralsund against Denmark and thereby provoked a large coalition of Denmark, Sweden, Poland, Mecklenburg and the Welfs against himself. He held his position but in the end had to surrender Stargard-Neubrandenburg to Mecklenburg. In 1319 Waldemar acquired Zuellichau and Schwiebus for Brandenburg.
Waldemar was the last governing member of the Brandenburg line of the Ascanian House. In 1309 he married Agnes of Brandenburg (1296–1334), a daughter of Margrave Hermann III. This marriage was childless.
With the death of Waldemar's ward Henry II the Brandenburg branch of the Ascanian House died out in 1320, and Brandenburg fell back to the Empire.
In 1348, an impostor dubbed "False Waldemar" successfully claimed that he was Waldemar, returning from pilgrimage to the Holy Land after somebody else had been buried in his place. Quickly gaining support due to rivalries, the Emperor reinvested him for about two years before "the last Ascanian" spend his remaining life at the court in Dessau.