Waldorf salad

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Waldorf salad
Waldorfsalat.jpg
A Waldorf salad with green grapes and whole walnuts
Course Appetizer
Place of origin United States
Region or state New York
Created by Oscar Tschirky
Serving temperature Chilled
Main ingredients Apples, celery, mayonnaise, walnuts, grapes
Variations Poultry, dried fruit (raisins, dates), yogurt dressing, zest of citrus

A Waldorf salad is a fruit and nut salad generally made of fresh apples, celery, grapes and walnuts, dressed in mayonnaise, and served on a bed of lettuce as an appetizer or a light meal.[1]

History[edit]

The name comes from the fact that the Waldorf salad was first created for a charity ball given in honor of the St. Mary’s Hospital for Children on March 14, 1896[2] at the Waldorf-Astoria hotel in New York City.[3][4] Oscar Tschirky, who was the Waldorf's maître d'hôtel, and who developed or inspired many of its signature dishes, is widely credited with creating the recipe. In 1896, the salad appeared in The Cook Book by "Oscar of the Waldorf".[5]

The original recipe was just apples, celery, and mayonnaise.[6] It did not contain nuts, but they had been added by the time the recipe appeared in The Rector Cook Book in 1928.[7]

In popular culture[edit]

The dish is featured prominently in an eponymous episode of the sitcom Fawlty Towers on the BBC.[8]

Modern versions[edit]

Other ingredients, such as chicken, turkey, and dried fruit (e.g. dates or raisins) are sometimes added.[9] Updated versions of the salad sometimes change the dressing to a seasoned mayonnaise or a yogurt dressing. A variation known as an "Emerald Salad" replaces celery with cauliflower. The modern Waldorf salad also may include the zest of oranges and lemons.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Judith Weinraub (15 November 2016). Salad: A Global History. Reaktion Books. pp. 89–. ISBN 978-1-78023-705-3. 
  2. ^ Nan Lyons (1 March 1990). New York City 1990. Bantam. ISBN 978-0-553-34845-3. 
  3. ^ Janet Clarkson (24 December 2013). Food History Almanac: Over 1,300 Years of World Culinary History, Culture, and Social Influence. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. pp. 245–. ISBN 978-1-4422-2715-6. 
  4. ^ "The History of Waldorf Salad". Kitchen Project. Retrieved 2007-09-20. 
  5. ^ Andrew F. Smith (26 November 2013). New York City: A Food Biography. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. pp. 155–. ISBN 978-1-4422-2713-2. 
  6. ^ "The History of Waldorf Salad". www.kitchenproject.com. Retrieved 2018-02-24. 
  7. ^ Andrew F. Smith (28 October 2013). Food and Drink in American History: A "Full Course" Encyclopedia [3 Volumes]: A "Full Course" Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. pp. 774–. ISBN 978-1-61069-233-5. 
  8. ^ Albert Jack (2 September 2010). What Caesar Did For My Salad: The Secret Meanings of our Favourite Dishes. Penguin Books Limited. pp. 168–. ISBN 978-0-14-192992-7. 
  9. ^ Andrew F. Smith (17 November 2015). Savoring Gotham: A Food Lover's Companion to New York City. Oxford University Press. pp. 628–. ISBN 978-0-19-939702-0.