Wales, South Yorkshire
St. John the Baptist church
|Area||10.29 km2 (3.97 sq mi)|
|Population||1,260 (2011 census) Civil parish: 7,069|
|• Density||122/km2 (320/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Wales is a village and a civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham in South Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, it borders to the south Derbyshire and is astride the M1 motorway. The civil parish of Wales, which has a population of 6,455, increasing to 7,069 at the 2011 Census, encompasses the village and neighbouring settlement Kiveton Park.
Wales shares its name with the country of Wales, and the derivation may well be the same if it bears the same Anglo Saxon (and Germanic) root meaning Romanised foreigner(s). A term used to refer to those in the western regions of the Roman Empire (see: Etymology of Wales). The suggestion, therefore, is that there was a continued Celtic presence here, that was distinctively Roman, following the arrival of the Anglo-Saxons at the turn of the 6th century. An alternative explanation suggests that the settlement's name may be derived from the word Waelas, meaning "field of battle". The earliest reference to Wales is in 1002, when Wulfric Spot, a Saxon thegn, is recorded as owning Walesho.
The collieries at Waleswood and Kiveton Park historically provided employment in the area, including to migrants from Wales' namesake country, until Kiveton Park Colliery was closed in September 1994.
Waleswood is a small hamlet located to the north-west of Wales. Historically the hamlet was known for Waleswood Hall, and later Waleswood Colliery, which also featured a railway station. Much of the former colliery site is now occupied by the Gulliver's Valley theme park.
Wales Bar is another hamlet, located to the west of Wales. The village contains typical 20th Century miners housing, with many of the former occupants working in the surrounding collieries at Waleswood and Brookhouse.
The village of Wales itself is located at approximately sea level. It lies on the A618 and B6059 roads. The M1 motorway bisects the parish, while the southern boundary is partly marked by the Chesterfield Canal whose Norwood Tunnel runs under meadowland to the south. To the west of the village is Rother Valley Country Park., at an elevation of around 300 feet (100 m) above
Education and employment
Education in Wales is provided by Wales Primary School and Wales High School. The industrial estate at Wales Common continues to be a large source of employment (not least the food manufacturer Greencore Prepared Foods) & LuK, part of the multi-national manufacturing group producing clutch & automotive parts.
- UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Wales Parish (E04000122)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
- "Wales namesakes: The country and the Yorkshire village". BBC News. Retrieved 25 August 2018.
- "Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Rotherham". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 August 2009.
- Wales is made up of four output areas in the Wales ward http://www.ukcensusdata.com/wales-e05001035#sthash.Dj7dOifD.QR4CsRRh.dpbs
- Record Series (Yorkshire Archaeological Society). Yorkshire Archaeological Society. 1898.
- "Kiveton Park & Wales History Society - Buildings & Architecture". www.kivetonwaleshistory.co.uk. Retrieved 14 December 2020.
- "Schaeffler United Kingdom | Worldwide | Locations | List". Schaeffler UK. Retrieved 2 January 2018.