Wales, South Yorkshire

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Wales
Wales, St John The Baptist - geograph.org.uk - 235481.jpg
St. John the Baptist church
Wales is located in South Yorkshire
Wales
Wales
Wales shown within South Yorkshire
Population7,069 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid referenceSK480829
Civil parish
  • Wales
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSHEFFIELD
Postcode districtS26
Dialling code01909
PoliceSouth Yorkshire
FireSouth Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
EU ParliamentYorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°20′N 1°17′W / 53.33°N 1.29°W / 53.33; -1.29Coordinates: 53°20′N 1°17′W / 53.33°N 1.29°W / 53.33; -1.29

Wales is a village and a civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham in South Yorkshire, England.[2] Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, it is on the border of South Yorkshire and Derbyshire. The civil parish of Wales, which has a population of 6,455,[3] increasing to 7,069 at the 2011 Census.[1] encompasses the village of Wales and neighbouring settlement Kiveton Park. The actual settlement of Wales has a 2011 population of 588.[4]

History[edit]

Wales shares its name with the country of Wales, and the derivation may well be the same: the name Wales coming from a Germanic root meaning foreigner and Roman. The suggestion, therefore, is that there was a continued Celtic presence here following the arrival of the Anglo-Saxons at the turn of the 6th century. An alternative explanation suggests that the settlement's name may be derived from the word Waelas, meaning "field of battle".[2] The earliest reference to Wales is in 1002, when Wulfric Spot, a Saxon thegn, is recorded as owning Walesho.

Sir William Hewet, Lord Mayor of London in 1559, was born in Wales, and his descendants, the Dukes of Leeds, would come to dominate the area.

The collieries at Waleswood and Kiveton Park historically provided employment in the area, including to migrants from Wales' namesake country, until Kiveton Park Colliery was closed in September 1994.[2]

Geography[edit]

The village of Wales itself is located at approximately 53°20′30″N 1°16′45″W / 53.34167°N 1.27917°W / 53.34167; -1.27917, at an elevation of around 1,000 feet above sea level. It lies on the A618 and B6059 roads. The M1 motorway bisects the parish, while the southern boundary is partly marked by the Chesterfield Canal whose Norwood Tunnel runs under meadowland to the south. To the west of the village is Rother Valley Country Park.

Education and employment[edit]

Education in Wales is provided by Wales Primary School and Wales High School. The industrial estate at Wales Common continues to be a large source of employment (not least the food manufacturer Greencore Prepared Foods) & LuK, part of the multi-national manufacturing group producing clutch & automotive parts.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Wales Parish (1170210928)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  2. ^ a b c "Wales namesakes: The country and the Yorkshire village". BBC News. Retrieved 25 August 2018.
  3. ^ "Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Rotherham". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 August 2009.
  4. ^ Wales is made up of two output areas: E00039269 and E00039274 in the Wales ward http://www.ukcensusdata.com/wales-e05001035#sthash.Dj7dOifD.QR4CsRRh.dpbs
  5. ^ "Schaeffler United Kingdom | Worldwide | Locations | List". Schaeffler UK. Retrieved 2 January 2018.

External links[edit]