Walgoolan, Western Australia
|Elevation||329 m (1,079 ft)|
|LGA(s)||Shire of Westonia|
|State electorate(s)||Central Wheatbelt|
Originating as a railway siding on the main eastern railway Walgoolan was established in between 1895 and 1899. Land was set aside for a townsite in 1913 and lots were surveyed in 1922. The townsite was gazetted in 1923.
The name of the town is Aboriginal in origin and means place where the short bushes grow.
Nearly 100 settlers took up land in the area following World War I which were cleared and planted with cereal crops mostly wheat. The town was a thriving community with five schools, tennis courts, a cricket club, Country Women's Association and Wheat Growers Union.
Tenders for the construction of a brick and cement Hall in the town were called for in 1926 The Hall was opened and being used for recitals and other community events the following year. The Westonia Road board held a referendum among the ratepayers to decide whether £500 of funding should be used to purchase the Hall. The proposal was carried by a large majority.
In 1932, 30,000 emus migrated to the farm land around Walgoolan and nearby Chandler, ravaging crops and destroying fences. The Australian military was deployed to fight these emus at the request of the farmers, attempting to lower the population of emus with machine guns. The conflict was named the Emu War, and resulted with the failure of the Australian army.
The Great Depression and a succession of droughts took their toll on the area and by 1940 only one shop was left and the townsite was abandoned soon after. By 2010 only 10 families remain in the district.
A gazebo was erected in the town in 2010 to commemorate the early settlers and launch the book East of the Fence; the gazebo contains historic photographs and a list of the names of the pioneers.
- Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of country town names – W". Retrieved 20 April 2011.
- "Advertising". The West Australian. Perth: National Library of Australia. 25 October 1926. p. 1. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
- "Advertising". Western Mail. Perth: National Library of Australia. 25 August 1927. p. 28. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
- "Rural Interests". The West Australian. Perth: National Library of Australia. 14 August 1928. p. 7. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
- "Country elevators". The West Australian. Perth: National Library of Australia. 6 July 1932. p. 10. Retrieved 6 April 2013.
- "Walgoolan-Jilbadgee Memorial Gazebo". 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2011.