Walima (Arabic: وليمة walīmah), or the marriage banquet, is the second of the two traditional parts of an Islamic wedding. The walima is performed after the nikah (Arabic: نكاح) or marriage ceremony. The word valima is derived from awlama, meaning to gather or assemble. It designates a feast in Arabic. valima is used as a symbol to show domestic happiness in the household post-marriage. While valima is often used to describe a celebration of marriage, it is also held to celebrate the birth of a newborn and the purchase of a new home. As per shariat, Walima only takes place where the groom and bride resides.
Debate: The Time of Walima
Scholars have different views on what the correct time of walima is. The timing varies by culture and opinion; for example some believe it should take place:
- at the time of the wedding contract (nikah)
- after nikah and prior to consummation
- at the time of the wedding procession (Ibn Hajar, Fath al-Bari, 9/287)
- after consummation.
Other uses of Walima
Walima in literal translation means "to assemble" and is used to describe an assembly or party celebrating major life events. Walima is essentially interchangeable with American and English terms such as: wedding reception or celebration (when held to celebrate a marriage), birthday party (when held to celebrate the birth of a newborn), or housewarming party (when held to celebrate the purchase of a new home). Similarly, walima is generally interchangeable with other languages/cultures terms that essentially mean to assemble for the purposes of celebrating a marriage, newborn, or new home. While it is an Arabic term, it is not necessarily a term reserved for Muslims per se, as the word simply describes the event that is to be celebrated.