List of North American horse breeds

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This is a list of horse breeds usually considered to originate or have developed in Canada and the United States. Some may have complex or obscure histories, so inclusion here does not necessarily imply that a breed is predominantly or exclusively from those countries.

Breed name Notes Image
American Bashkir Curly[1]: 434 
American Belgian Draft[1]: 434 
American Cream Draft[1]: 434 
American Crème Horse[1]: 434 
American Drum Horse[1]: 434 
American Indian Horse[1]: 434 
American Miniature Horse[1]: 434 
American Mustang[1]: 434  see Mustang
American Paint Horse[1]: 435 
American Quarter Horse[1]: 435 
American Saddlebred[1]: 435 
American Shetland Pony[1]: 435 
American Sorraia Mustang[1]: 435  see Sorraia
American Sport Pony[1]: 435  see North American Sportpony
American Standardbred (American Trotter)[1]: 436  see Standardbred
American Thoroughbred[1]: 436  see Thoroughbred
American Walking Pony[1]: 436 
American Warmblood[1]: 436 
American White Horse[1]: 436 
Appaloosa[1]: 438 
Appaloosa Pony[1]: 438  See Pony of the Americas
Assateague horse[1]: 452  see Chincoteague Pony
Banker horse[1]: 442 
Blazer horse[1]: 445 
Camarillo White Horse[1]: 448 
Canadian horse[1]: 449 
Canadian Pacer[1]: 449 
Canadian Rustic Pony[1]: 449 
Carolina Marsh Tacky[1]: 449 
Cerbat mustang[1]: 450, 457 
Chickasaw Horse[1]: 451 [2] see Florida Cracker Horse#Chickasaw horse
Chincoteague Pony[1]: 452 
Choctaw horse[1]: 453 
Colonial Spanish Horse[1]: 455 
Colorado Ranger[1]: 457 
Conestoga Horse[1]: 443  extinct
Cumberland Island Horse[1]: 459 
Florida Cracker Horse[1]: 466 
Georgian Grande Horse[1]: 468  see Friesian Sporthorse
Kentucky Mountain Saddle Horse[1]: 479 
Kiger mustang[1]: 480 
Lac La Croix Indian Pony[1]: 481 [3] Also Lac La Croix pony, Lac La Croix Indigenous Pony, Ojibwe pony
Missouri Fox Trotter[1]: 486 
Morab[1]: 487 
Morgan Horse[1]: 487 
Morocco Spotted[1]: 487  see American Saddlebred[4]
Mountain Pleasure Horse
Mustang[1]: 488 
Narragansett Pacer[1]: 488  extinct
National Show Horse[1]: 488 
National Spotted Saddle Horse[1]: 488  See Spotted Saddle Horse
Newfoundland Pony[3]
Nez Perce Horse[1]: 489 
Nokota horse[1]: 490 
Pony of the Americas[1]: 497 
Pryor Mountain Mustang
Quarab[1]: 497 
Quarter Horse[1]: 497  see American Quarter Horse
Quarter Pony[1]: 435 
Racking Horse[1]: 497 
Rocky Mountain Horse[1]: 498 
Sable Island Pony[1]: 499 
Spanish Jennet Horse[1]: 477 
Spanish Barb[2]
Spanish Mustang[2]
Spotted Saddle Horse
Standardbred[1]: 436 
Tennessee Walking Horse[1]: 507 
Tiger Horse[1]: 508 
Virginia Highlander[1]: 472 
Walkaloosa derives from Tennessee Walking Horse and Appaloosa, displays leopard spots and ambling gait[1]: 512 
Welara[1]: 512 


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn Valerie Porter, Lawrence Alderson, Stephen J.G. Hall, D. Phillip Sponenberg (2016). Mason's World Encyclopedia of Livestock Breeds and Breeding (sixth edition). Wallingford: CABI. ISBN 9781780647944.
  2. ^ a b c Breed data sheet: United States of America: Horse. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed February 2019.
  3. ^ a b Breed data sheet: Canada: Horse. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed February 2019.
  4. ^ "History of NASDHA". The North American Spotted Draft Horse Association. Retrieved 2 July 2023.