Photo: Erlend Bjørtvedt
|Nickname(s): "Where People Come to Play"|
Location of Walker
within Cass County and state of Minnesota
|• Total||2.47 sq mi (6.40 km2)|
|• Land||2.47 sq mi (6.40 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,316 ft (401 m)|
|• Estimate (2013)||928|
|• Density||381.0/sq mi (147.1/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0658881|
The area was inhabited for thousands of years by succeeding cultures of indigenous peoples. Before European settlement, the Ojibwe moved into the area from the Great Lakes, pushing out the historic Dakota peoples, such as the Assiniboine and Hidatsa. European American settlers followed the early fur traders and trappers, and encroached on Native American territories.
Following the construction of the railroad to the area, Patrick McGarry founded Walker in 1896. He named the settlement after the logging giant Thomas B. Walker, in hopes of luring construction of a sawmill. Thomas B. Walker instead chose to found and set up operations in nearby Akeley, because of his wife's moral objection to the bars and brothels in Walker, a rough frontier town. Walker developed with business, jobs and other services generated by four other logging companies.
Tourism later grew as a service industry. In the twentieth century, people from urban areas came to more rural areas for recreation associated with lakes, fishing, hunting and water sports. The city reached its peak of population in 1950.
In 1907, Walker became the home of the Ah-Gwah-Ching Center, first constructed as a residential facility for tuberculosis (TB) patients, who at the time could be treated only with good nutrition and rest. By 1927, it had 300 patients. The large facility had its own farm and dairy herd, the patients and staff put on skits and produced a newspaper, and it had its own railroad depot at one time. During the Great Depression, it was a site for display of art produced by artists paid by the Works Progress Administration, and has the largest WPA art collection in the state. In 1962, the facility was adapted as a state nursing home for psychiatric patients. The complex is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Walker is located on the southwest corner of Leech Lake, the third largest lake in Minnesota. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.47 square miles (6.40 km2), all of it land. Nearby cities and towns include Hackensack, Akeley, Whipholt, Laporte, Bemidji, and Onigum. The latter is one of eleven communities that make up the Leech Lake Indian Reservation.
|Climate data for Walker, Minnesota|
|Average high °F (°C)||17
|Average low °F (°C)||−2
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||0.7
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2010, there were 941 people, 452 households, and 205 families residing in the city. The population density was 381.0 inhabitants per square mile (147.1/km2). There were 605 housing units at an average density of 244.9 per square mile (94.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.0% White, 7.2% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.
There were 452 households of which 21.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.4% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 54.6% were non-families. 48.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 23.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.93 and the average family size was 2.82.
The median age in the city was 49 years. 19.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.9% were from 25 to 44; 24.9% were from 45 to 64; and 30.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 44.5% male and 55.5% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,069 people, 449 households, and 258 families residing in the city. The population density was 734.3 people per square mile (282.7/km²). There were 517 housing units at an average density of 355.1 per square mile (136.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.59% White, 0.09% African American, 8.98% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.28% from other races, and 1.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.03% of the population.
There were 449 households out of which 24.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.7% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.5% were non-families. 39.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.86.
In the city the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 24.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $33,125, and the median income for a family was $44,063. Males had a median income of $31,324 versus $25,435 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,079. About 8.0% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.3% of those under age 18 and 14.7% of those age 65 or over.
Walker Public Schools are part of the Walker-Hackensack-Akeley School District. Schools in the district include Walker-Hackensack-Akeley Elementary School and Walker-Hackensack-Akeley High School (WHA). Boyd McLarty is currently serving as the interim Superintendent of Schools.
KCCW-TV is a full power station licensed to Walker on channel 12 with transmitter located east of Hackensack on Woman Lake Road (Cass County Road 5). It does not originate programing but rebroadcasts WCCO-TV with no local input. Walker also has several translators from stations KMSP-TV, KARE-TV, and KSAX-TV.
Cable and satellite television signals are also available.
- FM radio
- 88.5 Minnesota Public Radio (MPR)
- 92.5 KXKK
- 94.7 KSKK
- 97.5 KDKK
- 99.1 KLLZ-FM Z99 Classic Rock
- 101.9 KQKK
- 102.5 KKWB-FM
- 104.3 KLKS
- AM radio
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-07-14.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Andris Straumanis, "Ah-Gwa-Ching", Minnesota Public Radio, July 26, 2004. Retrieved March 8, 2012
- "Historical weather for Walker, Minnesota USA". Retrieved January 8, 2009.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "Walker Hackensack Akeley Schools". Walker Hackensack Akeley Schools. Retrieved 2012-06-26.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Walker, Minnesota.|
- Leech Lake Area Chamber of Commerce
- Ancient Stone Tools Found; May Be Among Americas' Oldest. Stefan Lovgren for National Geographic News. February 15, 2007
- History of Walker and Leech Lake
- Leech Lake Ojibwe