Walker County, Alabama

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Walker County, Alabama
Walker County Courthouse.jpg
Walker County Courthouse in Jasper
Map of Alabama highlighting Walker County
Location in the U.S. state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded December 26, 1823[1]
Named for John Williams Walker
Seat Jasper
Largest city Jasper
Area
 • Total 805 sq mi (2,085 km2)
 • Land 791 sq mi (2,049 km2)
 • Water 14 sq mi (36 km2), 1.7%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 64,967
 • Density 85/sq mi (33/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.walkercounty.com

Footnotes:  

  • County Number 64 on Alabama Licence Plates

Walker County is a county in the U.S. state of Alabama.[1] As of the 2010 census, the population was 67,023.[2] Its county seat is Jasper.[3] Its name is in honor of John Williams Walker, a member of the United States Senate.[1]

Walker County is included in the Birmingham-Hoover, AL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Walker County was established on December 26, 1823, and formed from sections of Marion and Tuscaloosa counties.[1] It was named after Senator John Walker, who represented Alabama in the U.S. Senate from 1819 to 1822.[1] The county was greatly reduced in size on February 12, 1850, when its northern half became the county Winston. Jasper is the county seat, named after William Jasper, a Revolutionary War hero from South Carolina.[1]

National Register of Historic Places[edit]

Walker County has sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places. They include the Bankhead House, Boshell's Mill, the First United Methodist Church of Jasper, the Gilchrist House, the Jasper Downtown Historic District, the Stephenson House, and Walker County Hospital.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 805 square miles (2,080 km2), of which 791 square miles (2,050 km2) is land and 14 square miles (36 km2) (1.7%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 2,202
1840 4,032 83.1%
1850 5,124 27.1%
1860 7,980 55.7%
1870 6,543 −18.0%
1880 9,479 44.9%
1890 16,078 69.6%
1900 25,162 56.5%
1910 37,013 47.1%
1920 50,593 36.7%
1930 59,445 17.5%
1940 64,201 8.0%
1950 63,769 −0.7%
1960 54,211 −15.0%
1970 56,246 3.8%
1980 68,660 22.1%
1990 67,670 −1.4%
2000 70,713 4.5%
2010 67,023 −5.2%
Est. 2016 64,967 [6] −3.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790–1960[8] 1900–1990[9]
1990–2000[10] 2010–2016[2]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 70,713 people, 28,364 households, and 20,478 families residing in the county. The population density was 89 people per square mile (34/km2). There were 32,417 housing units at an average density of 41 per square mile (16/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.15% White, 6.17% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.31% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. Nearly 0.86% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

In 2000 the largest reported ancestry groups in Walker County, AL were:

There were 28,364 households, out of which 30.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them; 56.30% were married couples living together, 11.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.80% were non-families. 25.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46, and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.50% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 25.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,076, and the median income for a family was $35,221. Males had a median income of $31,242 versus $20,089 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,546. About 13.20% of families and 16.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.00% of those under age 18 and 17.40% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2010, there were 67,023 people, 26,571 households, and 18,741 families residing in the county. The population density was 85 people per square mile (33/km2). There were 30,816 housing units at an average density of 38 per square mile (15/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 91.2% White, 5.9% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.0% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Nearly 2.0% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 26,571 households, out of which 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them; 52.0% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.5% were non-families. 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49, and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 28.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.8 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,191, and the median income for a family was $45,788. Males had a median income of $43,671 versus $27,662 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,516. About 14.7% of families and 18.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.5% of those under age 18 and 12.4% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Walker County vote
by party in presidential elections [13]
Year GOP DNC Others
2016 82.3% 24,266 15.3% 4,497 2.4% 709
2012 75.7% 21,651 22.9% 6,557 1.3% 377
2008 72.3% 20,722 25.9% 7,420 1.8% 510
2004 67.6% 19,167 31.8% 9,016 0.7% 184
2000 52.6% 13,486 45.3% 11,621 2.1% 534
1996 39.4% 9,837 51.8% 12,929 8.7% 2,173
1992 38.3% 11,301 50.2% 14,831 11.5% 3,402
1988 48.5% 11,011 50.0% 11,338 1.6% 351
1984 54.1% 12,852 44.6% 10,591 1.3% 310
1980 38.5% 8,795 59.7% 13,616 1.8% 417
1976 31.2% 7,389 68.5% 16,232 0.4% 89
1972 78.8% 14,581 20.1% 3,724 1.1% 202
1968 13.6% 2,628 10.2% 1,971 76.3% 14,786
1964 58.4% 8,582 41.6% 6,110
1960 40.3% 5,463 59.8% 8,109 0.0% 0
1956 40.1% 5,179 59.3% 7,661 0.6% 79
1952 33.5% 3,490 65.8% 6,862 0.8% 80
1948 30.7% 1,852 69.3% 4,176
1944 32.5% 2,241 66.9% 4,619 0.7% 47
1940 25.2% 2,007 74.5% 5,940 0.3% 24
1936 22.7% 1,699 76.1% 5,697 1.2% 88
1932 24.9% 1,583 74.3% 4,734 0.9% 54
1928 46.2% 3,635 53.8% 4,228 0.0% 0
1924 39.9% 2,446 54.6% 3,351 5.6% 341
1920 47.8% 4,488 50.0% 4,703 2.2% 208
1916 43.3% 1,860 53.8% 2,314 3.0% 127
1912 24.6% 881 57.7% 2,063 17.7% 631
1908 44.7% 1,367 53.3% 1,632 2.0% 62
1904 37.9% 1,024 60.7% 1,639 1.4% 39

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Rail[edit]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

Walker County is home to the William B. Bankhead National Forest and Lewis Smith Lake, in addition to the Alabama Mining Museum.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "ACES Walker County Office" (links/history), Alabama Cooperative Extension System (ACES), 2007, webpage: ACES-Walker.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 17, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 22, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 22, 2015. 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 22, 2015. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-08-13. 
  13. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 21, 2016. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°48′13″N 87°17′52″W / 33.80361°N 87.29778°W / 33.80361; -87.29778