Walkern

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Walkern
Walkern High Street. - geograph.org.uk - 118536.jpg
Walkern High Street
Walkern is located in Hertfordshire
Walkern
Walkern
Location within Hertfordshire
Population1,541 (2011 Census including Ardeley)[1]
OS grid referenceTL363292
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSTEVENAGE
Postcode districtSG2
Dialling code01438
PoliceHertfordshire
FireHertfordshire
AmbulanceEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Hertfordshire
51°55′N 0°08′W / 51.92°N 0.13°W / 51.92; -0.13Coordinates: 51°55′N 0°08′W / 51.92°N 0.13°W / 51.92; -0.13

Walkern is a village and civil parish in East Hertfordshire, England. It is about two miles from Stevenage.

The village has several shops, including a convenience store, a hair and beauty salon, a craft shop, a shop that features homestyle products, a tea shop, a drum shop, a petrol station and Walkern Gallery near the White Lion public house. Other pubs include the Yew Tree.[2] The village also has a primary school, doctors' surgery, recreation ground and a range of seasonal clubs; according to the time of year there is cricket, football and many other clubs based in the Walkern Sports and Community Centre towards the end of the village near the War Memorial and opposite a former watermill.

History[edit]

The River Beane, a chalk stream, crosses the village street of Church End at a ford. It was used to power watermills, a 19th-century example is still to be seen downstream at the other end of the village.[3]

The village appears as 'Walchra' in the Domesday Book of 1086. The name is believed to come from the Old English wealc-ærn, ‘a fulling mill’.[4] These facilities were sometimes known as ‘walk mills’ (wealc-ærn means ‘walk-house’) and were watermills where cloth was thickened by being pounded. However, there is not any other evidence for a mill at Walkern before the 12th century. The Domesday Book records mills at other sites on the Beane, such as Sele Mill, but does not mention a mill at Walkern. A possible explanation for this is that the mills it records elsewhere were usually flour-mills, as these were a source of revenue for the lord of the manor.[4]

Parish church[edit]

The parish church of St Mary the Virgin is one of the oldest churches in Hertfordshire, with a Saxon wall and rare chalk rood (crucifix) dating to the mid-10th century.

People from Walkern[edit]

William de Lanvalei[edit]

William de Lanvallei, also known as William de Lanvalei, was lord of Walkern in the early 13th century. He was one of the men designated as enforcers of Magna Carta. William died a couple of years after the great charter was formally granted by King John at Runnymede on 15 June 1215.[5]

Legacy[edit]

There is an effigy in Walkern church, made from Purbeck Marble, which may be that of William.[6] At the time of the 800th anniversary of the Magna Carta, Walkern has twinned with Lanvallay in Brittany through the connection with this baron.[7]

Jane Wenham[edit]

Walkern is noted as the home of Jane Wenham, who in 1712 was the last woman in England to be convicted of witchcraft and condemned to death (although the sentence was not carried out).[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 25 October 2016.
  2. ^ "Walkern Inns & Public Houses, Hertfordshire".
  3. ^ Walkern Mill
  4. ^ a b Fitzpatrick-Matthews (2020). "Walkern". Retrieved 12 March 2022.
  5. ^ "The Magna Carta Barons".
  6. ^ Nigel, Saul. "William de Lanvallei". Magna Carta Trust. Retrieved 16 March 2022.
  7. ^ "Twinning with Lanvallay". Walkern History Society.
  8. ^ "Jane Wenham: The Witch of Walkern". www.walkernhistorysociety.co.uk. Archived from the original on 28 July 2013.

External links[edit]