Walkerton, Ontario

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Walkerton
Town
Town Hall in Walkerton
Town Hall in Walkerton
Walkerton is located in Southern Ontario
Walkerton
Walkerton
Location in southern Ontario
Coordinates: 44°07′52″N 81°09′02″W / 44.13111°N 81.15056°W / 44.13111; -81.15056Coordinates: 44°07′52″N 81°09′02″W / 44.13111°N 81.15056°W / 44.13111; -81.15056
Country Canada
Province Ontario
CountyBruce County
MunicipalityBrockton
Area
 • Total8.74 km2 (3.37 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total4,967
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Postal code span
Area code(s)519, 226
Hartley House Hotel in Walkerton, Ontario

Walkerton is a Town in the Canadian province of Ontario, located within and governed by the municipality of Brockton. It is the site of Brockton's municipal offices and the county seat of Bruce County. It is located on the Saugeen River, at the junction of King's Highway 9 and formerly King's Highway 4 and is 75 km southwest of Owen Sound. As of 2011, the town had 4,967 people in the community.[2]

On January 1, 1999, Walkerton became part of the Municipality of Brockton. The town is notable for the 2000 Walkerton E. coli outbreak.

History[edit]

Walkerton was originally part of Brant County and was first settled in 1849 by William Jasper and Edward Boulton who farmed to the east of the river. Other settlers from the same era included John Lundy, Moses Stewart and Thomas Bilkie who farmed to the west of the river. Joseph Walker arrived from Ireland in 1850 and is considered one of the founders of Walkerton. He built both saw mills and flour mills, surveyed the area into a town plot and encouraged businesses to locate here. Years later, Walker was the reeve of Brant for several terms, and was elected as the first mayor or Walkerton.[2]

Although Walkerton was never incorporated as a village, it became a town in 1871, with a population of just under 1000. That increased to 2,604 by 1881, and to 3,061 by 1891 thanks to the arrival of the railroad which enabled the locals to ship their grain. The population dropped to 2,971 by 1901.[2]

2000 fatal water supply contamination[edit]

The Walkerton E. coli outbreak was the result of a contamination of the drinking water supply of Walkerton, Ontario, Canada, with E. coli and Campylobacter jejuni bacteria. The water supply was contaminated as a result of improper water treatment following heavy rainfall in late April and early May 2000, that had drawn bacteria from the manure of nearby cattle used to fertilize crops into the shallow aquifer of a nearby well. The first reported case was on May 17. The contamination caused gastroenteritis and sickened more than 2,000 people and resulted in six deaths.

Subsequently, Associate Chief Justice of Ontario, Dennis O'Connor launched an inquiry into the outbreak, called the Walkerton Inquiry. Walkerton Public Utilities Commission operators Stan and Frank Koebel, neither of whom had any formal training, were sentenced on December 20, 2004, after pleading guilty to charges of common nuisance stemming from the contamination—Stan to one year in jail, and Frank to nine months house arrest. As a result, stricter water treatment guidelines were put in place by the government.

Sports[edit]

Walkerton is home to a Junior C hockey team, the Walkerton Hawks, and a Senior A hockey team, the Walkerton Capitals.

Education[edit]

Walkerton has two high schools: Walkerton District Community School (K–12), and Sacred Heart High School. Walkerton also has an elementary school, St. Teresa of Calcutta Catholic School.

Notable people[edit]

  • Tubby Schmalz (1916–1981), Canadian ice hockey administrator, first commissioner of the Ontario Major Junior Hockey League[3]
  • Andrew Clyde, United States Representative
  • Samuel Lewis Honey, VC, DCM, MM (9 February 1894 – 30 September 1918) was a soldier in the Canadian Expeditionary Force, and posthumous recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest military award for gallantry in the face of the enemy given to British and Commonwealth forces, during the First World War. Honey was a graduate of Walkerton District High School.
  • David Milne, considered to be one of Canada's foremost painters, was a graduate of Walkerton District High School.
  • William Bertram (January 19, 1880 – May 1, 1933) Hollywood actor and film director during the silent-film era
  • Canadian National softball player and two-time Olympian Alison Bradley was almost a graduate of Walkerton District Secondary School.
  • Singer-songwriter Esthero lived in Walkerton.
  • Laryssa Biesenthal, Canadian rower
  • Matilda Dodge Wilson (October 19, 1883 – September 19, 1967) was born in Walkerton to George and Margaret Rausch (née Glinz). Around 1885, they moved to Detroit. Matilda would marry auto pioneer John Francis Dodge and become one of the wealthiest women in the world after his death. With her second husband, she built the National Historic Landmark Meadow Brook Hall in 1929 and founded Oakland University on her estate.
  • Jeannette Durno (1879-1963), pianist and music educator based in Chicago; born in Walkerton

Trivia[edit]

The town was rumoured to have been placed in the Guinness World Records for having a church on each corner of the jail and courthouse complex. This is proven, and it has been covered by Ripley's Believe It or Not!.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and population centres, 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population. Retrieved 2013-05-07.
  2. ^ a b c "History of the County of Bruce Ontario Canada".
  3. ^ "Town Reeve, Widely Known In Hockey, "Tubby" Schmalz Dies". The Walkerton Herald-Times. Walkerton, Ontario. December 10, 1981. p. 1.
  4. ^ "Walkerton & District Chamber of Commerce: History". 2006. Retrieved 2008-06-08.

External links[edit]