Wallace (New Zealand electorate)

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Wallace was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was established in 1858, the first election held in 1859, and existed until 1996. For a time, it was represented by two members. In total, there were 18 Members of Parliament from the Wallace electorate.

Population centres[edit]

The initial 24 New Zealand electorates were defined by Governor George Grey in March 1853, based on the New Zealand Constitution Act 1852 that had been passed by the British government. The Constitution Act also allowed the House of Representatives to establish new electorates, and this was first done in 1858, when four new electorates were formed by splitting existing electorates.[1] Wallace was one of those four electorates, and it was established by splitting the Dunedin Country electorate.[2] Settlements in the initial area were Invercargill, Gore, Mataura, and Riverton.[3]

This electorate was in the rural part of Southland.

History[edit]

The first election was held on 30 November 1859 during the term of the 2nd New Zealand Parliament, and was won by Dillon Bell.[4]

For the term of the 3rd New Zealand Parliament (1861–66), it was a two-member electorate. From 1866 to its dissolution in 1996, it was a single-member electorate.[5]

In 1938 additional areas added from Central Otago and the West Coast made Wallace the biggest (non-Māori) electorate in New Zealand.[6]

In the 1996 election, the first MMP election, the electorate was combined with the adjacent Clutha electorate into the Clutha-Southland electorate.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key

 Independent    Liberal    Reform    National  

Single-member electorate
Election Winner
1859 election Dillon Bell
Multi-member electorate
Election Winners
1861 election Dillon Bell Walter Mantell
Single-member electorate
Election Winner
1866 election Alexander McNeill
1st 1869 by-election Cuthbert Cowan
2nd 1869 by-election George Webster
1871 election
1875 by-election Christopher Basstian
1875 election James Joyce
1879 election Henry Hirst
1881 election Theophilus Daniel
1884 election Henry Hirst
1887 election Samuel Hodgkinson
1890 election James Mackintosh
1893 election
1896 election Michael Gilfedder
1899 election
1902 election John Thomson
1905 election
1908 election
1911 election
1914 election
1919 election Adam Hamilton
1922 election John Thomson
1925 election Adam Hamilton
1928 election
1931 election
1935 election
1938 election
1943 election
1946 election Tom Macdonald
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election Brian Talboys
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election
1972 election
1975 election
1978 election
1981 election Derek Angus
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election Bill English
1993 election
(Electorate abolished 1996)

Election results[edit]

1931 election[edit]

General election, 1931: Wallace[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Adam Hamilton 5,408 67.82 +18.49
Independent Peter Gilfedder[8] 2,566 32.18
Majority 2,842 35.64 +35.41
Informal votes 72 0.89 -0.19
Turnout 8,046 82.31 -9.39
Registered electors 9,775

1899 election[edit]

General election, 1899: Wallace[9][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Michael Gilfedder 1,896 53.06 +26.73
Conservative Allen Carmichael 1,677 46.94
Majority 219 6.13 3.71
Turnout 3,573 78.05 1.46
Registered electors 4,578

1896 election[edit]

General election, 1896: Wallace[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Michael Gilfedder 756 26.33
Liberal Rev. Thomas Neave[12] 640 22.29
Conservative Hugh Valentine 585 20.38
Conservative Henry Hirst 487 16.96
Liberal James Mackintosh 403 14.04
Majority 116 4.04
Registered electors 3,927

1890 election[edit]

General election, 1890: Wallace[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Mackintosh 675 44.47
Conservative Samuel Hodgkinson 497 32.74
Independent Henry Hirst 346 22.79
Majority 178 11.72
Turnout 1,518 54.31
Registered electors 2,795

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 29.
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 29f.
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 31.
  4. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 183.
  5. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 275.
  6. ^ "Alterations to Wallace Electorate" (4347). Lake Wakatip Mail. 11 January 1938. p. 5. 
  7. ^ The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 5. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  8. ^ "Declaration of Result of Poll for the Electoral District of Wallace". Otautau Standard and Wallace County Chronicle. XXVII (1349). 15 December 1931. p. 2. Retrieved 15 March 2015. 
  9. ^ "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 3. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  10. ^ "Orepuki". Otago Witness (2385). 23 November 1899. p. 34. Retrieved 11 March 2014. 
  11. ^ "Otago". Auckland Star. XXVII (305). 23 December 1896. p. 6. Retrieved 7 January 2014. 
  12. ^ Cyclopedia Company Limited (1905). "The Rev. Thomas Neave". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Otago & Southland Provincial Districts. Christchurch: The Cyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 7 January 2014. 
  13. ^ "The General Election, 1890". National Library. 1891. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.