Wallace County, Kansas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Wallace County
Wallace County courthouse in Sharon Springs (2010)
Wallace County courthouse in Sharon Springs (2010)
Map of Kansas highlighting Wallace County
Location within the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 38°45′52″N 101°34′33″W / 38.7644°N 101.5758°W / 38.7644; -101.5758
Country United States
State Kansas
Founded1868
Named forW. H. L. Wallace
SeatSharon Springs
Largest citySharon Springs
Area
 • Total914 sq mi (2,370 km2)
 • Land914 sq mi (2,370 km2)
 • Water0.05 sq mi (0.1 km2)  0.01%
Population
 • Total1,512
 • Density1.7/sq mi (0.7/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional district1st
WebsiteWallaceCounty.net
"Mount Sunflower," the highest point in Kansas, is located in Wallace County

Wallace County (standard abbreviation: WA) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. Its county seat is Sharon Springs.[2] As of the 2020 census, the county population was 1,512,[1] making it the second-least populous county in Kansas (Greeley County is the least). The county was created in 1868 and named in honor of Brigadier general W.H.L. Wallace who was a veteran of the Mexican–American War and a casualty of the Battle of Shiloh. Wallace County is home to Mount Sunflower, the highest point in Kansas at 4,039 feet (1,231 meters). Mount Sunflower is located approximately 15 miles (24 km) north-northwest of Weskan, less than one mile (1.6 km) from the Colorado state line. It is one of four Kansas counties to observe Mountain Standard Time rather than Central Standard Time like the remainder of Kansas.

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century[edit]

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1868, Wallace County was established.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 914 square miles (2,370 km2), of which 914 square miles (2,370 km2) is land and 0.05 square miles (0.13 km2) (0.01%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870538
188068627.5%
18902,468259.8%
19001,178−52.3%
19102,759134.2%
19202,424−12.1%
19302,88218.9%
19402,216−23.1%
19502,50813.2%
19602,069−17.5%
19702,2157.1%
19802,045−7.7%
19901,821−11.0%
20001,749−4.0%
20101,485−15.1%
20201,5121.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
1790-1960[5] 1900-1990[6]
1990-2000[7] 2010-2020[1]
Age pyramid

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 1,749 people, 674 households, and 477 families residing in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km2). There were 791 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 94.63% White, 0.63% Black or African American, 0.80% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 2.52% from other races, and 1.26% from two or more races. 4.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 674 households, out of which 33.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.60% were married couples living together, 4.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.20% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 29.10% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 23.60% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 18.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 99.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,000, and the median income for a family was $42,022. Males had a median income of $25,610 versus $18,333 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,016. About 10.70% of families and 16.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.50% of those under age 18 and 12.70% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

Presidential Elections Results
Presidential Elections Results[9]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2020 93.3% 762 5.4% 44 1.3% 11
2016 90.4% 721 5.8% 46 3.9% 31
2012 90.1% 719 8.5% 68 1.4% 11
2008 85.8% 690 11.9% 96 2.2% 18
2004 84.7% 742 12.8% 112 2.5% 22
2000 85.6% 737 12.0% 103 2.4% 21
1996 76.2% 738 16.5% 160 7.2% 70
1992 63.7% 679 15.4% 164 20.9% 223
1988 69.6% 655 27.3% 257 3.1% 29
1984 83.0% 838 15.1% 152 2.0% 20
1980 78.3% 811 16.1% 167 5.6% 58
1976 52.8% 600 42.7% 486 4.5% 51
1972 73.2% 782 20.0% 214 6.7% 72
1968 61.5% 608 23.8% 235 14.7% 145
1964 50.7% 516 48.7% 496 0.6% 6
1960 68.2% 727 31.8% 339 0.0% 0
1956 72.7% 684 26.7% 251 0.6% 6
1952 78.8% 945 20.8% 249 0.4% 5
1948 58.2% 637 40.1% 439 1.7% 18
1944 70.8% 720 28.7% 292 0.5% 5
1940 67.1% 756 32.0% 361 0.9% 10
1936 56.7% 658 42.4% 492 1.0% 11
1932 40.3% 561 54.6% 761 5.1% 71
1928 66.2% 738 31.9% 356 1.9% 21
1924 53.7% 603 15.2% 171 31.1% 349
1920 70.4% 632 22.6% 203 7.0% 63
1916 39.5% 381 51.5% 497 9.0% 87
1912 15.2% 81 28.5% 152 56.4% 301
1908 59.3% 350 34.9% 206 5.8% 34
1904 84.0% 278 11.8% 39 4.2% 14
1900 66.3% 212 31.9% 102 1.9% 6
1896 59.3% 181 40.7% 124 0.0% 0
1892 55.9% 377 44.1% 297
1888 65.7% 412 31.6% 198 2.7% 17

Wallace has long been one of the most overwhelmingly Republican of all the state's counties. Only two Democratic presidential nominees have ever won Wallace County – Woodrow Wilson in 1916 and Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932. Since 1944 only three Democratic presidential candidates have won 31 percent of Wallace County's vote – Harry S. Truman in 1948, Lyndon Johnson in 1964 and Jimmy Carter in 1976 – whilst since 1980 only Michael Dukakis during the drought-affected 1988 election has obtained so much as seventeen percent for the Democratic Party. Indeed, in the 2016 election Hillary Clinton recorded less than six percent of the county's vote, whilst the last six Republican nominees have all exceeded 80 percent. In the 2012, 2016, and 2020 elections, Wallace was the only county in Kansas to give over 90% of the vote to the Republican nominee, namely Mitt Romney followed by Donald Trump.

Laws[edit]

Although the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 to allow the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with the approval of voters, Wallace County has remained a prohibition, or "dry", county, one of only three such counties remaining in the state.[10]

Education[edit]

Unified school districts[edit]

Communities[edit]

Map of Wallace County from KDOT (map legend)

Cities[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Townships[edit]

Wallace County is divided into four townships. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the townships include those of the cities. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km2 (/sq mi)
Land area
km2 (sq mi)
Water area
km2 (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Harrison 30450 85 0 (1) 210 (81) 0 (0) 0% 38°45′53″N 101°34′34″W / 38.76472°N 101.57611°W / 38.76472; -101.57611
Sharon Springs 64400 Sharon Springs 1,096 1 (3) 885 (342) 0 (0) 0% 38°54′12″N 101°45′3″W / 38.90333°N 101.75083°W / 38.90333; -101.75083
Wallace 74775 Wallace 175 0 (1) 488 (188) 0 (0) 0.01% 38°58′15″N 101°33′35″W / 38.97083°N 101.55972°W / 38.97083; -101.55972
Weskan 76700 Weskan 393 1 (1) 784 (303) 0 (0) 0.01% 38°53′8″N 101°56′10″W / 38.88556°N 101.93611°W / 38.88556; -101.93611

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "QuickFacts; Wallace County, Kansas; Population, Census, 2020 & 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 21, 2021. Retrieved August 21, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
  5. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
  6. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
  7. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
  8. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  9. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  10. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties" (PDF). Kansas Department of Revenue Alcoholic Beverage Control. December 30, 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 4, 2020. Retrieved November 4, 2020.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

County
Maps

Coordinates: 38°55′N 101°46′W / 38.917°N 101.767°W / 38.917; -101.767