Wallasey (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Wallasey in Merseyside.
Location of Merseyside within England.
|Electorate||65,732 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Wallasey, Seacombe, New Brighton, Liscard, Leasowe and Moreton|
|Member of Parliament||Angela Eagle (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Wirral (parts of) and Birkenhead|
|European Parliament constituency||North West England|
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 History
- 3 Constituency profile
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
1918-1950: The County Borough of Wallasey.
1950-1983: As prior but with redrawn boundaries.
1983-2010: The Metropolitan Borough of Wirral wards of Leasowe, Liscard, Moreton, New Brighton, Seacombe, and Wallasey. The constituency boundaries remained unchanged.
2010–present: The Metropolitan Borough of Wirral wards of Leasowe and Moreton East, Liscard, Moreton West and Saughall Massie, New Brighton, Seacombe, and Wallasey. The constituency boundaries remained unchanged.
The constituency covers the town of Wallasey, at the north of the Wirral Peninsula, which comprises the six areas: Wallasey Village, Seacombe, Egremont, Liscard, New Brighton and Poulton, as well as Moreton and Leasowe. It is one of four constituencies covering the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral.
- Minor 2010 boundary reform and abortive proposals
The Boundary Commission initially proposed the abolition in its 2005 draft review: Wallasey was to have been linked with sections of the city of Liverpool in a cross-river constituency.[n 3] The areas are linked only by a road tunnel under the river Mersey. Following opposition from political parties, local MPs and local residents, the sub-plan was dropped. The change made was the omission of a 40 electors' sub-neighbourhood from formerly shared ward: Hoylake and Meols in favour of Wirral West.
The seat was created under the Representation of the People Act 1918.
- Summary of results
Angela Eagle of the Labour Party gained the Wallasey seat in 1992. Eagle has achieved an absolute majority (plurality) of votes since the 1997 general election inclusive. The 2015 result made the seat the 39-safest of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.
The seat was Conservative until 1992, with a three-year exception during World War II when represented by an ex-mayor who had been in both the Labour and Conservative parties. Increasing unemployment in the area saw the Conservative vote decline throughout the 1980s in local and general elections, only retaining Moreton West & Saughall Massie and Wallasey wards on the local level into the 2010s, with the remaining wards such as Leasowe and Seacombe safely Labour.
- Opposition parties
A Conservative candidate has been runner-up since 1992. Weaker in Wallasey than national average, in 2015 the candidate from UKIP, Caton, amassed +8.8% swing.[n 4] Liberal Democrat, Brown, lost 11.3% of the vote in that year, whereas nationally the party suffered a record -15.2% swing. Neither Brown nor his Green Party counterpart achieved more than 5% of the vote thereby forfeiting their deposits.
Turnout has ranged from 82.6% in 1992 to 57.5% in 2001 — elections at which Angela Eagle was elected, and the latter election saw record-low turnout nationwide.
Rt Hon Ernest Marples was Postmaster General while running the telephone network run by the General Post Office, Marples introduced subscriber trunk dialling, which eliminated the compulsory use of operators on national phone calls. On 2 June 1957, Marples brought in British postcodes and made the first draw for the new Premium Bonds. Marples was Minister of Transport (1959-1964).
Angela Eagle was Exchequer Secretary to the Treasury for two years then Minister for Pensions and Ageing Society for a year at the close of the Brown Ministry, before becoming in opposition Shadow Chief Secretary to the Treasury until October 2011, when in the general Shadow Cabinet reshuffle of Ed Miliband, she succeeded the Rt Hon Hilary Benn as Shadow Leader of the House of Commons. She unsuccessfully stood for Deputy Leadership of the Labour Party in 2015 and subsequently was appointed as Shadow Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills by Jeremy Corbyn.
Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 higher than the national average of 3.8% and regional average of 4.4%, at 5.1% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Paul Childs||772||1.6||-0.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Kris Brown||1,011||2.3||-11.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Steve Pitt||5,693||13.7||+0.9|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Joanna Pemberton||4,770||13.0||+1.8|
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Reisdorf||4,186||11.2||+2.9|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Reisdorf||3,899||8.3||+0.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Neil Thomas||4,177||7.7||−7.9|
|Natural Law||Geoffrey Gay||105||0.2||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+3.8|
Elections in the 1980s
|Social Democratic||Jonathan Richardson||8,363||15.6||−6.0|
|Social Democratic||Jonathan Richardson||10,717||21.6|
Elections in the 1970s
|National Front||John Fishwick||491||0.92|
|National Front||John Fishwick||787||1.47|
|Labour||Clarence J Wells||21,172||39.22|
|Liberal||David J Evans||5,577||10.33|
|Anti-Common Market||John D Hill||2,946||5.46|
Elections in the 1960s
|Labour||Ronald G Truman||22,312||42.56|
Elections in the 1950s
|Labour||William T Clements||19,319||36.55|
|Labour||John London Hindle||18,989||31.97|
|Liberal||Arthur Ward Jones||6,507||10.95|
Elections in the 1940s
|Labour Co-op||Thomas Findley||9,879||22.99|
|Independent||Leonard Harrison Cripps||1,597||8.1|
|Independent gain from Conservative||Swing|
Another general election was in normal circumstances required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;
- Conservative: John Moore-Brabazon
- Liberal: Robert Forster
Elections in the 1930s
Elections in the 1920s
|Labour||John H. Warren||8,634||27.6||−20.8|
Elections in the 1910s
|Liberal||J. M. Hay||4,055||15.3||N/A|
|NFDDSS||T. D. Owen||3,407||12.9||N/A|
|Unionist win (new seat)|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Proposed to contain the Liverpool wards of Everton and Kirkdale and the four Wirral wards Wallasey, New Brighton, Seacombe and Liscard.
- UKIP's swing nationally was +9.5% in 2015
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Wirral and City to share MP, Liverpool Echo, 10 March 2004
- Cross-river ward set to be declared a non-starter, Liverpool Echo, 15 June 2005
- Cross-Mersey constituency ditched, BBC News, 15 June 2005, accessed 16 May 2010
- List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- Arthur, Charles (7 October 2009). "Who would really benefit of postcode data were free?". The Guardian. Retrieved 31 October 2011.
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 1)
- "General Election 2017: who is standing for election". Liverpool Echo. 11 May 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Wallasey". BBC News. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig