Wallasey (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Wallasey in Merseyside.
Location of Merseyside within England.
|Electorate||65,732 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Angela Eagle (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||North West England|
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 History
- 3 Constituency profile
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
The constituency covers the town of Wallasey, at the north of the Wirral Peninsula, which comprises the six areas: Wallasey Village, Seacombe, Egremont, Liscard, New Brighton and Poulton, as well as Moreton and Leasowe. It is one of four constituencies covering the Metropolitan Borough.
The seat is formed from six electoral wards of the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral:
- Leasowe and Moreton East, Liscard, Moreton West and Saughall Massie, New Brighton, Seacombe, Wallasey.
History of boundaries
The Boundary Commission initially proposed the abolition in its 2005 draft review: Wallasey was to have been linked with sections of the city of Liverpool in a cross-river constituency.[n 3] The areas are linked only by a road tunnel under the river Mersey. Following opposition from political parties, local MPs and local residents, the plan was dropped. The change made was the omission of a 40 electors' sub-neighbourhood from the only formerly shared ward: Hoylake and Meols which since before the 2010 election is in Wirral West.
The seat was created under the Representation of the People Act 1918.
The seat was a Conservative seat until 1992, with a three-year exception during World War II when represented by an ex-mayor who had been in both the Labour and Conservative parties. Increasing unemployment in the area saw the Conservative vote decline throughout the 1980s in the local and general elections, with them now holding only Moreton West and Saughall Massie and Wallasey itself on the local council, with Angela Eagle of the Labour Party gaining the national constituency in 1992, and has held it comfortably since then.
Rt Hon Ernest Marples was Postmaster General while running the telephone network run by the General Post Office, Marples introduced subscriber trunk dialling, which eliminated the compulsory use of operators on national phone calls. On 2 June 1957, Marples brought in British postcodes and made the first draw for the new Premium Bonds. Marples was Minister of Transport (1959-1964).
Angela Eagle was Exchequer Secretary to the Treasury for two years then Minister for Pensions and Ageing Society for a year at the close of the Brown Ministry, before becoming in opposition Shadow Chief Secretary to the Treasury until October 2011, when in the general Shadow Cabinet reshuffle of Ed Miliband, she succeeded the Rt Hon Hilary Benn as Shadow Leader of the House of Commons. She unsuccessfully stood for Deputy Leadership of the Labour Party in 2015 and subsequently was appointed as Shadow Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills by Jeremy Corbyn.
Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 higher than the national average of 3.8% and regional average of 4.4%, at 5.1% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Kris Brown||1,011||2.3||-11.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Steve Pitt||5,693||13.7||+0.9|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Joanna Lesley Pemberton||4,770||13.0||+1.8|
|UKIP||Philip William Barrington Griffiths||840||2.3||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Reisdorf||4,186||11.2||+2.9|
Elections in the 1990s
|Conservative||Madelaine Patricia Wilcock||11,190||23.9||−18.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Reisdorf||3,899||8.3||+0.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Neil Ronald Lindley Thomas||4,177||7.7||−7.9|
|Green||Sally Victoria Davis||680||1.3||N/A|
|Natural Law||Geoffrey Norman Walter Gay||105||0.2||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+3.8|
Elections in the 1980s
|Social Democratic||Jonathan Kent Richardson||8,363||15.6|
|Social Democratic||Jonathan Kent Richardson||10,717||21.6|
Elections in the 1970s
|National Front||John Fishwick||491||0.92|
|National Front||John Fishwick||787||1.47|
|Conservative||Alfred Ernest Marples||24,283||44.99|
|Labour||Clarence J Wells||21,172||39.22|
|Liberal||David J Evans||5,577||10.33|
|Anti-Common Market||John D Hill||2,946||5.46|
Elections in the 1960s
|Conservative||Alfred Ernest Marples||22,901||43.69|
|Labour||Ronald G Truman||22,312||42.56|
|Liberal||David Thomas Gruffydd Evans||7,207||13.75|
|Conservative||Alfred Ernest Marples||24,784||46.00|
|Liberal||David Thomas Gruffydd Evans||10,432||19.36|
Elections in the 1950s
|Conservative||Alfred Ernest Marples||35,567||63.44|
|Conservative||Alfred Ernest Marples||33,537||63.45|
|Labour||William T Clements||19,319||36.55|
|Conservative||Alfred Ernest Marples||37,423||63.28|
|Labour||Frederick Frank Jarvis||21,718||36.72|
|Conservative||Alfred Ernest Marples||33,904||57.08|
|Labour||John London Hindle||18,989||31.97|
|Liberal||Arthur Ward Jones||6,507||10.95|
Elections in the 1940s
|Conservative||Alfred Ernest Marples||18,448||42.94|
|Independent||George Leonard Reakes||14,638||34.07|
|Conservative gain from Independent||Swing|
|Independent||George Leonard Reakes||11,596||58.6|
|Independent gain from Conservative||Swing|
Another general election was in normal circumstances required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;
- Conservative: John Moore-Brabazon
- Liberal: Robert Forster
Elections in the 1930s
|Conservative||John Theodore Cuthbert Moore-Brabazon||27,949||67.44|
|Conservative||John Theodore Cuthbert Moore-Brabazon||40,161||83.89|
|Labour||John David Mack||7,712||16.11|
Elections in the 1920s
|Unionist||Sir Robert Burton-Chadwick||21,457||46.0||-26.4|
|Labour||John David Mack||11,544||24.8||-2.8|
|Unionist||Sir Robert Burton-Chadwick||22,599|
|Labour||John H. Warren||8,634|
|Unionist||Sir Robert Burton-Chadwick||13,995||51.6||-12.1|
|Liberal||Tudor Artro Morris||13,146||48.4||+12.1|
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Proposed to contain the Liverpool wards of Everton and Kirkdale and the four Wirral wards Wallasey, New Brighton, Seacombe and Liscard.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Wirral and City to share MP, Liverpool Echo, 10 March 2004
- Cross-river ward set to be declared a non-starter, Liverpool Echo, 15 June 2005
- Cross-Mersey constituency ditched, BBC News, 15 June 2005, accessed 16 May 2010
- Arthur, Charles (7 October 2009). "Who would really benefit of postcode data were free?". The Guardian. Retrieved 31 October 2011.
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Wallasey". BBC News. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig