Wallichs Music City

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Wallichs Music City was a record store[1] in Hollywood, California, USA, founded by Glenn E. Wallichs,[2] that also had stores in West Covina,[3][4] Lakewood,[5] Canoga Park, Costa Mesa, Torrance, and Hawthorne[6] from 1940–1978 and was one of the first to display cellophane sealed albums in racks.[7] Wallichs stayed open until 2 am.[8]

Glenn Wallichs[edit]

Glenn Everett Wallichs was born August 9, 1910 in Grand Island, Nebraska,[9] to Union Pacific accountant Oscar Wallichs. In 1926, the family moved to North Hollywood. In 1932 Wallichs opened a radio shop in Los Angeles, later opening five other shops in the area. In the mid‐1930's he started two recording studios.[10] In 1940, Wallichs opened Music City, at Sunset and Vine. In 1946, Wallichs left the business to his brother Clyde.[11] Glenn Wallichs died in 1971,[9] and Wallichs Music City closed in 1978.[12]

History[edit]

External images
Wallich's Music City, at Sunset and Vine, Hollywood 1953, by Sid Avery
Wallichs Music City with Capitol Records on the 2nd floor, circa 1946[13]
Eddie Cochran shuffling through albums at the Wallichs Music City

It was located on the northwest corner of Sunset & Vine and operated from 1940 to 1978. Owner Glenn E. Wallichs had started[14] Capitol Records, along with Tin Pan Alley songsmith Johnny Mercer and ex-Paramount movie producer Buddy De Sylva from a small office on Vine Street in 1942,[15] and moved to larger offices above the store in 1946. After Capitol Records moved to the Capitol Tower in 1956 the offices became the home of Dot Records.

In an era when most recorded music was sold through mom and pop stores, Wallichs Music City became the premier record store in Southern California and the world's largest specialty record store.[16][17][18]

As the market for recorded music evolved during the 1950s and 1960s, it was a source of tickets, sheet music, vinyl (initially 78s, then LP's & 45's) and tapes (8 track and cassette). They also sold TV sets and musical instruments.[19][20]

It was one of the first music stores to seal record albums in cellophane and put them in display racks for customers to browse.[7] The racks were tabletop height trapezoid-shaped browser boxes (designed by Capitol Records' Frederick Rice) that allowed the covers to be viewed like a card index. The store was also the first to have demonstration booths for listening to records.[21]

The store became a hub of the LA music scene.[22] Music fans flocked there to meet artists like Bing Crosby, Judy Garland, Johnny Mercer, Nat King Cole to have them sign sheet music of their latest hits. Frank Zappa worked part-time there in 1965 as a salesman in the singles department.[23][24] Radio ads featured Wallich, who would sing the jingle "It's Music City" (to the first notes of Rock-A-Bye-Baby with the following four bars covered by a jazz ensemble), followed by news of specials, upcoming events, etc.[18]

The Pleasures, a vocal group, recorded a song, Music City.[12]

Bibliography[edit]

  • “Wallichs Maps Plans to Expand Disk Outlets.” Billboard, Dec 1, 1956, p. 15
  • Leap, Norris. “One Day Wallichs Awoke, Found Himself Millionaire.” Los Angeles Times, Jan 5, 1959.
  • “Wallichs Buys 3d Disk Outlet in L.A. Area.” Billboard, Apr 6, 1959, p. 3
  • Alpert, Don. “Stereo.” Los Angeles Times, Feb 28, 1960
  • “$127 Million in Downtown Projects Okd.” Los Angeles Times, June 24, 1960
  • “Wallichs Will Mark 30th Anniversary.” Los Angeles Times, Dec 11, 1960
  • Zhito, Lee. “Wallichs’ Music City Lifts Policy; to Cut LP Prices.” Billboard, January 30, 1961, p. 2
  • “Dealers Air LP Discount Views.” Billboard, Mar 13, 1961, p. 18
  • Zhito, Lee. “Earphone Doubles Music City Sales.” Billboard, November 6, 1961, p. 22
  • “Music Firm Will Build In Torrance.” Los Angeles Times, Jun 30, 1963
  • “Clyde Wallichs Sells Interest in Music City to Other Stockholders.” Billboard, March 2, 1963, p. 8
  • “6,000 Attend Store Opening.” Los Angeles Times, Nov 24, 1963
  • “Coast Chain Starts Selling Components.” Billboard, December 14, 1963
  • “Business Wrap-Up.” Billboard, July 4, 1964, p. 35
  • Tiegel, Eilot. “Los Angeles Market Booms.” Billboard, Oct 17, 1964, p. 40
  • “Airway Saturation.” Billboard, Oct 17, 1964, p. 40
  • “Organ Hobby Lesson Plan Now Available.” Los Angeles Times, Apr 4, 1965
  • “Music City Buys Chain.” Billboard, July 15, 1967, p. 19
  • Weber, Bruce. “8th Wallichs is Opened.” Billboard, Nov 11, 1967, p. 62
  • Turpin, Dick. “New Kind of ‘Downtown’ in Making.” Los Angeles Times, Mar 10, 1968
  • Freedland, Nat. “Wallichs’ ‘New Look’ Spurs Music City Chain’s Profits.” Billboard, December 18, 1971, p. 3
  • “Capitol Records Head, Glenn E. Wallichs, Dies.” Los Angeles Times, Dec 24, 1971
  • Dexter, Dave. “Glenn E. Wallichs—A Fond Farewell.” Billboard, January 8, 1972, p. 3
  • “Wallichs Music Filed For Protection Under Chapter 11.” Los Angeles Times, Mar 9, 1977.
  • Sippel, John. “Wallichs Stores File Bankruptcy.” Billboard, Mar 19, 1977, p. 10
  • Siegel, Barry. “It’s Bankruptcy Blues at Music City.” Los Angeles Times, March 29, 1977
  • Sippel, John. “Investor Quartet Refloats Wallichs.” Billboard, May 14, 1977, p. 5
  • Tepper, Ron. “The Eyes of the Industry Watch L.A. Retailing.” Billboard, November 15, 1980, p. LA-46
  • Ryon, Ruth. “Merv Griffin Buys Hollywood Corner.” Los Angeles Times, Nov 3, 1983
  • Ryon, Ruth. “Developers Gamble on Spring Fever.” Los Angeles Times, Oct 12, 1986.
  • Grein, Paul. “The Story So Far, From the Beginning.” Billboard, Jun 13, 1992, p. 48
  • Hoskyns, Barney. Waiting For the Sun – The Story of the Los Angeles Music Scene, Viking, 1996
  • "Billboard". Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 15 December 1958. Retrieved 6 August 2018 – via Google Books.
  • "Billboard". Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 13 June 1992. Retrieved 6 August 2018 – via Google Books.
  • "Billboard". Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 9 January 1961. Retrieved 6 August 2018 – via Google Books.
  • "Billboard". Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 18 December 1971. Retrieved 6 August 2018 – via Google Books.
  • Bronson, Fred (6 August 1997). "The Billboard Book of Number One Hits". Billboard Books. Retrieved 6 August 2018 – via Google Books.
  • "Billboard". Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 15 November 1980. Retrieved 6 August 2018 – via Google Books.
  • "Billboard". Billboard Publications. 1 September 1974. Retrieved 6 August 2018 – via Google Books.
  • "Billboard". Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 2 March 1963. Retrieved 6 August 2018 – via Google Books.
  • "Billboard". Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 15 July 1967. Retrieved 6 August 2018 – via Google Books.
  • "Billboard". Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 18 December 1971. Retrieved 6 August 2018 – via Google Books.
  • "Billboard". Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 11 November 1967. Retrieved 6 August 2018 – via Google Books.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wallich's Music City - Former Sunset And Vine Location In Hollywood". rockandrollroadmap.com. 18 December 2015. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  2. ^ "Apply for a Trademark. Search a Trademark". trademarkia.com. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  3. ^ "Wallich's Music City West Covina Location Of Famous Record Store". rockandrollroadmap.com. 18 December 2015. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  4. ^ "WHEN WE WERE HOME: Wallich's Music City". westcovinalapuentebaldwinpark.blogspot.com. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  5. ^ "Wallich's Music City Woodland Hills Location In Topanga Plaza". rockandrollroadmap.com. 18 December 2015. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  6. ^ "Songs in the Key of L.A." songsinthekeyofla.com. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  7. ^ a b "Record Store Day Rejoices With Last Shop Standing". grammy.com. 18 April 2013. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  8. ^ "Wallichs Music City - Collection Connections". collectionconnections.com. 12 September 2017. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  9. ^ a b "Glenn Wallichs (1910-1971) - Find A Grave..." www.findagrave.com. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  10. ^ "GLEN E. WALLICHS, MUSIC EXECUTIVE". nytimes.com. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  11. ^ "Wallich's Music City". morethanredcars.com. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  12. ^ a b Roberts, Randall. "With Amoeba Records' Hollywood location in limbo, what's the fate of music retail on Sunset?". latimes.com. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  13. ^ "Water and Power Associates". waterandpower.org. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  14. ^ "Capitol Records -". johnnymercerfoundation.org. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  15. ^ "The Record Company Headquarters that Revived 1950s Hollywood with Iconic Architecture". archdaily.com. 28 January 2017. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  16. ^ "Wallichs Music City". Duke Digital Collections. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  17. ^ Alison Martino (7 July 2011). "Want to buy a record with Mel Blanc at Wallichs Music City / "Vintage Los Angeles" on Facebook". Retrieved 6 August 2018 – via YouTube.
  18. ^ a b historycomestolife (19 January 2014). "Wallach's Music City Sunset and Vine early 1950s". Retrieved 6 August 2018 – via YouTube.
  19. ^ "Remembering L.A.'s First Great Record Store, Wallichs Music City". lamag.com. 16 June 2015. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  20. ^ Alison Martino (10 June 2015). "Wallich's Music City at Sunset and Vine early 1950s". Retrieved 6 August 2018 – via YouTube.
  21. ^ "Crowd of teenagers enjoying music in Wallichs Music City ~ Hi Res #90158631". pond5.com. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  22. ^ Daze with Jordan the Lion (21 September 2017). "#411 WALLICHS Music City & Capital Records (9/21/17)". Retrieved 6 August 2018 – via YouTube.
  23. ^ "Wallich's Music City - Zappa Wiki Jawaka". wiki.killuglyradio.com. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  24. ^ Zappa, Frank. The Real Frank Zappa Book. London: Picador, 1989. p. 61

External links[edit]