Walrus Islands Archeological District
Entrance to Round Island, Alaska
|Location||Bristol Bay, Alaska|
|Area||9,187 acres (3,718 ha)|
|NRHP Reference #||100000875|
|Added to NRHP||December 23, 2016|
The Walrus Islands (Russian: Моржовые острова) are a group of craggy coastal islands in the Bering Sea, close to the northern shores of Bristol Bay, Alaska at the entrance to Togiak Bay. They are located 18 km to the east of Hagemeister Island, and are protected as the Walrus Islands State Game Sanctuary by the state. The island group is also of archaeological importance, with numerous deeply stratified sites covering 6,000 years of human use. The islands were designated the Walrus Islands Archeological District, a National Historic Landmark District, in December 2016.
Description and history
The Walrus Islands consist of a small group of islands and rocky islets extending to the southeast. The main islands are: Summit Island (close to the coast), High Island, Crooked Island, Black Rock Island and Round Island, not to be confused with Round Island (Aleutian Islands). The longest island is Crooked Island with a length of 10 km from north to south. The highest point is 69 m. Administratively these islands belong to the Dillingham Census Area, Alaska.
This island group was first explored by Captain James Cook in 1785. The Russian name "Morzh", meaning "walrus", was first used by Lt. Sarichev (1826, map 3), IRN (Imperial Russian Navy). Captain Tebenkov applied the name "Ostrova Morzhovyye" ("Walrus Islands") to the whole group of islands east of Hagemeister Island (1852, map 4), IRN. Captain Tebenkov also identified Walrus Island with the "Ound Island" of Capt. Cook (1785, v. 28 p. 431), RN.
The Walrus Islands earned their name because of the immense concentration of walruses in the adjacent waters of these islands every summer, the largest concentration being in Round Island, where 14,000 male walruses which have hauled out, have been observed on a single day. The island group forms the Walrus Islands State Game Sanctuary, managed by the Alaska Department of Fish and Game and a permit is required to visit Round Island. On January 11, 2017, President Barack Obama announced the designation of the island group as a National Historic Landmark District. The island contains a copious record of archaeological evidence of human occupation dating back to the Norton Tradition 6,000 years ago, about the time Bering Sea level rose to separate the Islands from the mainland, and the more recent Thule Tradition.
- List of National Historic Landmarks in Alaska
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Dillingham Census Area, Alaska
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "NHL nomination for Walrus Islands (redacted)" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2017-03-07.
- Alaska islands designated historic landmark by Obama administration, Alaska Dispatch News, Erica Martinson, January 11, 2017. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- Archeology, National Natural Landmarks, and State Game Sanctuaries: Combining Efforts for Science and Management, The George Wright Forum, Volume 24, No. 3, Jeanne Schaaf, Judy Alderson, Joe Meehan & Joel Cusick, 2007. Retrieved 12 January 2017.