Walsall (UK Parliament constituency)

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Walsall
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18321955
Number of members one
Created from Walsall North and Walsall South

Walsall was a borough constituency centred on the town of Walsall in the West Midlands of England. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post voting system.

History[edit]

In 1955 it was abolished and replaced by Walsall North and Walsall South constituencies.

Boundaries[edit]

Throughout its existence, the seat included the entirety of the County Borough of Walsall. In 1955, it was split into Walsall North and Walsall South[1]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1832 Charles Smith Forster Conservative
1837 Francis Finch Liberal
February 1841 John Neilson Gladstone Conservative
June 1841 Robert Scott Liberal
1847 Edward Richard Littleton Liberal
1852 Sir Charles Forster Liberal
1891 by-election Edward Thomas Holden Liberal
1892 Frank James Conservative
1893 by-election Sir Arthur Divett Hayter Liberal
1895 Sydney Gedge Conservative
1900 Sir Arthur Divett Hayter Liberal
1906 Edward Marten Dunne Liberal
January 1910 Sir Richard Ashmole Cooper Conservative
1922 Patrick Collins Liberal
1924 William Preston Conservative
1925 by-election
1929 John James McShane Labour
1931 Joseph Leckie Liberal (Later Liberal National)
1938 by-election Sir George Ernest Schuster Liberal National
1945 William Thomas Wells Labour
1955 constituency abolished: see Walsall North and Walsall South

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: Walsall[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sir Charles Forster 5,112 59.8
Conservative Frank James 3,435 40.2
Majority 1,677 19.6
Turnout 79.6
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1886: Walsall[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sir Charles Forster unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Walsall by-election, 1891[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edward Thomas Holden 4,899 52.9 n/a
Conservative Frank James 4,360 47.1 n/a
Majority 539 5.8 n/a
Turnout 79.1 n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
General Election 1892: Walsall[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Frank James 5,226 51.2 +4.1
Liberal Edward Thomas Holden 4,989 48.8 -4.1
Majority 237 2.4 8.2
Turnout 85.7
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +4.1
Charles Ritchie
Walsall by-election, 1893[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sir Arthur Divett Hayter 5,235 50.4
Conservative Rt Hon. Charles Thomson Ritchie 5,156 49.6
Majority 79 0.8
Turnout 87.8
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
Sydney Gedge
General Election 1895: Walsall[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sydney Gedge 5,145 51.6 +2.0
Liberal Rt Hon. Sir Arthur Divett Hayter 4,828 48.4 -2.0
Majority 317 3.2 4.0
Turnout 90.5 2.7
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +2.0

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Arthur Hayter
General Election 1900: Walsall[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Rt Hon. Sir Arthur Divett Hayter 5,610 51.5
Conservative Sydney Gedge 5,285 48.5
Majority 325 3.0
Turnout 84.8
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1906: Walsall[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edward Marten Dunne 7,092 54.6 +3.1
Conservative Bernall Bagshawe 5,893 45.4 -3.1
Majority 1,199 9.2 +6.2
Turnout 91.9 +7.1
Liberal hold Swing +3.1

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Walsall[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Richard Ashmole Cooper 7,290 51.9
Liberal Edward Marten Dunne 6,745 48.1
Majority 545 3.8
Turnout 95.4
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
General Election December 1910: Walsall[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Richard Ashmole Cooper 7,174 52.9 +1.0
Liberal John Morgan 6,385 47.1 -1.0
Majority 789 5.8 +2.0
Turnout 92.2 -3.2
Conservative hold Swing +1.0

General Election 1914/15: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

W.H. Brown
General Election 1918: Walsall[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Party Sir Richard Ashmole Cooper 14,491 52.3
Labour Joseph Thickett 8,336 30.0 n/a
Liberal William Henry Brown 4,914 17.7
Majority 6,155 22.3
Turnout 64.7
National Party gain from Unionist Swing
  • Cooper founded the National Party and had the support of the local Unionist Association. However, his candidature was not supported by Unionist party HQ or the Coalition Government.

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

Pat Collins
General Election 1922: Walsall [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Patrick Collins 14,674 38.6 +20.9
Unionist Lady Cooper 14,349 37.8 -14.5
Labour Robert Dennison 8,946 23.6 -6.4
Majority 325 0.8 35.4
Turnout
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing +17.7
General Election 6 December 1923: Walsall [15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Patrick Collins 16,304 43.5 -4.9
Unionist Sydney Kersland Lewis 14,141 37.8 -0.0
Labour Arthur Carr Osburn 7,007 18.7 -4.9
Majority 2,163 5.7 +4.9
Turnout 82.6
Liberal hold Swing -2.4
General Election 1924: Walsall [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Charles William Preston 15,168 37.9 +0.1
Liberal Patrick Collins 12,734 31.8 -11.7
Labour Gladstone Lothian Rosebery Small 11,474 28.7 +10.0
Independent Dr J J Lynch 622 1.6 n/a
Majority 6.1
Turnout
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
Walsall by-election, 1925[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Charles William Preston 14,793 38.2 +0.3
Liberal Rt Hon. Thomas James Macnamara 12,300 31.8 +0.0
Labour Gladstone Lothian Rosebery Small 11,610 30.0 +1.3
Majority 2,493 6.4 +0.3
Turnout 83.4
Unionist hold Swing +0.1
General Election 1929: Walsall [18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John James McShane 20,524 39.6 +9.6
Unionist Charles William Preston 15,818 30.6 -7.6
Liberal Rt Hon. Thomas James Macnamara 15,425 29.8 -2.0
Majority 4,706 9.0
Turnout 85.9
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +8.6

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Joseph Alexander Leckie 30,507 56.0 +26.2
Labour John James McShane 23,952 44.0 +4.4
Majority 6,555 12.0
Turnout 86.3
Liberal hold Swing +10.9
  • Conservative candidate, William J Talbot, withdrew.
General Election 1935[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal National Joseph Alexander Leckie 28,563 57.5 +1.5
Labour William Graham 19,594 39.5 -4.5
Christian Socialist J A Harper 1,480 3.0 n/a
Majority 18.0 +6.0
Turnout 75.3 -11.0
Liberal National hold Swing +3.0
Walsall by-election, 1938[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal National Sir George Ernest Schuster 28,720 57.1 -0.4
Labour George Jeger 21,562 42.9 +0.4
Majority 7,158 14.2 -0.8
Turnout 75.9
Liberal National hold Swing -0.4

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1939/40:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election and by the end of the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1945[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Maj. William Thomas Wells 28,324 53.9
Liberal National Lt-Col. Sir George Ernest Schuster 24,197 46.1
Majority 4,127 7.8
Turnout 76.2
Labour gain from Liberal National Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General election 1950: Walsall[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Thomas Wells 36,483 56.0
National Liberal Sir John Denman Barlow 28,700 44.0
Majority 7,783 12.0
Turnout 86.2
Labour hold Swing
General election 1951: Walsall[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Thomas Wells 33,556 52.3
Conservative Frank Roper 23,083 36.0
Liberal Barbara Estelle Lewis 7,517 11.7
Majority 10,473 16.3
Turnout 83.1
Labour hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ Craig, F.W.S., ed. (1972). Boundaries of parliamentary constituencies 1985-1972. Chichester, Sussex: Political Reference Publications. ISBN 0-900178-09-4. 
  2. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  3. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  4. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  5. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  6. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  7. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  8. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  9. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  10. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  11. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  12. ^ Black Country History
  13. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 by FWS Craig
  14. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  15. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  16. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  17. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  18. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  19. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 by FWS Craig
  20. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 by FWS Craig
  21. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 by FWS Craig
  22. ^ Report of the Annual Conference, 1939
  23. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 by FWS Craig
  24. ^ British parliamentary election results 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  25. ^ British parliamentary election results 1950-1973 by FWS Craig