Walsall North (UK Parliament constituency)

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Walsall North
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Walsall North in West Midlands.
Outline map
Location of West Midlands within England.
County West Midlands
Electorate 65,468 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Willenhall, Bloxwich and Walsall (part)
Current constituency
Created 1955
Member of parliament David Winnick (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Walsall
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency West Midlands

Walsall North is a constituency[n 1] created in 1955 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1979 by David Winnick, a member of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[2] Party
1979 David Winnick Labour
1976 by-election Robin Hodgson Conservative
1976 John Stonehouse English Nationalist
Feb 1974 Labour
1955 William Wells Labour

Constituency profile[edit]

The constituency is in the heart of an area traditionally focussed on manufacturing which retains many mechanical and engineering jobs in its economy.

Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 significantly higher than the national average of 3.8%, at 8.0% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian, not the highest in the region which was Birmingham Ladywood at 11.1% but also significantly higher than the average for the region, 4.7%.[3]

Boundaries[edit]

Walsall North is one of three constituencies covering the Metropolitan Borough of Walsall.[n 3]

1983-present: The Metropolitan Borough of Walsall wards of Birchills Leamore, Blakenall, Bloxwich East, Bloxwich West, Short Heath, Willenhall North, and Willenhall South.

1974-1983: As above less Hatherton, plus Bentley, Willenhall North, and Willenhall South.

1955-1974: The County Borough of Walsall wards of Birchills, Blakenall, Bloxwich East, Bloxwich West, Hatherton, and Leamore, and the Urban District of Brownhills.

History[edit]

Results between 1955 and 1979

The seat was created in 1955 from part of Walsall. Its first Member of Parliament was W.T. Wells of the Labour Party had been the MP for Walsall. In 1974 he was succeeded by controversial John Stonehouse (Lab), appointed Postmaster General, who became infamous for faking his own death and was later jailed for fraud. After resigning from the party in April 1976, he was invited to join the English National Party, becoming their first (and only) MP, before being forced to resign as an MP in August 1976. The ensuing by-election was won by Robin Hodgson, a Conservative.

Results since 1979

Labour regained the seat in 1979; their candidate was the former Croydon South MP David Winnick, who has represented the constituency since then. Aside from a marginal majority in 1987 of 3.7%, Winnick's wins from and including 1979 have ranged between 7.3% and 29% (the latter twice) until 2010. Labour's Winnick fended off a challenge from Conservative Clack, by 2.7% of the vote in 2010.[4] Going into the 2015 General Election, Walsall North was 13th on the list of Conservative target seats.[5] Winnick increased his majority to 1,937 — 5.2% of the vote.[6] The 2015 result gave the seat the 22nd-smallest majority of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.[7]

Other parties since 1979

The Conservative candidate has polled runner-up in each election from and including 1979.

The UKIP swing of +17.2% in 2015, coming the year before the UK EU membership referendum was higher than the national average of 9.5%. The Liberal Democrat, TUSC and Green Party candidates of 2015 won less than 5% of the vote in 2015 therefore forfeit kept their deposits.

The Liberal Democrats managed to produce their best result since the 1955 creation (counting their two predecessor parties) in 1983, when Liberal, A. Bentley polled 20.7% of the vote. In 2010 the BNP's Woodall kept his deposit by polling more than 5% of the vote. The last time this percentage was reached by a candidate in Walsall North in other than the top three parties had been 1976.

Just below the 5% threshold, in 2010 UKIP managed to achieve their best result to date, at 4.8% of the vote.

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2017: Walsall North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UKIP Liz Hazell
Conservative Eddie Hughes
Liberal Democrat Isabelle Parasram
Labour David Winnick
Majority
Turnout
General Election 2015: Walsall North[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Winnick 14,392 39.0 Increase 2.0
Conservative Douglas Hansen-Luke 12,455 33.8 Decrease 0.5
UKIP Elizabeth Hazell 8,122 22.0 Increase 17.2
Liberal Democrat Nigel Jones 840 2.3 Decrease 10.8
TUSC Peter Smith 545 1.5 Decrease 0.8
Green Mike Harrison 529 1.4 N/A
Majority 1,937 5.2 Increase 2.5
Turnout 36,883 55.0 Decrease 0.5
Labour hold Swing Increase 1.3
General Election 2010: Walsall North[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Winnick 13,385 37.0 Decrease 11.2
Conservative Helyn Clack 12,395 34.3 Increase 6.8
Liberal Democrat Nadia Fazal 4,754 13.1 Increase 0.8
BNP Christopher Woodall 2,930 8.1 Increase 2.1
UKIP Elizabeth Hazell 1,737 4.8 Increase 1.1
Democratic Labour Peter Smith 842 2.3 Steady
Christian Babar Shakir 144 0.4 N/A
Majority 990 2.7
Turnout 36,187 55.5 Increase 3.3
Labour hold Swing Decrease 9.0

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Walsall North[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Winnick 15,990 47.8 Decrease 10.3
Conservative Ian Lucas 9,350 28.0 Decrease 1.1
Liberal Democrat Douglas Taylor 4,144 12.4 Increase 3.4
BNP William Locke 1,992 6.0 N/A
UKIP Anthony Lenton 1,182 3.5 Increase 1.0
Democratic Labour Peter Smith 770 2.3 N/A
Majority 6,640 19.9
Turnout 33,428 52.8 Increase 3.8
Labour hold Swing Decrease 4.6
General Election 2001: Walsall North[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Winnick 18,779 58.1 Increase 1.5
Conservative Melvin Pitt 9,388 29.1 Increase 1.5
Liberal Democrat Michael Heap 2,923 9.0 Decrease 0.3
UKIP Jenny Mayo 812 2.5 N/A
Socialist Alliance David Church 410 1.3 N/A
Majority 9,391 29.0
Turnout 32,312 49.0 Decrease 15.1
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Walsall North[12][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Winnick 24,517 56.6
Conservative Michael Bird 11,929 27.6
Liberal Democrat Tracy O'Brien 4,050 9.4
Referendum Derek Bennett 1,430 3.3
Independent Melvin Pitt 911 2.1
National Front Alan Humphries 465 1.1
Majority 12,588 29.1
Turnout 43,302 64.1
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1992: Walsall North[14][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Winnick 24,387 46.7 Increase 4.2
Conservative Robert Syms 20,563 39.4 Increase 0.4
Liberal Democrat AR Powis 6,629 12.7 Decrease 5.7
National Front KA Reynolds 614 1.2 N/A
Majority 3,824 7.3 Increase 3.8
Turnout 52,193 75.0 Increase 1.2
Labour hold Swing Increase 1.9

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Walsall North[16][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Winnick 21,458 42.6
Conservative Leah Hertz 19,668 39.0
Liberal Ian Shires 9,285 18.4
Majority 1,790 3.6
Turnout 73.8
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Walsall North[18][19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Winnick 20,782 42.5
Conservative N. Stephens 17,958 36.7
Liberal A. Bentley 10,141 20.7
Majority 2,824 5.8
Turnout 71.0
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

United Kingdom general election, 1979: Walsall North[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Winnick 26,913 50.9
Conservative Robin Hodgson 21,047 39.8
Liberal A Bentley 3,778 7.1
National Front C Parker 1,098 2.1
Majority 5,866 11.1
Turnout 72.3
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
Walsall North by-election, 1976
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robin Hodgson 16,212 43.4 Increase 17.2
Labour David Winnick 11,833 31.6 Decrease 27.85
Independent Sidney Wright 4,374 11.7 N/A
National Front Joseph Parker 2,724 7.3 N/A
Liberal Fran Oborski 1,212 3.2 Decrease 13.1
Socialist Workers James McCallum 574 1.5 N/A
National Party Marian Powell 258 0.7 N/A
Ecology Jonathan Tyler 181 0.5 N/A
Air, Road, Public Safety, White Resident Bill Boaks 30 0.1 N/A
Majority 4,379 11.7
Turnout 37,398
Conservative gain from English National Swing
United Kingdom general election, October 1974: Walsall North[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Stonehouse 28,340 59.5
Conservative Robin Hodgson 12,455 26.1
Liberal W Gill 6,337 13.4
Communist J Richards 465 1.0
Majority 15,885 33.4
Turnout 66.6
Labour hold Swing
United Kingdom general election, February 1974: Walsall North[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Stonehouse 32,458 63.6
Conservative Robin Hodgson 17,754 34.8
Communist J Richards 819 1.6
Majority 14,704 28.8
Turnout 72.1
Labour hold Swing
United Kingdom general election, 1970: Walsall North[23][24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Wells 27,543 57.1
Conservative A John Barnes 20,128 41.7
Communist Graham Stevenson 597 1.2
Majority 7,415 15.4
Turnout 66.8
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

United Kingdom general election, 1966: Walsall North[25][26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Wells 29,710 65.1
Conservative A John L Barnes 15,953 34.9
Majority 13,757 30.1
Turnout 70.9
Labour hold Swing
United Kingdom general election, 1964: Walsall North[27][28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Wells 27,842 61.4
Conservative A John L Barnes 17,518 38.6
Majority 10,324 22.8
Turnout 71.9
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

United Kingdom general election, 1959: Walsall North[29][30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Wells 27,693 61.0
Conservative James G Ackers 17,741 39.0
Majority 9,952 21.9
Turnout 76.7
Labour hold Swing
United Kingdom general election, 1955: Walsall North[31][32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Wells 26,665 62.5
National Liberal and Conservative Francis R Roberts 15,970 37.5
Majority 10,695 25.1
Turnout 77.0
Labour hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ The others being: Walsall South and Aldridge-Brownhills
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  3. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  4. ^ "Election 2010 - Walsall North". BBC News. Retrieved 21 October 2015. 
  5. ^ "Conservative top target seats to win the 2015 General Election with an overall majority". Mirror. 31 March 2015. Retrieved 21 October 2015. 
  6. ^ "Walsall North parliamentary constituency - Election 2015". BBC News. Retrieved 21 October 2015. 
  7. ^ List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  8. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  9. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  10. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  11. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  12. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  13. ^ http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/constit/246.htm
  14. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  15. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  16. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  17. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1987. Politics Resources. 11 June 1987. Retrieved 2013-01-17. 
  18. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  19. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1983. Politics Resources. 9 June 1983. Retrieved 2013-01-17. 
  20. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1979. Politics Resources. 28 May 1979. Retrieved 2013-01-17. 
  21. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1979. Politics Resources. 10 October 1974. Retrieved 2013-01-17. 
  22. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1979. Politics Resources. 28 February 1974. Retrieved 2013-01-17. 
  23. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1970. Politics Resources. 18 June 1970. Retrieved 2013-01-17. 
  24. ^ [1]
  25. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1966. Politics Resources. 31 March 1966. Retrieved 2013-01-17. 
  26. ^ [2]
  27. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1966. Politics Resources. 15 October 1964. Retrieved 2013-01-17. 
  28. ^ [3]
  29. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1959. Politics Resources. 8 October 1959. Retrieved 2013-01-17. 
  30. ^ [4]
  31. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1955. Politics Resources. 26 May 1955. Retrieved 2013-01-17. 
  32. ^ [5]

Coordinates: 52°37′N 2°01′W / 52.61°N 2.01°W / 52.61; -2.01