Walter Simonson at the Big Apple Summer Sizzler, June 13, 2009.
September 2, 1946
Detective Comics (Manhunter)
Walter "Walt" Simonson (born September 2, 1946) is an American comic book writer and artist. After studying geology at Amherst College, he transferred to the Rhode Island School of Design, graduating in 1972. His thesis project there was The Star Slammers, which was published as a black and white promotional comic book for the 1974 World Science Fiction Convention in Washington, D.C. (DisCon II). In 1983, he produced another version of the story in graphic novel form for Marvel Comics. Simonson continued the adventures of the Star Slammers in a limited series in the mid-1990s as one of the founders of Malibu Comics' short-lived Bravura label. Simonson has won numerous awards for his work, and has influenced artists such as Arthur Adams and Bryan Hitch.
Simonson's first professional published comic book work was Weird War Tales #10 (Jan. 1973) for DC Comics. He also did a number of illustrations for the Harry N. Abrams, Inc. edition of The Hobbit, and at least one unrelated print (a Samurai warrior) was purchased by Harvard University's Fogg Museum and included in its annual undergraduate-use loan program. Simonson's breakthrough illustration job was Manhunter, a backup feature in DC's Detective Comics written by Archie Goodwin. In a 2000 interview, Simonson recalled that "What Manhunter did was to establish me professionally. Before Manhunter, I was one more guy doing comics; after Manhunter, people in the field knew who I was. It'd won a bunch of awards the year that it ran, and after that, I really had no trouble finding work." Simonson went on to draw other DC series such as Metal Men and Hercules Unbound. In 1979 Simonson and Goodwin collaborated on an adaptation of the movie Alien, published by Heavy Metal. It was on Alien that Simonson's long working relationship with letterer John Workman began. Workman has lettered most of Simonson's work since.
Starting in January 1977, Simonson was the original artist on The Rampaging Hulk a black-and-white magazine published by Marvel's Curtis Magazines line. In late 1978, Simonson, Howard Chaykin, Val Mayerik, and Jim Starlin formed Upstart Associates, a shared studio space on West 29th Street in New York City. The membership of the studio changed over time.
In 1982, Simonson and writer Chris Claremont produced The Uncanny X-Men and The New Teen Titans intercompany crossover between the top-selling Marvel and DC titles. Simonson is best known for his work on Marvel Comics' Thor which he began writing and drawing with issue #337 (Nov. 1983). Simonson took nearly complete control of Thor, during which he transformed Thor into a frog for three issues and introduced the supporting character Beta Ray Bill, an alien warrior who unexpectedly proved worthy to wield Thor's hammer, Mjolnir. He started as writer and artist with issue #337 (Nov. 1983) and continued until #367 (May 1986). Sal Buscema became the artist on the title with #368 but Simonson continued to write the book until issue #382 (Aug. 1987). Buscema described Simonson's stories as "very stimulating. It was a pleasure working on his plots, because they were a lot of fun to illustrate. He had a lot of great ideas, and he took Thor in a totally new direction." In late 1986 he dropped several of his assignments, including Thor, remarking that "I had a very busy season over the past six to eight months, and I'd like to take some time off, to take time maybe to take stock and refuel a bit." Simonson was to have drawn a Daredevil story written by Frank Miller but it was never completed and remains unpublished. Simonson joined his wife Louise on the X-Factor series with issue #10. In #25, the creators gave the character the Angel blue skin and metal wings in a process which would lead to his being renamed as "Archangel". Their run on X-Factor included the story arcs "Mutant Massacre", "Fall of the Mutants," and "Inferno".
Simonson left Upstart Associates in late 1986.
Simonson became writer of the Fantastic Four with issue #334 (Dec. 1989), and three issues later began penciling and inking as well (#337, coincidentally the same issue number he started as writer and artist of Thor). He had a popular three issue collaboration with Arthur Adams in which he introduced the "New Fantastic Four" consisting of Wolverine, Spider-Man, Ghost Rider and the Hulk. Simonson left the Fantastic Four with issue #354 (July 1991). His other Marvel credits in the decade included co-plotting/writing the Iron Man 2020 one-shot (June 1994) and writing the Heroes Reborn version of the Avengers.
In the 2000s Simonson has mostly worked for DC Comics. From 2000 to 2002 he wrote and illustrated Orion. After that series ended, he wrote six issues of Wonder Woman (vol. 2) drawn by Jerry Ordway. In 2002, he contributed an interview to Panel Discussions, a nonfiction book about the developing movement in sequential art and narrative literature, along with Durwin Talon, Will Eisner, Mike Mignola and Mark Schultz.
From 2003 to 2006, he drew the four issue prestige mini-series Elric: The Making of a Sorcerer, written by Elric's creator, Michael Moorcock. This series was collected as a 192 page graphic novel in 2007 by DC. He continued to work for DC in 2006 writing Hawkgirl, with pencillers Howard Chaykin, Joe Bennett, and Renato Arlem.
His other work includes cover artwork for a Bat Lash mini-series and the ongoing series Vigilante, as well as writing a Wildstorm comic book series based on the online role-playing game World of Warcraft. The Warcraft series ran 25 issues and was co-written with his wife, Louise Simonson. In 2011, he had a cameo role in the live-action Thor film, appearing as one of the guests at a large Asgardian banquet. Simonson serves on the Disbursement Committee of the comic-book industry charity The Hero Initiative.
Simonson's awards include Shazam Awards for Outstanding New Talent in 1973, for Best Individual Short Story (Dramatic) in 1973 for "The Himalayan Incident" in Detective Comics #437 (with Archie Goodwin), and the same award in 1974 for "Cathedral Perilous" in Detective Comics #441 (again with Archie Goodwin). Simonson and Goodwin also won the Shazam Award for Best Individual Story (Dramatic) in 1974 for "Götterdämmerung" in Detective Comics #443. All three winning stories were a part of the Manhunter saga.
At the 2010 Harvey Awards, which were held at the Baltimore Comic-Con on August 28, 2010, Simonson received the 2010 Hero Initiative Lifetime Achievement Award. It was presented to him by his wife, Louise Simonson.
Simonson's distinctive signature consists of his last name, distorted to resemble a Brontosaurus. Simonson's reason for this was explained in a 2006 interview. "My mom suggested a dinosaur since I was a big dinosaur fan."
Technique and materials
Simonson inked his own work with a Hunt 102 Pro-quill pen. He switched to a brush during the mid-to-late 2000s, and despite the disparity between the two tools, Bryan Hitch, an admirer of Simonson's, stated that he could not tell the difference, calling Simonons's brush work "as typically good and powerful as his other work."
- Batman #300, 312, 321 (1978–80)
- Batman Black and White #2 (1996)
- DC Universe: Legacies #5 (2010)
- Detective Comics (Manhunter stories) #437–443; (Batman) #450, 469–470 (1973–77); #500 (among other artists) (1981)
- Elric: The Making of a Sorcerer, miniseries, #1–4 (2006)
- 1st Issue Special (Doctor Fate) #9 (1975)
- Hawkgirl #50–66 (writer)
- Hercules Unbound #7–12
- Jack Kirby's Fourth World #1–11, 13–20 (covers)
- JSA: Armageddon Inferno #1–4 (artist)
- The Judas Coin (writer/artist, 2012)
- Just Imagine Stan Lee Creating Sandman (artist)
- Legends of the World's Finest #1–3 (writer)
- Legion of Super-Heroes (vol. 3) #94, 100 (artist)
- Metal Men #45–49 (artist and plot assists)
- Michael Moorcock's Multiverse #1–12 (artist)
- Orion #1–25 (writer/artist)
- Star Spangled War Stories #170, 172, 180 (artist)
- Superboy and the Legion of Super-Heroes #237 (artist)
- Superman #666 (artist)
- Superman Special #1 (writer/artist, 1992)
- Superman: The Last God of Krypton (writer)
- Sword of Sorcery #4–5 (artist)
- The Spirit #8 ("Gemini") (writer, 2010)
- Wednesday Comics (Demon/Catwoman) #1–12 (writer)
- Weird War Tales #10, 72 (artist) (1973–79)
- Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #189–194 (writer)
- Worlds of Warcraft #1–25 (writer with Louise Simonson)
- Amazing Spider-Man #222 (cover) (1981)
- Animax, miniseries, #1–2 (1986)
- Avengers #291–299, Annual 17 (writer), 300 (writer/artist) (1988–1989)
- Avengers, vol. 2, (Heroes Reborn) #8–12 (writer) (1997)
- Avengers, vol. 4, (Avengers vs. X-Men) #25-30 (artist) (2012)
- Avengers Prime, miniseries, #1 (2010)
- Balder the Brave #1–4 (writer/covers)
- Battlestar Galactica #11, 13, 15, 17–23 (writer, with Roger McKenzie); #4, 5, 11–17, 19–20, 22–23 (artist)
- Bizarre Adventures #29 (artist)
- Captain America Meets the Asthma Monster (giveaway) #0
- Conan the Barbarian #135 (cover)
- Daredevil #236 (cover, with Bill Sienkiewicz)
- Dazzler #2 (art, pages 11–16)
- Death's Head #9 (cover)
- Doctor Strange #182 (letter, 1969), 45 (inks, page 7, 1981)
- Doctor Who #1 (art, 3 pages), 3 (art, 1 page)
- Eternals, maxi-series, #9–12 (writer)
- Fantastic Four #212 (cover), 334–341, 343–350, 352–354 (writer; also artist on #337–341, 343–346, 350, 352–354) (1989–91)
- FOOM #18 (photo, 1977)
- Havok and Wolverine: Meltdown, miniseries, #1–4 (co-writer, with Louise Simonson)
- Haunt of Horror #2 (art, 1973)
- Haunt of Horror Magazine #1 (art, 1974)
- Heroes for Hope Starring the X-Men #1 (art, 4 pages)
- Howard the Duck Magazine #7 (art, 1 page pinup)
- Hulk Magazine #11 (art, 1 page), 20 (art), 23 (cover)
- Incredible Hulk #364-367 (covers)
- Indestructible Hulk #6, 7, & 8 (cover, interiors)
- Iron Man #3, 10 (letter, 1968–69), Annual 8 (cover)
- Iron Man 2020 (writer)
- John Carter, Warlord of Mars #15 (pencils, with Ross Andru)
- Kickers, Inc. #9 (cover, with Mike Mignola)
- Kree-Skrull War Starring the Avengers #1 (cover)
- Marvel Graphic Novel #6 (Star Slammers) (writer/artist)
- Raiders of the Lost Ark movie adaptation #1–3 (writer)
- Rampaging Hulk #1–3
- Savage Sword of Conan #7, 8, 12, 15–17
- Star Wars #56–63, 65 (writer); #16, 49–63, 65–66 (artist)
- Thor #260–271, Annual #7 (artist only); #337–355, 357–382 (writer; also artist on #337–354, 357–367) (1977–86)
- Uncanny X-Men #171
- X-Factor #10–15, 17–39
- What If (Nova) #15
- Wolverine: The Jungle Adventure (writer)
- Uncanny X-Men and The New Teen Titans, one-shot, (1982)
- The Twilight Zone #50: Nature's Way (artist) July 1973 (uncredited, signed) (Gold Key Comics)
- Alien: The Illustrated Story movie adaptation (artist) (Heavy Metal)
- Creepy #102, 107, 112 (artist) (Warren, 1979)
- Jurassic Park movie adaptation #1–4 (writer) (Topps)
- Star*Reach #1 (1974) (Star*Reach)
- The Path #5 (artist) August 2002 (CrossGen)
Books and compilations
- The Art of Walter Simonson collects stories from Detective Comics #450; 1st Issue Special #9; Unknown Soldier #254-256; Star Spangled War Stories #170 and 180; Hercules Unbound #11-12; and Metal Men #45-49, 208 pages, June 1989, ISBN 0930289412
- Jack Kirby's Fourth World Omnibus Vol. 2 (introduction only), 396 pages, August 2007, ISBN 140121357X
- Manhunter: The Special Edition collects stories from Detective Comics #437-443, 104 pages, June 1999, ISBN 1563893746
- Fantastic Four Visionaries: Walter Simonson trade paperbacks
- Thor Visionaries: Walter Simonson trade paperbacks
- Volume 1 collects Thor #337-348, 288 pages, May 2001, ISBN 0785107584
- Volume 2 collects Thor #349-355 and 357-359, 240 pages, September 2003, ISBN 0785110461
- Volume 3 collects Thor #360-369, 232 pages, March 2004, ISBN 078511047X
- Volume 4 collects Thor #371-374 and Balder the Brave #1-4, 192 pages, September 2007, ISBN 0785127119
- Volume 5 collects Thor #375-382 208 pages, February 2008, ISBN 0785127372
- Thor by Walter Simonson Omnibus collects Thor #337-355, 357-369, 371-382 and Balder the Brave #1-4, 1192 pages, April 2011, ISBN 0785146334
- Walter Simonson's The Mighty Thor: Artist's Edition collects Thor #337-340 and 360-362, 176 pages, July 2011, ISBN 1613770383
- George Khoury and Eric Nolen-Weathington. Modern Masters Volume Six: Arthur Adams, 2006, TwoMorrows Publishing.
- Cooke, Jon B. "The Art of Arthur Adams", Reprinted from Comic Book Artist #17, November 15, 2001
- Hitch, Bryan. Bryan Hitch's Ultimate Comics Studio, Impact Books, 2010
- AC Geology Alumni: Past Majors. Retrieved 27 December 2006.
- The Slush Factory: The World’s Coolest Comics Magazine. Interview. Retrieved 27 December 2006.
- Cooke, Jon B. (October 2000). "Simonson Says The Man of Two Gods Recalls His 25+ Years in Comics". Comic Book Artist (TwoMorrows Publishing) (10): 18.
- McAvennie, Michael; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1970s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. Dorling Kindersley. p. 157. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9. "Together with exciting new artist Walt Simonson, [Archie] Goodwin executed seven flawless tales that chronicled Paul Kirk's hunt for the world's deadliest game." " Manhunter's award-winning revival earned undying acclaim for its talented storytellers."
- Boney, Alex (May 2013). "Hunting the Hunters: Manhunter and the Most Dangerous Game". Back Issue (TwoMorrows Publishing) (64): 44–50.
- Cooke Comic Book Artist #10 (Oct. 2000) p. 20
- Cooke Comic Book Artist #10 (Oct. 2000) p. 23
- Sanderson, Peter; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2008). "1970s". Marvel Chronicle A Year by Year History. Dorling Kindersley. p. 178. ISBN 978-0756641238. "In these stories, written by Doug Moench and drawn by Walter Simonson, the Hulk contended against an invading race of aliens called the Krylorians."
- Cooke Comic Book Artist #10 (Oct. 2000) p. 25
- Nolen-Weathington, Eric (2006). Modern Masters, Volume 8: Walter Simonson. TwoMorrows Publishing. p. 34. ISBN 1-893905-64-0. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- Manning, Matthew K. "1980s" in Dolan, p. 199: "The issue, written by longtime X-Men scribe Chris Claremont and drawn by Walter Simonson [was]...one of the most well-received crossovers of its time - or of any time for that matter - the team-up was a huge success."
- Brown, Jonathan (August 2013). "The Uncanny X-Men and The New Teen Titans: The Breakfast Club of the Comics Crossover". Back Issue (TwoMorrows Publishing) (66): 65-68.
- DeFalco, Tom "1980s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 213: "This issue began a highly acclaimed run by writer/artist Walt Simonson that would last for nearly four years and end with issue #382 (Aug. 1987)."
- "Review of a trade paperback collecting some of Simonson's run at". Popimage.com. Retrieved 2013-06-02.
- "Essay on what makes certain stories definitive at Silver bullet Comics". Silverbulletcomics.com. Retrieved 2013-06-02.
- Amash, Jim; Nolen-Weathington,, Eric (2010). Sal Buscema: Comics' Fast & Furious Artist. TwoMorrows Publishing. p. 72. ISBN 978-1605490212.
- Sanderson, Peter (October 1986). "Walt & Louise Simonson". Comics Interview (39) (Fictioneer Books). pp. 42–57.
- Mithra, Kuljit (August 1997). "Interview With Walt Simonson". ManWithoutFear.com. Archived from the original on March 13, 2013. Retrieved March 17, 2013. "The gist of it is that by the time Marvel was interested in having us work on the story, Frank was off doing Dark Knight and I was off doing X-Factor. So it never happened. Too bad--it was a cool story too."
- Cooke Comic Book Artist #10 (Oct. 2000) p. 26
- Nolen-Weathington Modern Masters Volume Eight Walter Simonson p. 67
- Manning, Matthew K. "1990s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 252: "Spider-Man, the Hulk, Wolverine, and Ghost Rider were tricked into forming a new Fantastic Four...Written by Walter Simonson with art by Arthur Adams, this new FF found themselves locked in battle with the Mole Man."
- Cowsill, Alan; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1990s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 186. ISBN 978-0756692360. "Take Spidey, Ghost Rider, Wolverine, and the Hulk, add a script by Walt Simonson and illustrations by Art Adams, and the result is one of the best Marvel comics of the decade."
- Cowsill, Alan "2000s" in Dolan, p. 296 "Comic book legend Walt Simonson brought his unique vision to one of Jack Kirby's greatest heroes on Orion, the first ongoing series to feature the most prominent of the New Gods."
- "DC Comics World of Warcraft page". Dccomics.com. Retrieved 2013-06-02.
- Walter Simonson: Into The World Of Warcraft, Newsarama, November 25, 2007
- Johnston, Rich. "Stan, Joe, Walt And The Thunder God", Bleeding Cool, May 6, 2011
- "Hero Initiative Board Members Disburstment Committee". The Hero Initiative. 2013. Archived from the original on June 29, 2013.
- Fishman, Marc Alan."2010 Harvey Awards Announced!" ComicMix; August 29, 2010
- Ash, Roger. Roger’s Comic Ramblings: Baltimore Comic-Con 2010 report Westfield Comics. Retrieved September 23, 2010.
- Nolen-Weathington Modern Masters Volume Eight Walter Simonson p. 8
- Ostrander, John. "John Ostrander: Pro Advice – Hit By a Bus". ComicMix. August 7, 2011
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Walter Simonson.|
- Walter Simonson at the Comic Book DB
- "DC Profiles #2: Walt Simonson" at the Grand Comics Database
- Walter Simonson at the Lambiek Comiclopedia
- Walter Simonson at Mike's Amazing World of Comics
- Walter Simonson at the Unofficial Handbook of Marvel Comics Creators
- Video of Walt Simonson drawing Cyclops
- Interview at ComicBoards.com
- Interview at b-independent.com (1998)
- Interview at Fanzing.com (1999)
- Interview at PopMatters.com
|Star Wars artist
|The Avengers writer
(as John Harkness)
|Fantastic Four writer
|Fantastic Four artist
Rob Liefeld and Jeph Loeb
|The Avengers writer
|Wonder Woman writer