Walter A. Sheaffer
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Walter A. Sheaffer (July 27, 1867 – June 19, 1946) was an American inventor and businessman who developed the first commercially successful lever-filling fountain pen and founded the W.A. Sheaffer Pen Company.
Walter Sheaffer was born in Bloomfield, Iowa. He was the oldest child of Elizabeth and Jacob Royer Sheaffer, who had settled in Bloomfield in 1854 and established a jewelry store. Sheaffer dropped out of school and first started working as a printer's devil, then a grocery boy and in the summer he operated a peanut stand. He next worked at a jewelry store in Centerville, Iowa and later at a store in Unionville, Missouri. He returned to Bloomfield in 1888, to become a partner with his father in the family business.
In 1906, Sheaffer purchased a jewelry store in Fort Madison, Iowa. Inspired by the success of self-filling fountain pens -- notably, Conklins -- Sheaffer turned his attention to inventing a self-filling mechanism of his own. He received his first fountain pen patent in 1908, for a lever-filler, but did not put his design into production until 1912. The new business was incorporated at the end of January 1913 as the W.A. Sheaffer Pen Company; its success was rapid, and the jewelry store was soon sold. Within ten years, the company had joined the top rank of American pen manufacturers, and was advertising nationally. Sheaffer served as president of the company from 1913–1938. From 1938 until his death, he served as chairman of the board, while his son Craig Royer Sheaffer served as president.
Sheaffer died in Fort Madison.
- The Des Moines Register | Famous Iowans: Walter A. Sheaffer
- The New York Times | Walter Sheaffer, Manufacturer, 78, Founder of Company Making Fountain Pen Bearing His Name Dies In Iowa
- PenHero.com (Many photo illustrated reference articles and reviews on modern and vintage Sheaffer pens and large list of pen links in PenBookmarks section.)
- New Evidence for the Early History of the Sheaffer Pen Company: The First Sheaffer Pens