Walter Alva (born 28 June 1951), full name is Walter Alva Alva, is a Peruvian archaeologist, specializing in the study and excavation of the prehistoric Moche culture. Alva is noted for two major finds: the tomb of the Lord of Sipan and related people in 1987, and 2007.
Early life and education
Lord of Sipan
In 1987, Alva was called by police to investigate a site at Sipán, where huaqueros (grave robbers) had stolen artifacts from an archaeological site. Despite being ill with bronchitis, he made the trip. The robbers had discovered a crypt of a lord, filled with jewels and gold, and Alva knew it was significant. Alva did most of the excavating without delay, as he was concerned that robbers might come back and cause more damage. As a result, he started digging without any funding or the support of the area police, with matters made worse as the result of the primary robber being killed by police.
After further digging, Alva found, among other things, the undamaged body of a Moche lord. From these finds, he and other scholars were able to determine that Huaca Rajada, a group of three pyramids once thought to belong to the later Chimú culture, were a part of Moche culture. The findings were later described by the National Geographic Society as the richest intact pre-Columbian tomb in the Western Hemisphere.
During many of these years, Alva was the director of the Bruning Archaeological Museum in Lambayeque, Peru.
Murals at Ventarron
In 2007, Alva discovered murals at a 4,000-year-old Peruvian temple in Ventarron. The murals, showing a deer caught in a net, are considered the oldest murals in the Americas. Alva determined their age by the process of carbon dating. The construction material that was used at the temple was not primitive. As a result, Alva was able to show that the civilization was able to spread farther than originally thought. He worked on the dig with his son Ignacio, who is also an archaeologist.
Legacy and honors
- 1990, the Orden del Sol del Peru was awarded to Alva.
- Jorge Pereyra Terrones (June 5, 2009). 101 Razones por las que estoy orgulloso de ser Cajamarquino (in Spanish). p. 87.
- "Raiders of the Lost Tomb". UnMuseum. Retrieved 2010-02-09.
- "Walter Alva". Minnesota State University, Mankato. Retrieved 2010-02-09.
- Gomer, Peter (September 14, 1988). "Gold-filled tomb casts light on ancient culture". Chicago Tribune. p. 1.
- Heam, Kelly (November 12, 2007). "Oldest Temple, Mural in the Americas Found in Peru". National Geographic. Retrieved 2010-02-09.
- "Ancient Peruvian Temple Hints at Lost Civilization". FOX News. November 13, 2007. Retrieved 2010-02-09.
- "Archaeologists find pre-Columbian tomb". MSNBC.com. July 7, 2008. Retrieved February 19, 2009.