Walter Edward Davidson
Sir Walter Davidson
|Governor of New South Wales|
17 February 1918 – 15 September 1923
|Preceded by||Gerald Strickland|
|Succeeded by||Dudley de Chair|
|Governor of Newfoundland|
15 January 1913 – 15 September 1917
|Prime Minister||Edward Morris|
|Preceded by||Ralph Champneys Williams|
|Succeeded by||Charles Alexander Harris|
|Born||20 April 1859|
Valletta, Crown Colony of Malta
|Died||15 September 1923 (aged 64)|
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
|Alma mater||Christ's College, Cambridge|
Sir Walter Edward Davidson, KCMG (20 April 1859 – 15 September 1923) was a colonial Administrator and diplomat. He served periods as Governor of the Seychelles, Governor of Newfoundland and as Governor of New South Wales, where he died in office.
Early life and career
Born in April 1859 at Valletta on the Crown Colony of Malta, Davidson was the son of James Davidson of Killyleagh, Ireland, an agent for the Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company. After being educated at Magdalen College School, Oxford, Davidson graduated from Christ's College, Cambridge. In 1880 he entered the Ceylon Civil Service and, by 1898, had risen to be Chairman of the Colombo Municipal Council and Mayor of Colombo (1897–1898). Following the peace treaty for the Second Boer War in South Africa in May 1902, Davidson was on 21 June appointed Colonial Secretary in the Colony of Transvaal, and thus a member of the executive council of the governor, Lord Milner. He was appointed a Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG) later the same year. In the following years he was involved in the post-Boer War reconstruction of the colony, until he left the office in 1904.
Governor of Seychelles and Newfoundland
In mid 1904 he was appointed as Governor of the Seychelles, which had become a separate colony from Mauritius in 1903. On 21 October 1907 he married Margaret Agnes Feilding, who was the daughter of General Sir Percy Feilding. As Governor, Davidson involved himself in the development of the new colony and made regular visits throughout the colony to increase the visibility of his role. During his administration he was responsible for the construction of the Le Niol Reservoir, the Carnegie Library and also for the design of the Colonial State House of which he was the first occupant. In 1911 he received the King George V Coronation Medal. He served until his promotion in 1912.
On 15 January 1913 he was appointed as Governor of the Dominion of Newfoundland. For his long service, in 1914 he was appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG). During the First World War, Davidson helped direct Newfoundland's military effort in his role as Chairman of the Newfoundland Patriotic Association, and was very influential in public affairs. As Honorary Colonel of the Royal Newfoundland Regiment and as Commander-in-Chief of the Newfoundland Forces, he played an active role in recruitment and organisation. His term expired and he left Newfoundland in 1917 just as the financial situation for Newfoundland was in sharp decline, and the political consensus over which he and the prime minister, Sir Edward Morris, had presided since 1914, was breaking down.
Governor of New South Wales
In September 1917 he was recommended and appointed as the next Governor of New South Wales, succeeding Sir Gerald Strickland, and arrived in Sydney, New South Wales on 17 February 1918. Despite a reduction by Premier William Holman in the Governor's allocated funds, the Davidsons entered enthusiastically into the round of vice-regal duties. For her work with the Red Cross Society, both in Newfoundland and New South Wales, Lady Davidson was appointed as a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) in 1918, and in August 1920 presided at a meeting to inaugurate the State branch of the Girl Guides' Association. As Governor, he was made a Knight of Grace of the Venerable Order of St John of Jerusalem (KStJ) on 25 October 1916 and a member of the Savile Club, London.
In January 1920 the Labor Premier, John Storey, sought Davidson's approval concerning additional appointments to the New South Wales Legislative Council. Though he was of the opinion that the size of the Upper House ought not to be increased, in August Davidson approved the nomination of sixteen new members. On the 20 December 1920, Storey's successor, James Dooley, and his cabinet resigned after having lost a vote in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly a week before. Davidson then commissioned the Leader of the Opposition, Sir George Fuller, as Premier. However, as Fuller did not have a majority, his attempts to form government failed. After serving as Premier for seven hours, Fuller requested a double-dissolution from Davidson. Davidson refused, on the basis that Dooley still had a majority in the lower house, and Fuller resigned. Davidson then re-commissioned Dooley, who was granted a dissolution. Upon Dooley's defeat in the March 1921 elections, Davidson wrote to the Secretary of State for the Colonies, Winston Churchill, of his "Labour friends: they were likeable men, upright and simple, and not ashamed to take advice". In September 1922 it was announced that his term of office would be extended until March 1924.
While still in office, Davidson died of cardiovascular disease at Government House, Sydney on 16 September 1923. After lying-in-state at St Andrew's Cathedral, Sydney and a full state funeral, he was buried in South Head cemetery, where in 1925 a memorial was erected by public subscription. On the news of his death, the Sydney Morning Herald paid tribute to his "Splendid record of Empire service" and noted that "the whole community shares a common and heartfelt sorrow at the passing of the one of the most distinguished and popular of His Majesty's overseas representatives".
After his death in 1923, an area of land around Frenchs Forest was proclaimed as "Davidson State Park" in his honour and, subsequently, the suburb of Davidson that developed later took his name. In 1972 the local Davidson High School was established and dedicated in his name. In recognition of her service during the Davidson's time as Vicereine, Lady Davidson Hospital in Turramurra was dedicated in 1923 and Lady Davidson Circuit in Forestville were named in Lady Davidson's honour.
Titles, styles and honours
|Viceregal styles of|
Sir Walter Davidson
|Reference style||His Excellency|
|Spoken style||Your Excellency|
- 20 April 1859 – 1897: Walter Davidson, Esq
- 1897–1898: His Worship Walter Davidson, Mayor of Colombo
- 1898–1902: Walter Davidson, Esq
- 1902–1904: Walter Davidson CMG
- 1904–1913: His Excellency Walter Davidson CMG, Governor of the Seychelles
- 1913–1914: His Excellency Walter Davidson CMG, Governor of Newfoundland, Commander-in-Chief of the Newfoundland Forces
- 1914–1917: His Excellency Sir Walter Davidson KCMG, Governor of Newfoundland, Commander-in-Chief of the Newfoundland Forces
- 1917 – 15 September 1923: His Excellency Sir Walter Davidson KCMG, Governor of New South Wales
|Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG)||1914|
|Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG)||1902|
|Knight of Grace of the Venerable Order of St John of Jerusalem (KStJ)||1916|
|King George V Coronation Medal||1911|
- "Davidson, Sir Walter Edward (1859 - 1923)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- "Davidson, Walter Edward (DVT878WE)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- "Latest intelligence - Lord Milner and the Transvaal". The Times (36801). London. 23 June 1902. p. 5.
- "Sir Walter Edward Davidson KCMG (1904-1912)". The Seychelles National Archives. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- "No. 28682". The London Gazette. 17 January 1913. p. 406.
- "No. 28842". The London Gazette (Supplement). 19 June 1914. p. 4878.
- "Davidson, Sir Walter Edward (1859-1923)". The Governorship of Newfoundland and Labrador. Retrieved 28 March 2010.
- Clune, David; Turner, Ken (2009). The Governors of New South Wales: 1788-2010. Sydney: Federation Press. pg 446–455.
- "No. 29804". The London Gazette. 27 October 1916. p. 10417.
- "DEATH OF SIR WALTER DAVIDSON". Sydney Morning Herald 17 September 1923 pg 9. Australian National Library. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollon, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8, page 81
- "Our School - History". Davidson High School. Archived from the original on 6 October 2008. Retrieved 2 June 2009.
- The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollen, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8, page 256
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Walter Edward Davidson.|
George Vandeleur Fiddes
| Colonial Secretary of the Transvaal
Sir Ernest Sweet-Escott
| Governor of the Seychelles
Sir Charles O'Brien
Sir Ralph Williams
| Governor of Newfoundland
Sir Charles Harris
Sir Gerald Strickland
| Governor of New South Wales
Admiral Sir Dudley de Chair