Walter Ewing Crum

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Walter Ewing Crum (22 July 1865 – 20 April 1944[n 1]) was a Scottish Coptologist, or scholar in Coptic language and literature. In 1939 he completed A Coptic Dictionary, a dictionary of translations from Coptic to English.

Early life and education[edit]

The eldest son of Alexander Crum of Thornliebank, Glasgow, Crum attended Eton and graduated in 1888 from Balliol College, Oxford. He continued his studies of Egyptology in Paris and in Berlin with Adolf Erman, who remained a lifelong friend.[1]

Career[edit]

Research[edit]

Crum spent much of his career cataloguing various Coptic materials, including the manuscript holdings of the John Rylands Library and the British Museum.[2] The Coptic dictionary is his most prominent publication, and he wrote several additional books and many articles.[1]

Recognition[edit]

He received an honorary doctorate from the University of Berlin and an honorary D.Litt. from Oxford University.[1] He was a Fellow of the British Academy and was elected a Foreign Member of the American Philosophical Society shortly before his death.[1] A Festschrift, Coptic Studies in Honor of Walter Ewing Crum, was published in 1950 as a special issue of the Bulletin of the Byzantine Institute of America.[3][4]

Works[edit]

  • Catalogue of the Coptic manuscripts in the British Museum. British Museum (1905)
  • A Coptic Dictionary. 6 vols. Oxford University/Clarendon Press, 1929–39. Repr. with introduction by James M. Robinson. Ancient Language Resources. Eugene, Oregon: Wipf and Stock, 2005. ISBN 9781597523332.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ So stated in W. H. Worrell, Review of Coptic Studies in Honor of Walter Ewing Crum Archived 22 April 2020 at the Wayback Machine, Speculum 27.1, January 1952, pp. 88–94, p. 88. However, Gerald Bonner, "The Crum Papers", The British Museum Quarterly 28.3/4, Autumn 1964, pp. 59–67, p. 59, gives his date of death as 18 May 1941.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d H. I. Bell, "Walter Ewing Crum" Archived 22 April 2020 at the Wayback Machine, The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 30, December 1944, pp. 65–66.
  2. ^ "Coptic Monuments By W. E. Crum (Kiraz Historical Catalogues Archive 6)" Archived 11 September 2016 at the Wayback Machine, Gorgias Press, 2005, retrieved 26 June 2014.
  3. ^ Coptic Studies in Honor of Walter Ewing Crum, Bulletin of the Byzantine Institute 2 (1950), OCLC 715404377
  4. ^ W. H. Worrell, Review of Coptic Studies in Honor of Walter Ewing Crum Archived 22 April 2020 at the Wayback Machine, Speculum 27.1, January 1952, pp. 88–94.

Further reading[edit]