Walter HWK 109-500
|HWK 109-500 on display at the Royal Air Force Museum Cosford|
|Type||Liquid-propellant rocket (assist unit)|
|Manufacturer||Hellmuth Walter Kommanditgesellschaft|
The 109-500 is a self-contained. modular monopropellant Starthilfe (take-off assist) engine in a pod, able to produce 500 kg (1,100 lb) thrust for thirty seconds. After the fuel was expended, the pod was jettisoned and it returned to earth by parachute, with the parachute packed externally, onto the blunt forward end of the pod.
The T-Stoff monopropellant, stored in the large spherical tank within the Starthilfe module's forward end, needed to react with a catalyst to provide the boosting thrust for an aircraft on takeoff - this Z-Stoff sodium or calcium-based, alkaline permanganate-compound (in an aqueous solution) catalyst was provided in a small tank above the reaction chamber just forward of the exhaust nozzle, with compressed air from a network of five pressure tanks driving the monopropellant and catalyst together through the reaction chamber, which featured an internal, fixed helical "swirl baffle" to lengthen the period of time the monopropellant and catalyst were in contact for a more complete catalytic reaction within it, before the reacted T-Stoff exhaust exited the nozzle.
It entered service in 1942, and some 6,000 were built, by Heinkel. It was "used extensively on a wide range of aircraft", especially the potentially underpowered (when heavily laden with external ordnance) Jumo 004-engined Arado Ar 234B, with two of the units uniquely displayed as mounted operationally on the NASM's sole surviving, restored Ar 234B.
- Arado Ar 234
- Blohm & Voss BV 138
- Junkers Ju 88
- Heinkel He 111
- Messerschmitt Me 321
- Messerschmitt Me 323
- Type: Liquid propellant rocket
- Length: N/K[clarification needed]
- Diameter: N/K[clarification needed]
- Dry weight: 125 kg (276 lb)
- Loaded weight: 250 kg (550 lb)
- Compressor: N/A
- Combustors: Hypergolic de-composition of Hydrogen Peroxide (80% H2O2) in a single de-composition chamber.
- Fuel type: T-Stoff monopropellant - (80% Hydrogen peroxide oxidiser catalysed by Z-Stoff Permanganate catalyst)
- Maximum thrust: 4.90 kN (1,102 lbf)
- Thrust-to-weight ratio: 0.020 kN/kg (2 lbf/lb) loaded; 0.039 kN/kg (4 lbf/lb) at exhaustion
- Walter HWK 109-507 guided ordnance booster rocket module
- Christopher, John (2012). The race for Hitler's X-planes : Britain's 1945 mission to capture secret Luftwaffe technology. Stroud: History. p. 125. ISBN 978-0752464572.
- Reddin, Shamus. "Walter HWK 109-500 RI-201: "Cold" Rocket Assisted Take-Off Pack". walterwerke.co. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
- Nowarra, Heinz J. (1993). Die Deutsche Luftruestung 1933–1945 Vol.4 – Flugzeugtypen MIAG-Zeppelin (in German). Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe Verlag. pp. 121, 124. ISBN 3-7637-5468-7.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Walter HWK 109-500.|
- "Luftwaffe RATO engines - Walter HWK 500". You Tube. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
- British 'Walterwerke' Reference Page on HWK 109-500 Starthilfe RATO Unit
- Polish Aviation Museum online infopage on the uprated, experimental HWK 109-501 RATO booster
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