Walter Hill (director)

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Walter Hill
Walter Hill 1150.jpg
Hill in 2014
Born (1942-01-10) January 10, 1942 (age 74)
Long Beach, California, U.S.
Occupation Film director, screenwriter, film producer
Years active 1968–present
Spouse(s) Hildy Gottlieb
(1986–present)
Children 2

Walter Hill (born January 10, 1942) is an American film director, screenwriter, and producer. He is widely known for his action films and revival of the Western genre. He has directed such films as The Warriors, Hard Times, The Driver, Southern Comfort, 48 Hrs. and its sequel Another 48 Hrs., Red Heat, Last Man Standing, Undisputed, and Bullet to the Head, as well as writing the Steve McQueen crime drama The Getaway. He has also directed several episodes of television series such as Tales from the Crypt and Deadwood and produced the Alien films.

Hill said in an interview that "every film I've done has been a Western", and elaborated in another that "the Western is ultimately a stripped down moral universe that is, whatever the dramatic problems are, beyond the normal avenues of social control and social alleviation of the problem, and I like to do that even within contemporary stories".[1]

Early life[edit]

Hill was born in Long Beach, California, the younger of two sons. His paternal grandfather was a wildcat oil driller; his father worked at Douglas Aircraft as a supervisor on the assembly line.[2] Hill has said that his father and grandfather were "smart, physical men who worked with their heads and their hands" and had "great mechanical ability".[3] Hill's family had originally come from Tennessee and Mississippi, "one of those fallen Southern families, shirtsleeves to shirtsleeves in three generations".[4]

Growing up in southern California, Hill was asthmatic as a child and, as a result, missed several years of school.[3]

What it did for me, despite the discomfort, it made you comfortable being alone with yourself. You weren't as surrounded by your peers as everybody else your age was. You learn to amuse yourself. In my case it meant tremendous amount of reading at an early age... I read, listened to radio... I became utterly besotted with daytime serials. In the later afternoon, when kids were meant to be home, there were more adventures... it enabled me to live in an imaginary world where one is comfortable with abstract ideas, dominated by stories, narrative, and characters.[2]

Hill became a film fan at an early age, and the first film he remembers seeing was Song of the South. He later described his taste as "juvenile", stating: "I liked adventure, westerns, but I liked everything. Musicals. But the general, I remember not liking kid movies... still don't, I think that's hung on."[2] His asthma receded when he was 15 and he began to think about becoming a writer.[2] He worked in the oil fields as a roustabout on Signal Hill, California during high school and several more years while in college. During one summer, he ran an asbestos pipe-cutting machine and worked as a spray painter.

As a teenager, Hill contemplated being a comic book illustrator and studied art at the Universidad de las Américas, Mexico City.[4] "Mexico was as far away as I could get without any money," he says.[5]

He then transferred and majored in history at Michigan State University.[2][3] He said that, during this period, he was a particular fan of Ernest Hemingway's writing and came to believe that "the hardest thing to do is write clearly and simply, and make your point in an elegant way".[6] Upon graduation, Hill was called up for the army in 1964 but childhood asthma saw him ruled ineligible. This forced him to think about what he wanted to do for a career. "When you are that age, you think you are going to be in the army two years, it's a huge amount of time. You don't bother worrying about what you are doing. Suddenly, this whole thing was upon me."[6]

Through a friend Hill got a job in Los Angeles researching historical documentaries made by a company that was associated with Encyclopædia Britannica. He began writing scripts and developed the urge to direct.[4] Hill:

The other thing that had been happening had been my film going and appreciation, it had risen and risen. Seeing so many of the European films, Japanese films, I was part of this isolated community in east Hollywood. I remembered thinking just a little further west they are making the films I want to see. I'm going to do this. Sink or swim... I wanted to be a writer on my way to being a director. Directors were already my heroes. Kurosawa, number of Italian directors... Movies from England, France, Sweden, Italy. Poland... One wanted a chance to tell stories in an open, loose, not constricted Hollywood kind of way. At the same time you wanted to work in Hollywood... I was tremendously interested in genre films. Wanted to work within genre films.[6]

Career[edit]

Assistant director[edit]

After this contract to make historical documentaries finished, Hill worked for a time in the mail room at Universal ("Somebody told me that was a good way to meet people"[6]). He then got into in the training program of the Directors Guild of America, which enabled him to work in television as an apprentice. He observed and worked for over a year on such shows as Gunsmoke, Wild Wild West, Bonanza and Warning Shot. "I did a lot of shows for a couple of weeks, they would rotate you through," he says.[6]

Hill wound up as second assistant director on The Thomas Crown Affair in 1968.[1][7] He then went on to work as the uncredited second assistant director on Bullitt. In 1969, he was the second assistant director on a Woody Allen film, Take the Money and Run, but said he remembers doing very little except passing out the call sheets and filling out time cards.[3] He also worked as a first assistant director on some TV commercials. "I didn't have a shred of desire in those areas," says Hill of assistant directing. "I wanted to work and be around films. I certainly took my duties fairly seriously and all that. I didn't see it as a long term kind of commitment."[6]

Screenwriter[edit]

During this time Hill was writing screenplays at night and on the weekend.

“I began to read screenplays that were being made, and I hesitate to say this, but I guess I read them and said: ‘Christ, I could do that.'” It took him “four to five years to write my first screenplay writing at night, while I still had another day job.”[8]

He says one of his earlier works "was intensely personal about a love affair I had. It was terrible, I knew it.[6] It was not until he started writing in a more "structured narrative environment" that he "began to find my voice... I had a hard time finishing scripts. My problem was finding certain character narrative concerns. Once I finished scripts, I almost instantly made a living. Not only made a living, but got them made. From the time I finished them to the time they were getting made, making progress on the trail, that all happened pretty quickly.[6]

Hill later said, "I was very sympathetic and identified with the New Hollywood.” But his films “are, or were, rather retro. That is to say, I didn’t tackle subjects. I wanted to do genre films."[8]

Hickey and Boggs[edit]

Hill's first completed screenplay, a Western called Lloyd Williams and His Brother, was optioned by Joe Wizan, but it was never made.[9]

However the script was admired at Warner Bros who then asked Hill to pitch some projects. He came up with a detective story, Hickey & Boggs and the studio agreed to finance a draft. "Detective films were very old hat, not the kind of thing a young screenwriter was going to pitch," recalls Hill. "I think they were intrigued, maybe fresh air could be blown into a venerable genre."[10]

Warners liked the Hickey & Boggs script and hired Hill to rewrite the script for The Thief Who Came to Dinner, for which he ended up getting sole credit. Hickey & Boggs was later sold to United Artists and rewritten by director Robert Culp.[11] Hill said he felt the film "had some nice moments, but it was cast much differently than it was written. I wasn't too excited about it."[12]

The Getaway[edit]

Meanwhile, Peter Bogdanovich's ex-wife Polly Platt, a film editor, had read Hill's script for Hickey & Boggs and recommended him to co-write The Getaway, which Bogdanovich was going to make with Steve McQueen.[3][13] Bogdanovich and Hill worked on the script together in San Francisco while Bogdanovich was directing What's Up, Doc? Hill says that Bogdanovich was interested in making the film a more Hitchcock-type movie. They had completed 25 pages when they went back to L.A., whereupon McQueen fired Bogdanovich without reading any of their work. Sam Peckinpah came on to direct; Hill started from scratch and wrote his own script in six weeks.[3] The resulting movie was a big hit which Hill later described "of the films I wrote, I thought it was far and away the best one, and most interesting."[10]

Hill and Peckinpah got along well and for a time it seemed Peckinpah might direct Lloyd Williams but he decided to make Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid instead. The Thief Who Came to Dinner eventually came out. Walter Hill later said "Warren Oates was very good in the movie - better than the movie was. They cut a lot of things of his out of the movie they shouldn't have."[12]

Two with Paul Newman[edit]

Hill went on to write a pair of Paul Newman films, The Mackintosh Man and The Drowning Pool. By Hill's own admission, his work on The Mackintosh Man "wasn't much" and he did it to settle a lawsuit with Warner Bros, with whom he was angry for selling Hickey & Boggs - Warners offered to settle the suit of Hill wrote a screenplay, offering him the chance to adapt his choice of several novels that the studio owned the film rights to.[3] He picked The Freedom Trap, by Desmond Bagley. It and Bagley's novel, are loosely based on the exposure and defection of George Blake, a Soviet mole in MI6.

"I wrote a quick script which I was not particularly enamored with myself," Hill said. However it attracted the interest of Paul Newman and John Huston. "One would like to think you are mistaken about the wonders of your work, but I didn't believe it. That part turned out to be true. I went over to work on the script with Huston. He wasn't very well, I ended up with sole screen credit, but one of the problems is the screen credit is misleading very often. I wrote 90% of the first half, various people wrote the rest. I didn't think it was a very good film.[10] Hill says he never saw the final product, but was told it was "a real bomb".[12]

Producers Larry Turman and David Foster asked Hill to adapt Ross Macdonald's novel The Drowning Pool for Robert Mulligan to direct as a sequel to a previous Newman film, Harper. The producers did not like the direction Hill took with his script - he later estimated only two scenes in the final film were his[12] - so he left the project to write Hard Times for Larry Gordon at Columbia Pictures.[3]

Turning Director: Hard Times[edit]

By the early 1970s, Hill wanted to direct.

I think in casual conversation I would have told anybody I wanted to direct. At the same time I knew Hollywood was a closed off place... It was much harder to get in. To be an older director was a very positive thing. It meant you had survived, knew your way, could make things and make them meet your economic responsibilities. It was always paramount in studio minds, especially in those days... If I was going to direct I was going to write my way in. No TV, no play, I was simply somebody who said I have a sensibility, I think I can do this, based on nothing other than my scripts basically.[14]

Hill met producer Lawrence Gordon in 1973. He agreed to let Hill direct a film if he wrote a screenplay for him. Hill made a deal to write and direct for scale and in turn got a shot at directing.[3] The result was Hill's 1975 breakthrough film, Hard Times, made on location in New Orleans for just $2.7 million in 38 days.[15] James Coburn played a fast-talking promoter of illegal street fights in 1930s New Orleans and Charles Bronson played the boxer protagonist.

The film was also a turning point for Hill as a screenwriter. He read Alexander Jacobs' screenplay for the John Boorman film Point Blank and considered it a "revelation" in terms of style and format.[3] He decided to tailor his own scripts in that manner, as he described it, "extremely spare, almost Haiku style. Both stage directions and dialogue."[3] He was also influenced by Sam Peckinpah.[16] Hill wrote Hard Times, The Driver, The Warriors, and an uncredited rewrite of Alien in this style.

He created a TV series Dog and Cat which premiered in 1977 starring a young Kim Basinger as a police officer. It was not a ratings success and was soon cancelled. However Hill's pilot script later influenced Shane Black's original script for Lethal Weapon.[17]

The Driver[edit]

Hill's second film as a director was The Driver starring Ryan O'Neal as a laconic getaway driver for hire and Bruce Dern as a driven cop pursuing him. No character in the film has a name; they are merely The Driver, The Detective, and so forth. Hill originally had wanted to cast Steve McQueen, but he turned down the role because he did not want to do another car film.[15]

"This Walter Hill is a force to be reckoned with," said O'Neal, "a first rate writer and an even better director. And he's fast. Most young directors today think they are David Lean."[18]

The Driver was financed by EMI Films who announced they would make a second film with Hill, a Western he wrote with Roger Spottiswoode, The Last Gun.[19] However The Driver was a commercial failure in the US. "To say it did not do well would be kind," said Hill. "Had I not been shooting The Warriors at the time, I don’t think my career would have survived. They loved it overseas, but in those days, that didn’t matter that much. It made exactly zero dollars in the United States. I remember the studio had this huge sheaf of Xeroxed reviews they’d handed me — you could stop a fucking .45 slug with this stack, it was so thick. And of all the reviews in this six-inch thick pile, there was only one good one."[20] (In 2016 Hill would say that "whenever they show retrospectives of my stuff, it’s usually the first thing they show. Sometimes you just have to wait it out."[20])

Alien[edit]

Around this time Hill set up his own production company, Brandywine Productions, to develop and produce films. A script came to him, Alien, which he optioned and rewrote with his partner, David Giler. Hill and Giler were not credited for their writing work. Hill decided not to direct the film, which became a massive hit.[21]

John Hughes later recalled, "I had been writing scripts for quite a while, but I never really knew what screenwriting was about until I read the script Walter wrote for Alien."[22]

The Warriors[edit]

Hill was going to make The Long Gun with Larry Gordon but when the financing on the project failed to materialize. Gordon showed Hill a copy of the novel The Warriors by Sol Yurick. They took it to Paramount Pictures because they were interested in youth films at the time and succeeded in getting the project financed. Hill remembers "it came together very quickly. Larry had a special relationship with Paramount and we promised to make the movie very cheaply, which we did. So it came together within a matter of weeks."[23]

When The Warriors was released there were a series of shootings and killings at screenings involving moviegoers on their way to or from showings.[24] This prompted Paramount to remove advertisements from radio and television completely and display ads in the press were reduced to the film's title. However the movie was very popular and received excellent reviews.

"Hollywood forgives a lot when you have a hit," said Hill. "I don't know what to say about it, other than the fact that it was just a gift in terms of getting it. The studio hated it, and didn't even want to release it. There was a lot of friction with management at the time. Some of it might have been my fault."[20]

The Long Riders[edit]

James Keach had developed a script about the Jesse James Gang, The Long Riders, which United Artists were willing to finance if a suitable director were to be found. Hill was approached and eagerly agreed to film his first Western. The movie is remembered for casting real-life acting brothers (the Keaches, Carradines, Quaids and Guests) as historical outlaw siblings (the James, Younger, Miller and Ford brothers).[25] Hill later said his "code" for the film was to keep "the jokes funny and the bullets real. It is about moral choices. I think people who object to violence shouldn't go to the movies.... The use of all the brothers can be perceived as a gimmick but I wanted a family feeling to the movie."[26] [26]

Southern Comfort[edit]

Hill's next movie was Southern Comfort, originally written in 1976. It was an intense Deliverance-style thriller about a group of U.S. Army National Guardsmen (including Keith Carradine, Powers Boothe and Fred Ward) on weekend maneuvers in the Louisiana bayou who find themselves fighting for survival in the swamps after offending some local Cajuns. The film was seen by many as an allegory for America's involvement in Vietnam, although Hill denies this is the case.[8] He and David Giler rewrote a script prepared by another another. According to Hill, "No studio wanted to make it, but an independent guy showed up who had a relationship with Fox. Liked it, said he would finance it."[27] The movie was critically acclaimed but, in Hill's words, it "didn't make a... nickel anywhere. Foreign domestic, anything... I was proud of the film... But I was disappointed in the lack of response. It was a universal audience failure... Usually you can say they loved it in Japan or something. I don't think anybody loved it anywhere."[27]

Hill's name was linked with a number of projects in the early 80s: Lone Star, from the play by James McClure to star Powers Boothe and Sigourney Weaver (1981),[28] The Last Good Kiss based on a novel by James Crumley,[29] and an adaptation of Red Harvest by Dashiell Hammett.[29] None of these were made. However Hill would soon direct his biggest hit.

48 Hours[edit]

Larry Gross later recalled meeting Hill in the early 80s:

He’d had some success, but then he had a series of setbacks. And there was also the scandal around The Warriors; any success had been eclipsed by the killings in the theaters. So there was that, as well as the noncommercial success of Southern Comfort and Long Riders and the fact that there was a writer’s strike. All of that meant that Walter hadn’t worked in a while. Meaning a year or so. And what happened was the strike ended and the studios didn’t have a lot of ready scripts. So this clever colleague, Larry Gordon, dusted off a script that had been shuttling around development and got it greenlit at Paramount with his friend Michael Eisner. And that script was 48 Hrs.[30]

48 Hours was originally meant to star Clint Eastwood and Richard Pryor but both dropped out. Nick Nolte became attached as star and Hill's then-girlfriend, a talent agent at ICM, recommended the role of the convict be played by an exciting new comic on Saturday Night Live, Eddie Murphy. The resulting movie was a problematic shoot, with many clashes between Paramount and Hill, but it resulted in a massive box office success.[3]

Streets of Fire[edit]

Hill's box office success with 48 Hours enabled him to raise the money for a stylish "rock 'n' roll fable", Streets of Fire. He almost set this up at Paramount but they changed their mind; Universal decided to finance instead. While initially a box office failure, it gained a greater following in subsequent years (as many of Hill's films have).

Hill was meant to follow it up with a big screen adaptation of Dick Tracy, replacing John Landis.[31] Hill worked on Dick Tracy for several drafts of the script and screenwriter Jack Epps Jnr says he "played a big role in reducing and focusing the screenplay".[32] Hill intended to make the film directly after Streets of Fire but eventually left the project after a dispute over budget with Universal and with star Warren Beatty; the project would be made several years later with Beatty directing.[33]

Brewster's Millions[edit]

Hill's success directing Eddie Murphy in 48 Hours saw him receive an offer to work with Richard Pryor in a new version of Brewster's Millions (1985). This was Hill's first - and, as of 2016, only - comedy. He says he purposefully made the film "to improve his bank account and success quotient".[34] and admitted it was "an aberration in the career line".[35] He added that "whatever [the film's] deficiencies, I think the wistful quality was there. I was happy about that. The picture did well and made money."[27]

After making Brewster's Millions Hill said he had another comedy in development at Universal. He also wanted to do a new version of The Magnificent Seven (1960) which he had written with Lukas Heller, "quite a bit different from the original - it's more Hawksian in flavour."[36] The plot had a female doctor hire seven mercenaries to defend a mentally retarded boy from a lynching.[37]

Crossroads, Blue City and Aliens[edit]

Hill followed this with Crossroads (1986), a music-themed drama from an original script by John Fusco inspired by the life and music of Robert Johnson. The score was done by Ry Cooder, who had been Hill's most regular composer since The Long Riders. The film performed poorly at the box office, despite the presence of Ralph Macchio in the lead.

He also co-wrote (with Lukas Heller) and executive produced Blue City (1986) from a 1947 novel by Ross MacDonald. Hill developed this project intended to star a leading man in his mid-30s but by the mid 1980s a number of popular young male actors had emerged, so the script was rewritten to accommodate one of them (Judd Nelson). Hill handed over directing duties to Michelle Manning, who made her debut as director.[38] The movie was a critical and commercial disaster.

However that year also saw the release of Aliens (1986), a sequel to Alien. Hill says he and Giler decided "the next one should be a straight action thriller -the military takes over- a patrol movie."[3] They hired Jim Cameron to make the film and worked on his original treatment "a bit". Hill had a story and executive producer credit on the film which was a massive hit.[3]

Extreme Prejudice[edit]

In 1987, he returned to hard-edged action with Extreme Prejudice, a contemporary Western for Carolco Films about the War on Drugs based on a story by John Milius and Fred Rexer, which had been originally written in the mid 1970s. It reunited Hill with Nick Nolte. The movie was a financial failure. Hill said he "tipped my hat to Sam [Peckinpah] a couple of times" in the film[39] and "I don't think it was understood how much genre parodying was involved in that picture. It rather mystified a lot of American critics but it has its defenders."[39]

Red Heat[edit]

Hill returned to the buddy-cop genre with Red Heat (1988), a sort of Glasnost-era reworking of 48 Hrs. with Arnold Schwarzenegger as a stoic Soviet cop who travels to Chicago to catch a Russian drug-dealer (Ed O'Ross). Schwarzenegger is partnered with a wisecracking American cop (James Belushi), who is as laid-back and mouthy as his Soviet counterpart is taciturn and humorless. Hill directed and rewrote Troy Kennedy Martin's script. The movie was a profitable, though it was considered a box office disappointment compared to another Schwarzenegger films around this time.

Around this time Hill was mention as wanting to make adaptation of Jim Thompson's Pop. 1280 but it was never made.[40] A project that was filmed was the horror anthology TV show Tales from the Crypt (1989–96), on which Hill worked as executive producer as well as directing a number of episodes.

Johnny Handsome[edit]

Hill ended the 1980s with Johnny Handsome (1989) starring Mickey Rourke. It was based on a 1972 novel about a criminal who has plastic surgery and seeks revenge on his colleagues who betrayed him. The project had been developed for a number of years - Hill says he turned down the job four times before deciding to do it when Harold Becker dropped out as director.[41] The film was a flop at the box office.

Hill had a number of projects in the late 1980s that were never made. These included American Iron (1989/1990), a film set in the world of bikers written by Hill, Mark Brunet, Daniel Pyne, and John Mankiewicz. He also did a draft (with David Giler]] of an adaptation of the Jim Harrison novella, Revenge - this was not used when turned into a film in 1990.

Another 48 Hours[edit]

Hill began the 1990s with the only sequel he has directed to date, Another 48 Hrs., with Murphy this time top-billed over Nolte. The sequel to his biggest commercial success was thought by many critics to be merely a retread of the original, but became the highest-grossing film that Hill has directed.[citation needed]

In 1991 he came close to directing a big screen version of the TV show The Fugitive with Alec Baldwin but Baldwin was not considered a big enough star. The film was made two years later with Harrison Ford without Hill.

Trespass and Alien 3[edit]

In 1992, Hill directed a film originally called Looters about two firemen who cross paths with criminals while searching for stolen loot in an abandoned East St. Louis tenement building. However, the L.A. Riots broke out shortly before the film's release and the studio delayed its opening, eventually changing the title to Trespass.[42]

Following this, he and David Giler wrote a remake of The Killer and plans were announced to make it with Richard Gere and Denzel Washington.[43] However the film did not proceed. He and Giler also wrote the final script for Alien 3, as well as co-producing it.

In 1993 Hill changed his agent.[44]

Geronimo and Wild Bill[edit]

Hill planned to direct Alec Baldwin in a new version of The Getaway based on Hill's original script. Then there was a dispute over the budget and Hill left the project in order to make Geronimo: An American Legend. This was well received by the critics, but fared poorly at the box office. This happened to The Getaway (1994) which ended up being directed by Roger Donaldson from Hill's script.

In 1994 Hill and his wife, former agent Hildy Gottlieb, signed a two year non-exclusive deal with Paramount. They developed a film, Sudden Country, an action adventure in the vein of Treasure Island set in late 1800s Texas to star Elijah Wood based on a novel by Loren Estleman.[45][46][47][48]

The film was not made. Instead Hill wrote and directed a second biopic, Wild Bill (1995). This too had little critical or commercial success. Hill reflected on his career in 1995:

I think every director thinks that he hasn't been allowed to make the films he wanted to make. I certainly haven't been able to make as many Westerns as I've wanted. (But) sometimes staying alive in a career sense is very important, and you think, `Maybe I'll do this, which will do well and allow me to do that.' It's very easy to miscalculate. It's a dangerous game. But I think in the end, none of us have anybody to blame except ourselves. It can be very hard. The kinds of things that directors most want to do are usually not things the studio perceives to be commercially viable. It really is that simple. Is that true of me? Sure. Absolutely. But it's no more true of me than 50 other people I know.[47]

Hill admitted his style of films were becoming less fashionable:

I admire a lot of what's going on out there, but the oversize kind of cartoon action movies is not something I'm terribly comfortable with. I think what I do is much more in the tradition that the bullets are real and they'll knock you down. I used to really get criticized for my lack of realism, but now I think my films are perceived to be vastly more realistic than most of the action movies that are happening out there... I think one of the things about being a director is, you should always try to re-create within yourself the kind of emotions you had watching film when you were very young. The kind of action movies that I always liked, the kind of comic books I always liked, were the serious ones. The characters were very realistic within the framework of the drama, and that kind of action movie interests me a lot more than the super-heroes. And so in that sense, maybe I'm slightly out of step, I suppose, but so be it.[47]

Hill continued as one of the three original producers on Alien: Resurrection, although he has stated in several interviews he has had nothing to do with the franchise since Alien 3.

Last Man Standing[edit]

His 1996 effort Last Man Standing with Bruce Willis, a Prohibition-era Western update of Yojimbo (and thus reminiscent of that film's inspiration, Dashiell Hammett's Red Harvest, and its western incarnation, A Fistful of Dollars) saw him return to his earlier style to some extent: a gruff antihero and a heavy focus on stylized action.

He and the team who made Tales from the Crypt - Joel Silver, Richard Donner, Robert Zemeckis, and David Giler - tried to repeat their success with another anthology, Perversions of Science (1997). Hill worked as producer and directed an episode. However it was not as popular.

In the late 1990s he rewrote an Andrew Kevin Walker script that was never made, Red, White, Black and Blue.

Supernova[edit]

Hill then directed the 2000 film Supernova. When the studio did not agree with his vision, they brought in Francis Ford Coppola to re-cut the film. This caused Hill to withdraw from the project and credit himself with the pseudonym "Thomas Lee" (a variation of Alan Smithee), and chose not to be associated with the finished product. Hill called his original version a much darker take than the final product.

"One, it was embarrassing and, two, it made me think about quitting," said Hill. "While Coppola's intentions were honorable, I think he made a bad situation worse. I didn't do anything for a year. I was fortunate enough that I could buy my children a hot lunch. Then, I decided I wanted to work again."[49]

Undisputed[edit]

In 2002, Hill directed the prison boxing film Undisputed starring Wesley Snipes, Ving Rhames and Peter Falk.[50]

In 2002 he said he wanted to make Vengeance is Mine, an original contemporary thiller set in Las Vegas, which he had written with Giler.[51] It was not made.

In 2003 Quentin Tarantino said Hill was still worthy of admiration." I think in the last 10 years he's had a big resurgence in creativity. I think he lost his way for a while in the '80s. "Johnny Handsome" I thought was a return to form . . . But I thought with 'Geronimo' he went to a really fantastic place. Everybody talked about how boring it was. But I didn't. I thought he made a really great classic Western and America just wasn't worthy of the privilege."[52]

Deadwood and Broken Trail[edit]

Hill served as a director and consulting producer for the pilot episode of the HBO Western drama TV series Deadwood in 2004.[53] The series was created by David Milch and focused on a growing town in the American West. Hill's work on Deadwood has seen him return to favour in critical circles to some extent, earning him an Emmy in 2004 and a DGA award in 2005. However Hill had a falling out with Milch during the editing of the pilot and did not work on any other episodes of the show.

Hill continued his work with westerns by directing the mini series Broken Trail, which became the highest-rated film made by a cable network when it premiered on AMC.[15] It also earned him yet another Emmy when it was awarded for Best Mini-Series. Hill also won a second DGA award for his efforts on Broken Trail.

In 2006 he reflected on his career saying "Those who have been doing for this for 40 years would like to think that it's a kind of Darwinian survival of the talented. But I think that's half the picture. It has as much as to do with the survival of temperament. There are few people still working now that started when I did. Not many people have the temperament to deal with that."[54]

2010s[edit]

In the 2010s Hill described his status as "semi retired" and said he had a number of projects fall over. Hill:

The desirability of hiring directors over 60 is fairly diminished in this marketplace. At the same time, I hadn't had a good-sized hit in quite a while. And, frankly, I went through a couple of experiences that left me pretty disgusted with it all, and I was thinking the time had passed. I was just sitting at home reading magazines and looking out the window — a couple of projects I had had just fallen apart — when I got a call from Sly, who had sent me a script.[55]

Sly was Sylvester Stallone who offered Hill the job of directing Bullet to the Head (2013). The movie was not a success at the box office.

He was going to write and direct a proposed remake of Whatever Happened to Baby Jane?[56] but it fell through.

He wrote a graphic novel, Triggerman that was published in France. He raised finance for a film he wrote and directed, (Re) Assignment (2916).

In 2016 he said in an interview “You are very privileged to be a director. There is a great quote I’ll get wrong of Samuel Johnson, the English poet and essayist, that: ‘We come to the arena uncalled, to seek our fortune and hazard disgrace. That’s the game, those are the rules.’ So I say to you as an audience, if you wanna feel sorry, feel sorry for the people in Syria, but don’t feel sorry for film directors.”[8]

Personal life[edit]

Hill married Hildy Gottlieb, a talent agent at International Creative Management, in New York City at Tavern on the Green on September 7, 1986. They have two daughters, Joanna and Miranda.[57]

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Functioned as Notes
Producer Director Writer
1972 Hickey & Boggs Yes
The Getaway Yes
1973 The Mackintosh Man Yes
The Thief Who Came to Dinner Yes
1975 The Drowning Pool Yes
Hard Times Yes Yes
1977 Dog and Cat Yes TV series
1978 The Driver Yes Yes
1979 Alien Yes
The Warriors Yes Yes
1980 The Long Riders Yes Nominated – Palme d'Or
1981 Southern Comfort Yes Yes
1982 48 Hrs. Yes Yes
1984 Streets of Fire Yes Yes
1985 Brewster's Millions Yes
1986 Crossroads Yes
Blue City Yes Yes Nominated - Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Picture
Aliens Yes Yes Story
1987 Extreme Prejudice Yes
1988 Red Heat Yes Yes Yes
1989 Johnny Handsome Yes
1989–1991 Tales from the Crypt Yes Yes Yes TV series
Executive producer
Directed 3 episodes
1990 Another 48 Hrs. Yes
1992 Alien 3 Yes Yes Nominated – Saturn Award for Best Writing
Trespass Yes
1993 Geronimo: An American Legend Yes Yes
1994 The Getaway Yes
1995 Wild Bill Yes Yes Yes
1996 Last Man Standing Yes Yes Yes
1997 Alien: Resurrection Yes
Perversions of Science Yes Yes TV series
Executive producer of 10 episodes
Director of 1 episode
2000 Supernova Yes
2002 Undisputed Yes Yes
2004 Alien vs. Predator Yes Nominated - Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Prequel, Remake, Rip-off or Sequel
Deadwood Yes TV series
Directed 1 episode
Won – DGA Award for Outstanding Directing – Drama Series
Won - Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Directing for a Drama Series
2006 Broken Trail Yes Yes TV series
Directed 2 episodes
Won – DGA Award for Outstanding Directing – Television Film
2007 Aliens vs. Predator: Requiem Yes Nominated – Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Prequel, Remake, Rip-off or Sequel
2012 Prometheus Yes
Bullet to the Head Yes
2016 (Re) Assignment Yes Yes
2017 Alien: Covenant Yes

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Axmaker, Sean (October 3, 2005). "Walter Hill: "Operate on your instincts"". GreenCine Daily. Retrieved December 12, 2007. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Interview with Walter Hill Part 1, Directors Guild of America 2007; accessed June 11, 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n McGilligan, Patrick (June 2004). "Walter Hill: Last Man Standing". Film International. Retrieved November 28, 2007. 
  4. ^ a b c The storyteller French, Philip. The Observer (1901- 2003) [London (UK)] 01 Nov 1981: 30.
  5. ^ Lee, Luaine (20 June 2006). "Walter Hill veers from his usual Westerns in 'Broken Trail'". Knight Ridder Tribune News Service. p. 1. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h "Interview with Walter Hill Part 2" Directors Guild of America 2007 accessed 11 June 2014
  7. ^ Movies: A 95-Pound Inspiration for Film Beginners Warga, Wayne. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, California], May 19, 1968: D14.
  8. ^ a b c d Hopwell, John; Lang, Jamie (11 October 2016). "Walter Hill: 'Don't Feel Sorry for Film Directors'". Variety. 
  9. ^ 'Kill' Role Next for Mason Lundy, Dori. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] April 10, 1971, p. C-11.
  10. ^ a b c "Interview with Walter Hill Chapter 3" Directors Guild of America; accessed July 12, 2014.
  11. ^ Cosby and Culp Together Again: Cosby, Culp Team Up Again POICCARD, MICHEL. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 03 Oct 1971: r1.
  12. ^ a b c d "Hard Riding", Greco, Mike, Film Comment 16.3 (May/Jun 1980): 13-19,80.
  13. ^ A Funny Girl in the 'Sandbox': Barbra in the 'Sandbox' By A. H. WEILER. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 18 July 1971: D11.
  14. ^ "Interview with Walter Hill Chapter 4" Directors Guild of America accessed 12 July 2014
  15. ^ a b c Stanley, John (May 27, 2007). "Walter Hill's Dark visions". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved December 12, 2007. 
  16. ^ Markowitz, Robert. "Visual History with Walter Hill". DGA. Retrieved March 11, 2013. 
  17. ^ http://collider.com/joel-silver-the-nice-guys-wonder-woman-interview/
  18. ^ Flatley, Guy (30 Dec 1977). "At the Movies". New York Times. p. C8. 
  19. ^ FILM CLIPS: 'The Body Snatchers' Moves Up Kilday, Gregg. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles] 22 Oct 1977: c11.
  20. ^ a b c Fear, David (16 September 2016). "Walter Hill on Controversial Revenge Thriller '(Re)Assignment'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 8 October 2016. 
  21. ^ Lovell, Glenn. "David Giler Producer" (PDF). Cinefantastique. pp. 18–20. 
  22. ^ NO MATTER WHAT THE FILM SETTING, THIS DIRECTOR STILL MAKES WESTERNS Lyman, Rick. Philadelphia Inquirer [Philadelphia, Pa] 03 June 1984: I.2.
  23. ^ http://www.esquire.com/entertainment/movies/interviews/a27499/the-warriors-walter-hill-interview/
  24. ^ Ads Resumed for a Gang Movie After Sporadic Violence at Theatres: Protest at Loew's State By ROBIN HERMAN. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 23 Feb 1979: A18.
  25. ^ A Brother Act a la Carradines, Keaches and Quaids SCHREGER, CHARLES. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 02 July 1979: e7
  26. ^ a b 'THE LONG RIDERS' IS LONG ON BROTHERS: 'THE LONG RIDERS' Lee, Grant. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 08 May 1980: h1.
  27. ^ a b c "Interview with Walter Hill Chapter 7" Directors Guild of Australia accessed 12 June 2014
  28. ^ FILM CLIPS: A SKELETON IN CLOSET OF 'BODIES' FILM CLIPS Boyer, Peter J. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles] 12 Aug 1981: g1.
  29. ^ a b MOVIES: Director Walter Hill: Ruggedly keeping the heroic tradition alive Kart, Larry. Chicago Tribune (1963-Current file) [Chicago] 11 Oct 1981: d11.
  30. ^ Oral history of Streets of Fire at Slash Film
  31. ^ 'DICK TRACY' DIRECTOR ON THE CASE Caulfield, Deborah. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles] 08 July 1983: g6.
  32. ^ "MSS 260 Jim Cash and Jack Epps, Jr. Papers, 1978-1991". Michigan State University. 
  33. ^ FILM CLIPS: 'TESTAMENT': ONE DEAL TOO MANY? FILM CLIPS: THE DEALS FOR 'TESTAMENT' London, Michael. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 21 Oct 1983: g1.
  34. ^ Director Hill puts extra dimension in Hollywood themes Thompson, Anne. Chicago Tribune 17 June 1988: GL.
  35. ^ Action man with an eye for character Dwyer, Michael. The Irish Times (Dublin) 13 Jan 1989: 14.
  36. ^ Hill, Walter (23 Aug 1984). "Saddled with an obsession". The Guardian. p. 11. 
  37. ^ Borsten, Joan (16 Dec 1984). "OUTTAKES". Los Angeles Times. p. t38. 
  38. ^ FILM CLIPS: YOUTH CALLS THE SHOTS IN 'BLUE CITY' London, Michael. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 15 Feb 1985: l1.
  39. ^ a b Action man with an eye for character Dwyer, Michael. The Irish Times (1921-Current File) [Dublin, Ireland] 13 Jan 1989: 14.
  40. ^ Director Hill puts extra dimension in Hollywood themes Thompson, Anne. Chicago Tribune (1963-Current file) [Chicago] 17 June 1988: GL.
  41. ^ "'Johnny' Was Not Attractive Walter Hill Agreed To Direct The Difficult Film Noir "Johnny Handsome" - But Only After Refusing The Job Four Times." By Desmond Ryan Philadelphia Inquirer 1 Oct 1989 accessed 6 Feb 2015
  42. ^ "Movie Looters release postponed till after summer". Toronto Star. May 6, 1992. 
  43. ^ O'Malley & Collin INC.: [NORTH SPORTS FINAL, C Edition] Kathy O'Malley & Dorothy Collin.. Chicago Tribune (pre-1997 Fulltext) [Chicago, Ill] 22 June 1992: 14
  44. ^ http://variety.com/1993/biz/news/hill-leaves-icm-for-wma-105850/
  45. ^ http://www.westernwriters.org/round-up/2012-june-ru-wister
  46. ^ "Company Town Paramount Signs `48 Hours' Director Hill to 2-Year Deal". Los Angeles Times. 4 Feb 1994. p. 5. 
  47. ^ a b c Lacher, Irene (3 Jan 1995). "Walter Hill Rides Again `Wild Bill,' the action director's latest effort, breaks out of saloon territory to explore the fields of moral ambiguity". Los Angeles Times. p. 1. 
  48. ^ Sandler, Adam (3 February 1994). hitches Hill ‘n’ Hildy http://variety.com/1994/film/news/par-hitches-hill-n-hildy-118035/title=Par hitches Hill ‘n’ Hildy Check |url= value (help).  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  49. ^ Lovell, Glenn (26 Aug 2002). "'Undisputed' director Walter Hill still is king of the ring". Knight Ridder Tribune News Service. p. 1. 
  50. ^ Fischer, Paul (August 22, 2002). "Not Over the Hill as Veteran Director Walter Delivers Knockout Punch". Film Monthly. Retrieved December 12, 2007. 
  51. ^ Clint Morris, "Undisputed: Interview with Walter Hill", Webwombat accessed 25 May 2014
  52. ^ Simon, Jeff (5 Oct 2003). "HURRICANE QUENTIN ; TARANTINO RETURNS IN A FURY OF BLOOD AND VIOLENCE WITH HIS TWO-PART "KILL BILL"". Buffalo News. p. F1. 
  53. ^ Walter Hill (director), David Milch (writer) (March 21, 2004). "Deadwood". Deadwood. Season 1. Episode 1. HBO. 
  54. ^ THE LONG RIDER; DIRECTOR WALTER HILL DISCUSSES HIS WORK, ART SCHOOLS AND SHOWBIZ TEMPERAMENT: [HOME Edition] Stoehr, John. Savannah Morning News [Savannah, Ga] 31 Oct 2006: 4F.
  55. ^ "The Great Action Director Walter Hill Attempts a Comeback (and Brings Along Sylvester Stallone)" By Nick Pinkerton LA WeeklyJanuary 31, 2013 accessed 26 April 2015
  56. ^ Kilday, Gregg (11 July 2012). "Walter Hill to Remake 'What Ever Happened to Baby Jane?'". The Hollywood Reporter. 
  57. ^ "Hildy Gottlieb Is the Bride of Walter Hill, a Director". New York Times. September 8, 1986. 

Interviews[edit]

External links[edit]