Walter Hook

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Signed photo of Walter Farquhar Hook
Walter Farquhar Hook
Walter Hook circa 1860
Statue in Leeds City Square

Walter Farquhar Hook (13 March 1798 – 20 October 1875), known to his contemporaries as Dr Hook, was an eminent Victorian churchman.

He was the Vicar of Leeds responsible for the construction of the current Leeds Parish Church and for many ecclesiastical and social improvements to the city in the mid-nineteenth century. His achievements, as a High Churchman and Tractarian in a non-conformist city are remarkable. Later in life he became Dean of Chichester.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Hook was born the son of James Hook, FRS and his wife Anne Farquhar, daughter of Sir Walter Farquhar MD, in London on 13 March 1798, and educated first at Blundell's School in Tiverton, then Winchester College, and Christ Church, Oxford, where he graduated in 1821. He obtained his MA in 1824, and his BD and DD in 1837. On taking Holy Orders in 1822, he served first as a curate at his father's church, St. Mildred's Church, Whippingham on the Isle of Wight, later as vicar at St. Mary's Church, Moseley, Birmingham, and, in 1828, vicar of the Holy Trinity Church, Coventry. He married Anna Delicia, (1811 – 5 April 1871) daughter of Dr John Johnstone of Birmingham on 4 June 1829 and they had several children.[1]

Leeds[edit]

His support for the ideals of the Tractarians exposed him to considerable criticism, but his "simple manly character and zealous devotion to parochial work gained him the support of widely divergent classes", according to the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica.

Leeds invited him to be its Vicar in 1837. The city was expanding as one of the seats of the early industrial revolution, in which non-conformists played a large part. The established church in the city was a minority denomination and dissenters were even elected as churchwardens. In 1842 the elections produced a slate of Chartist churchwardens.[2]

Hook rebuilt his church, using the church rate levied by the city authorities; this was in the face of objections from non-conformists. He went on to drive through the division of Leeds into 21 parishes, each with its own church. He accepted a reduction in his income and moved to a smaller parsonage, under a deal meaning that ground floor seats of parish churches in Leeds were bought by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, rather than allowing pew rentals)[3]

Hook fostered the building and support of some 30 schools. His interest in the education of children was contentious at the time, before the Education Acts of the late nineteenth century. His insistence on the necessity of education, and the duty of society to provide it, to some extent, was not what some of his richest parishioners believed.

The Parish Church remains as a physical legacy of Hook's work, being a significant early High Church Gothic revival design.

Chichester[edit]

Hook left Leeds to take up the Deanery of Chichester in 1859. He died 20 October 1875 and was buried in Mid Lavant, a small village near Chichester.[1]

Honours[edit]

He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1862 as someone "Eminent as a Divine. Author of the Lives of the Arch-bishops of Canterbury, of The Ecclesiastical Biography, Church Dictionary & several other works."[4]

A memorial to Hook was built in the Leeds Parish Church, and in 1903 a statue was erected to him in City Square, in the company of a select few other leading fathers of the city. What is now All Souls Church in Leeds was built by public subscription as the Hook Memorial.[5]

Writings[edit]

  • 1842: Church Dictionary (often reprinted)
  • 1845: Dictionary of Ecclesiastical Biography. 8 vols. 1845–1852
  • 1860: Lives of the Archbishops of Canterbury. 12 vols. 1860–1876

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Herring, George. "Hook, Walter Farquhar". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/13687.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. ^ Stephens (1878) pp. 118–119
  3. ^ Stephens (1878) pp. 170–173
  4. ^ "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 10 March 2012.
  5. ^ A Handbook to the Buildings of the Hook Memorial Leeds (1893) The Church Lodge, 26 Blackman Lane (Leeds), transcribed and republished 2011 by All Souls Church, Leeds

Sources[edit]

  • Leodis: Leeds
  • Stephens, W. R. W. (1878) The Life and Letters of Walter Farquhar Hook. 2 vols. London: Richard Bentley & Son
  • Obituary of Dean Hook, The Times, Thursday, 21 October 1875; p. 8; Issue 28452; col F

Further reading[edit]

  • Stranks, C. J. (1954) Dean Hook. London: A. R. Mowbray
  • Harry Dalton Anglican Resurgence under W.F.Hook in Early Victorian Leeds ISBN 0-900741-60-0

External links[edit]

Church of England titles
Preceded by
George Chandler
Dean of Chichester
1859–1875
Succeeded by
John William Burgon