Walter Hungerford, 1st Baron Hungerford of Heytesbury
|Walter Hungerford, 1st Baron Hungerford of Heytesbury|
|Father||Edward Hungerford (died 1522)|
|Died||28 July 1540
Walter Hungerford, 1st Baron Hungerford of Heytesbury (1503 – 28 July 1540), was created Baron Hungerford of Heytesbury in 1536.
Walter Hungerford was born in 1503 at Heytesbury, Wiltshire, the only child of Sir Edward Hungerford (died 1522) of Farleigh Hungerford, Somerset, and his first wife, Jane Zouche, daughter of John, Lord Zouche of Harringworth (1459–1526).
Hungerford was nineteen years old at his father's death in 1522, and soon afterwards appears as squire of the body to Henry VIII. In 1529 he was granted permission to alienate part of his large estates. On 20 August 1532 John Hussey, 1st Baron Hussey of Sleaford, whose daughter, Elizabeth, was Hungerford's third wife, wrote to Sir Thomas Cromwell stating that Hungerford wished to be introduced to him. A little later Hussey informed Cromwell that Hungerford desired to be sheriff of Wiltshire, a desire which was gratified in 1533. Hungerford proved useful to Cromwell in Wiltshire, and in June 1535 Cromwell made a memorandum that Hungerford ought to be rewarded for his well-doing. On 8 June 1536 he was summoned to parliament as Lord Hungerford of Heytesbury.
In 1540 he, together with his chaplain, a Wiltshire clergyman, named William Bird, who was suspected of sympathising with the pilgrims of grace of the north of England, was attainted by act of parliament. Hungerford was charged with employing Bird in his house as chaplain, knowing him to be a traitor; with ordering another chaplain, Hugh Wood, and one Dr. Maudlin to practise conjuring to determine the king's length of life, and his chances of victory over the northern rebels; and finally with committing offences forbidden by the Buggery Act 1533. He was beheaded at Tyburn on 28 July 1540, along with his patron Cromwell. It has been stated that before his execution Hungerford "seemed so unquiet that many judged him rather in a frenzy than otherwise."
- Edward (died 1607), became one of Queen Elizabeth’s gentlemen pensioners, and who married firstly, after 1574, Jane Hungerford, widow of William Forster of Aldermaston, Berkshire, and daughter of Anthony Hungerford of Down Ampney, Gloucestershire, and secondly Cecily Tufton (d.1653), daughter of Sir John Tufton of Hothfield, Kent, but died without issue. His widow married Francis Manners, 6th Earl of Rutland.
- Mary Hungerford, who married firstly Thomas Baker, esquire, and secondly Thomas Shaa.
He married thirdly, in October 1532, Elizabeth Hussey (d. 23 January 1554), daughter of John Hussey, 1st Baron Hussey of Sleaford, and his second wife, Anne Grey (d.1546), daughter of George Grey, 2nd Earl of Kent (d.1503), by his second wife, Katherine Herbert, daughter of William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke, by Anne Devereux. Hungerford's treatment of his third wife was remarkable for its brutality. In an appeal for protection which she addressed to Thomas Cromwell in about 1536, she asserted that he kept her incarcerated at Farleigh for three or four years, made some fruitless attempts to divorce her, and endeavoured on several occasions to poison her. There were no children from the marriage. After Hungerford's execution, she became the second wife of Sir Robert Throckmorton (d.1581).
- Harrison 1891, p. 260.
- Harrison 1891, p. 260 cites: Letters, &c. of Henry VIII, v. 538.
- Harrison 1891, p. 260 cites: cf. Letters, &c. of Henry VIII, vi. 340–341.
- Harrison 1891, p. 260 cites: Letters, &c. of Henry VIII. viii. 353.
- Harrison 1891, p. 260 cites: Parliament Roll, 31 & 32 Henry VIII, m. 42.
- Harrison 1891, p. 260 cites: A "brief abstract" of his escheated lands appears in Hoare's Modern Wiltshire, ‘Heytesbury Hundred,’ pp. 104–7).
- Burke 1866, p. 282.
- Macnamara 1895, pp. 154, 227, 235, 279-80.
- Harding 1982.
- W.J.J. 1981.
- Dale 1982.
- M.N. 1981.
- Loomie 2004.
- Hoyle 2004.
- Harrison 1891, p. 260 cites: printed from MS. Cotton Titus B. i. 397, in Wood's Letters of Royal and Illustrious Ladies, ii. 271 sq.
- Harrison 1891, p. 260 cites: cf. Froude, History of England, iii. 304 n. popular ed.
- Hardy 1881, p. 111.
- Burke, Bernard (1866). A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire. London: Harrison. p. 292.
- Dale, M. K. (1982). "Hungerford, Sir Anthony (by 1492-1558), of Down Ampney, Glos". In Bindoff,, S.T. The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1509-1558,. Boydell and Brewer. Retrieved August 2013.
- Harding, Alan (1982). "Hungerford, Sir Walter (by 1527-95/97), of Farleigh Hungerford, Som.". In Bindoff, S.T. The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1509-1558 II. London: Secker & Warburg. pp. 413–14. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
- Hardy, William John (1881). "Sir Walter Hungerford of Farley". The Antiquary (London: Elliot Stock) IV: 238–43.
- Hoyle, R.W. (2004). "Hussey, John, Baron Hussey (1465/6–1537)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/14266. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)The first edition of this text is available as an article on Wikisource: "Hussey, John". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- Loomie, A.J. (2004). "Manners, Francis, sixth earl of Rutland (1578–1632)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/17953. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.) The first edition of this text is available as an article on Wikisource: "Manners, Francis". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- Macnamara, F.N. (1895). Memorials of the Danvers Family. London: Hardy & Page. pp. 154, 227, 235, 279–80.
- M.N. (1981). "FORSTER, William (d.1574), of Aldermaston, Berks.". In Hasler, P.W. The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1558-1603. Boydell and Brewer. Retrieved August 2013.
- W.J.J. (1981). "Hungerford, Sir Edward (by 1532-1607), of Farleigh Castle, Somerset, History of Parliament". In Hasler, P.W. The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1558-1603. Boydell and Brewer. Retrieved August 2013.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Harrison, William Jerome (1891). "Hungerford, Walter (1503-1540)". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography 28. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 259–261. Endnotes
- Dugdale's Baronage;
- Burke's Extinct Peerage;
- Hoare's Hungerfordiana, 1823;
- Jackson's Guide to Farleigh-Hungerford, 1853, and Sheriffs of Wiltshire;
- Burnet's Hist. of Reformation, i. 566–7;
- Hall's Society in the Elizabethan Age;
- Hoare's Modern Wiltshire, Heytesbury Hundred, pp. 110 sq.;
- Brewer and Gairdner's Letters and Papers of Henry VIII; Antiquary, ii. 233.
- Ashton, D.J. (2004). "Hungerford, Walter, Baron Hungerford of Heytesbury (1503–1540)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/14183. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Rylands, W. Harry (1909). The Visitation of the County of Buckingham. LVIII. London: Harleian Society. pp. 40–2. Retrieved 10 May 2013.