Walter Kempowski

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Walter Kempowski

Walter Kempowski (April 29, 1929 – October 5, 2007[1][2][3]) was a German writer. Kempowski was known for his series of novels called German Chronicle ("Deutsche Chronik") and the monumental Echolot ("Sonar"), a collage of autobiographical reports, letters and other documents by contemporary witnesses of the Second World War.

Life[edit]

Childhood (1929–39)[edit]

Kempowski was born in Rostock.[1] His father, Karl Georg Kempowski, was a shipping company owner and his mother, Margarethe Kempowski, née Collasius,[4] was the daughter of a Hamburg merchant.[5][6] In 1935 Kempowski began attending St. Georg School; in 1939, he transferred to the local high school ("Realgymnasium").

During World War II (1939–45)[edit]

As a teenager Kempowski, who was unathletic and had acquired a taste for American jazz and swing music through his older brother, chafed under compulsory service in the Hitler Youth, and was transferred into a penalty unit (Strafeinheit) of the organization.[7] In early 1945 he was drafted into the Flakhelfer, the youth auxiliary of the Luftwaffe, serving in a special unit that performed courier functions. Kempowski's father, who had volunteered for military service at the beginning of the war, only to be turned away because of his membership in the Freemasons,[7] was accepted for service in summer 1940, and died in combat on 26 April 1945.

Postwar[edit]

In the immediate postwar period, Kempowski worked for the U.S. Army in Wiesbaden, in the American zone of Allied-occupied Germany. In March 1948, during a visit to his home city of Rostock, in the Soviet zone, in what would later become communist East Germany, he was arrested by Soviet authorities and accused of spying for the U.S.[8][2] Convicted by a Soviet military tribunal and sentenced to 25 years,[8] he served eight years in a prison in Bautzen, and was released in 1956.[2]

In West Germany he became a teacher in Breddorf (as of 1960), in Nartum [de] (as of 1965) and in Zeven (between 1975 and 1979).

Kempowski died of intestinal cancer, aged 78, in Rotenburg in 2007.[8]

Works[edit]

Kempowski's first success as an author was the autobiographic novel Tadellöser und Wolf, in which he described his youth in Nazi Germany from the viewpoint of a well-off middle-class family.[1] In several more books he completed the story of his family from the early 20th century into the late 1950s.

Between 1993 and 2005, he published his enormous chronicle Das Echolot, a collection and collage of documents by people of many kinds living in the circumstances of war. The ten-volume work consists of thousands of personal documents, letters, newspaper reports, and autobiographical accounts that he began collecting in the 1980s.[8][9] The documents are now deposited in the archive of the Academy of Arts, Berlin.[9] The last volume of Das Echolot was translated into English by Shaun Whiteside under the title Swansong 1945: A Collective Diary from Hitler's Birthday to VE Day (Granta, 2014).

List of works[edit]

  • Im Block. Ein Haftbericht. Reinbek bei Hamburg: Rowohlt, 1969.
  • Tadellöser & Wolff. Ein bürgerlicher Roman. Munich: Hanser, 1971.
  • Uns gehts ja noch gold. Roman einer Familie. Munich: Hanser, 1972.
  • Haben Sie Hitler gesehen? Deutsche Antworten. Munich: Hanser, 1973 (=Did you ever see Hitler?: German answers, translated by Michael Roloff, with a preface by Helen Wolff, postscript by Sebastian Haffner, New York: Avon Books, 1975. ISBN 0380005190).
  • Der Hahn im Nacken. Mini-Geschichten. Reinbek bei Hamburg: Rowohlt, 1973.
  • Immer so durchgemogelt. Erinnerungen an unsere Schulzeit. Munich: Hanser, 1974.
  • Ein Kapitel für sich. Munich: Hanser, 1975.
  • Alle unter einem Hut. Über 170 witzige und amüsante Alltagsminiminigeschichten. Bayreuth: Loewe, 1976.
  • Wer will unter die Soldaten?, Munich: Hanser, 1976.
  • Aus großer Zeit. Hamburg: Knaus, 1978 (=Days of greatness, translated by Leila Vennewitz, London: Secker & Warburg, 1982 ISBN 0436232901).
  • Haben Sie davon gewußt? Deutsche Antworten. Hamburg: Knaus, 1979.
  • Unser Böckelmann. Hamburg: Knaus, 1979
  • Kempowskis einfache Fibel. Brunswick: Westermann, 1980.
  • Schöne Aussicht. Hamburg: Knaus. 1981.
  • Beethovens Fünfte. Moin Vaddr läbt. Radio plays. Hamburg: Knaus, 1982.
  • Herrn Böckelmanns schönste Tafelgeschichten nach dem ABC geordnet. Hamburg: Knaus, 1983.
  • Herzlich willkommen. Munich: Knaus, 1984.
  • Haumiblau. 208 Pfenniggeschichten für Kinder. Munich: Bertelsmann, 1986.
  • Hundstage. Munich: Knaus, 1988 (=Dog days, Norma S. Davis, Garold N. Davis, and Alan F. Keele (trls.), Columbia, SC: Camden House, c1991. ISBN 0938100785.)
  • Sirius. Eine Art Tagebuch. Munich: Knaus, 1990
  • Mark und Bein. Eine Episode (=Homeland, see below). Munich: Knaus, 1991.
  • Das Echolot. Ein kollektives Tagebuch Januar und Februar 1943. 4 vols. Munich: Knaus, 1993.
  • Der arme König von Opplawur. Ein Märchen. Munich: Knaus, 1994.
  • Der Krieg geht zu Ende. Chronik für Stimmen – Januar bis Mai 1945. Radio play. Stuttgart 1995.
  • Weltschmerz. Kinderszenen fast zu ernst. Munich: Knaus, 1995.
  • Bloomsday '97. Munich: Knaus, 1997.
  • Heile Welt. Munich: Knaus, 1998.
  • Die deutsche Chronik. 9 vols. Munich: Knaus, 1999.
  • Das Echolot. Fuga furiosa. Ein kollektives Tagebuch Winter 1945. 4 vols. Munich: Knaus, 1999.
  • Walter Kempowski liest »Tadellöser & Wolff«. Audio book. Georgsmarienhütte: CPO, 2001.
  • Alkor. Tagebuch 1989. Munich: Knaus, 2001.
  • Der rote Hahn. Dresden 1945. Munich: Knaus, 2001.
  • Das Echolot. Barbarossa '41. Ein kollektives Tagebuch. Munich: Knaus, 2002.
  • Walter Kempowski liest »Aus großer Zeit«. Audio book. Georgsmarienhütte: CPO, 2003.
  • Letzte Grüße. Munich: Knaus, 2003.
  • Das 1. Album. 1981–1986. Frankfurt a.M. 2004.
  • Walter Kempowski liest »Schöne Aussicht«. Audio book. Georgsmarienhütte: CPO, 2004.
  • Das Echolot. Abgesang 45. Ein kollektives Tagebuch (=Swansong, see below). Munich: Knaus, 2005
  • Culpa. Notizen zum Echolot. Munich: Knaus, 2005.
  • Hamit. Tagebuch 1990. Munich: Knaus, 2006.
  • Alles umsonst (=All for Nothing, see below). Munich: Knaus, 2006.
  • Walter Kempowski/Uwe Johnson: Der Briefwechsel. Berlin: Transit, 2006. ISBN 978-3887472146.
  • Swansong 1945: A Collective Diary of the Last Days of the Third Reich [Das Echolot. Abgesang 45. Ein kollektives Tagebuch]. Translated by Shaun Whiteside. New York: W.W. Norton, 2015. ISBN 978-0-393-24815-9.
  • All for Nothing [Alles umsonst]. Translated by Anthea Bell. London: Granta Books, 2015. ISBN 978-1847087201.
  • Homeland [Mark und Bein]. Translated by Charlotte Collins. London: Granta Books, 2018. ISBN 978-1783783526.[10]

Filmography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Donahue, Patrick (October 5, 2007). "German Writer, Chronicler Walter Kempowski Dies at Age 78". Bloomberg.com. Archived from the original on October 19, 2012. Retrieved October 5, 2007.
  2. ^ a b c "German author Walter Kempowski dies of cancer at 78". International Herald Tribune. Associated Press. October 5, 2007. Archived from the original on October 5, 2007. Retrieved October 5, 2007.
  3. ^ "German author Walter Kempowski dies". October 5, 2007. EARTHtimes.org. Last accessed October 5, 2007.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ Stockhorst, Stefanie (2010). "Exemplarische Befindlichkeiten: Walter Kempowskis Deutsche Chronik als literarisierte Familiengeschichte und bürgerlicher Erinnerungsort" (in German), in Lutz Hagestedt (ed.), Walter Kempowski: Bürgerliche Repräsentanz, Erinnerungskultur, Gegenwartsbewältigung. Berlin: De Gruyter. pp. 423–442; here: 427.
  5. ^ "Walter Kempowski." Gale Literature: Contemporary Authors. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Gale, 2018. Retrieved via Gale In Context: Biography database, April 19, 2020. Online version available via Encyclopedia.com.
  6. ^ Childs, David (October 11, 2007). "Walter Kempowski: Chronicler of German life". The Independent. Retrieved April 19, 2020.
  7. ^ a b "Walter Kempowski Schriftsteller im Gespräch mit Corinna Benning" (in German). Bayerischer Rundfunk. br.de. Interview of Walter Kempowski by Corinna Benning, December 30, 1998. Retrieved April 19, 2020.
  8. ^ a b c d Eickelpasch, Tobias (October 11, 2007). "Walter Kempowski, German Author and Diarist, Dies at 78". The New York Times. Retrieved November 24, 2016.
  9. ^ a b "Walter Kempowski". The Times. London. October 30, 2007. Archived from the original on May 24, 2011. Retrieved October 30, 2007.
  10. ^ Arn, Jackson (April 17, 2020). "In a masterful novel of fascism, harrowing lessons for today". The Forward. Retrieved April 19, 2020.

External links[edit]