Walter Layton, 1st Baron Layton
Background and education
Layton was the son of Alfred John Layton of Woking, Surrey, and Mary Johnson. He was educated at King's College School, Westminster City School, University College, London and Trinity College, Cambridge.
He became a lecturer in economics at Trinity College, Cambridge in 1908, then from 1909 to 1914 he was a Fellow of Gonville and Caius College. A notable economist, Layton worked for the Ministry of Munitions during the First World War. In 1922 he was appointed editor of The Economist, a post he held until 1938, and from 1944 to 1963 was also Chairman of The Economist Newspaper Ltd. His editorship was of profound importance to the newspaper, and he was probably the person to whom it owes most thanks for its survival and continued independence. He was editorial director of the News Chronicle (1930–40), and returned to the Chronicle after the war, where he remained until the newspaper ceased publication in 1960.
He was a member of the Liberal Party committee that produced 'Britain's Industrial Future', otherwise known as the 'Little Yellow Book'. He stood as a Liberal Parliamentary candidate, contesting the London University seat in 1929. Layton was again drafted in to work for the government during the Second World War, holding positions in the Ministry of Supply (from May 1940) and the Ministry of Production. Head of Joint War Production Staff 1942 to 1943. After the war, he served as Vice-President of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe from 1949 to 1957.
Layton stood unsuccessfully for parliament three times as a Liberal. He fought Burnley in 1922, Cardiff South in 1923 and in 1929 he switched again to fight the London University seat. However, Layton's importance in Liberal politics had much more to do with his work at the News Chronicle and The Economist where he became a prominent member of a group of Liberals who had a major influence on public opinion. Their orbits were the Whitehall and Westminster villages. They moved in Fleet Street, the City, and Oxbridge circles. Among their contemporaries were Maynard Keynes, William Beveridge, Gilbert Murray, and Seebohm Rowntree. Layton would later chair the executive committee of the Liberal Industrial Inquiry which produced the celebrated Yellow Book of 1928.
Marriage and children
Lord Layton married Eleanor Dorothea Osmaston, daughter of Francis Beresford Plumptre Osmaston, in 1910. They had seven children:
- Michael John Layton, 2nd Baron Layton married Dorothy Cross, two children
- Lt. Col. the Hon. David Layton MBE BA, educ. Gresham's School and Cambridge University, married Elizabeth Gray, three children
- The Hon. Christopher Walter Layton, married Anneliese Margaret von Thadden, five children
- The Hon. Margaret Dorothea Layton MA, married Alfred Geiringer of Reuters
- The Hon. Jean Mary Layton, married Paul Eisler, two children
- The Hon. Olive Shirley Layton(18 December 1918 - 22 June 2009), actress, married Peter Gellhorn, conductor, four children
- The Hon. Ruth Francis Layton, born 27 April 1923, served in ATS, married Edward Gutierrez Pegna, four children
Layton died in February 1966, aged 81, and was succeeded in the barony by his eldest son.
References & further reading
- Hubback, David. No Ordinary Press Baron: A Life of Walter Layton, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1985
- Grayson, Richard S. Walter Layton in Brack & Randall (eds.) The Dictionary of Liberal Thought, Politico's Publishing, 2007 pp206–208
- Grayson, Richard S. Walter Thomas Layton in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography OUP, 2004–09
- Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990,[page needed]
- Layton, Christopher. Walter Layton (Lord Layton) in Brack et al. (eds.) Dictionary of Liberal Biography, Politico's Publishing 1998 pp217–219
- Oxbury, Harold. Great Britons: Twentieth Century Lives. Oxford University Press, 1984.
- Photograph (1953-01-10): Jean Monnet and Lord Layton on European NAvigator
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
Michael John Layton
|Editor of The Economist
1922 - 1938