Walter Liberty Vernon

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Walter Liberty Vernon
WalterVernon.jpg
Born (1846-08-11)11 August 1846
High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England
Died 17 January 1914(1914-01-17) (aged 67)
Darlinghurst, Sydney, Australia
Burial place Gore Hill cemetery
Alma mater
Occupation Architect
Employer New South Wales Government Architect (1890-1911)
Notable work
Style Federation Period:
Spouse(s) Margaret Anne Jones
Military career
Allegiance  Australia
Service/branch Army
Years of service January 1885 to c. 1910
Rank Colonel
Unit 1st AIF
Commands held
Awards Volunteer Officers' Decoration (1905)

Colonel Walter Liberty Vernon (11 August 1846 – 17 January 1914) was an English architect who migrated to Australia and pursued his career as an architect in Sydney, New South Wales. In his role as the New South Wales Government Architect he is noted for designing multiple government buildings, many of which are still standing with listings on national and state heritage registers.

Early life[edit]

Vernon was born 11 August 1846 in High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England,[1] the son of a banker's clerk, Robert Vernon and Margaret Liberty. He was articled in 1862 to a London architect, W. G. Habershon, and studied at the Royal Academy of Arts and South Kensington School of Art. After completing his studies, he pursued a practice as an architect in London and married Margaret Anne Jones in 1870 at Newport, Wales. His London practice was successful, but he suffered from bronchial asthma and received medical advice to leave England. He migrated to Australia and arrived in Sydney in November 1883.[1]

Career in Australia[edit]

Vernon established a private practice in Sydney, and then partnered with William Wardell from 1884 until 1889. Vernon assisted with works already in progress, designed buildings and supervised Wardell's Melbourne projects in 1884-85. Vernon was an alderman on East St Leonards Municipal Council in 1885-90. Elected a fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects in 1885, he joined the (Royal) Art Society of New South Wales in 1884, (Sir) John Sulman's Palladian Club and the Institute of Architects of New South Wales in 1887, and the Sydney Architectural Association in 1891.[1]

In 1890 Vernon was appointed as the New South Wales Government Architect, however his staff numbers were reduced significantly. Vernon showed that the system of design competitions were twice as expensive and the activities of this office were boosted in 1894 when extra funding was committed as a way of creating relief work during the Great Depression.

As an architect practising in Australia, Vernon favoured what were later known as the Federation styles, such as the Free Classical, Arts and Crafts, and Free Style.

Examples of the former were his fire station in St Johns Road, Glebe, Jenolan Caves House in the Blue Mountains and the Public School, Military Road, Mosman.[2] Examples of the latter were his fire stations in The Avenue, Randwick; Darlinghurst Road, Darlinghurst; and Pyrmont Street, Pyrmont.[3] Another example of Federation Free Style is the former police station, Taylor Square, Darlinghurst.[3] In a stylistic departure, he designed the (former) police station in Bourke Street, Surry Hills, in the Romanesque style.[3]

For more substantial public buildings, Vernon continued the tradition whereby such buildings were designed in a Classical style. Notable examples were the Art Gallery of New South Wales, the Mitchell Library (part of the State Library), Central railway station and Newcastle Court House.[3] The Art Gallery has been described as "masterly symmetry featuring Ionic colonnades."[2] Central Station has been described as "the grandest railway station in Australia."[3]:p.2/108

Vernon also designed significant additions to existing buildings, such as Customs House in Circular Quay; Randwick Police Station; the Chief Secretary's Building, Sydney; Balranald Post Office; Armidale Post Office; and the former Premier's Office, Sydney. His office was also responsible for the public decorations during the Federation celebrations of 1901.

He retired as New South Wales Government Architect in 1911 and returned to private practice, establishing a partnership with Howard Joseland. The latter, also born in England, was a practitioner of the Federation Arts and Crafts and Federation Bungalow styles.[2] One of the buildings designed by Vernon and Joseland was the Paterson Reid and Bruce building, York Street, Sydney.[3] In 1911, Vernon judged the competition entries for Parliament House in Wellington, New Zealand, after the original buildings were destroyed in a 1907 fire.[4][5]

Death and funeral[edit]

Following the amputation of a leg, Vernon died of septicaemia and gangrene on 17 January 1914 in Darlinghurst and his "impressive funeral" at St James' Church, Sydney on 19 January was attended by "a large and representative gathering of mourners".[6] He is buried in the Anglican section of the Gore Hill cemetery.

Legacy[edit]

Vernon had an outstanding career as an architect, with many of his buildings being listed on various national and/or state heritage registers.[3] He is known as a key practitioner of various Federation styles.[2] The Vernon lectures in town planning, instituted at the University of Sydney in 1916, were endowed in his honour.[1] Vernon Circle in Canberra is named in his honour, as is the Vernon Pavilion in Sydney's Centennial Park.[7][8]

Partial list of works[edit]

The following buildings and structures were designed either in part or in full by Vernon, that are listed on active Commonwealth or State heritage registers include:

Work Suburb/city Type Style Completed Involvement Image Heritage registers Notes
Admiralty House Kirribilli Government residence Victorian Italianate 1891-92 Italianate enlargements (1) Admiralty House-1.jpg [9][10][11][12]
Annandale Post Office Annandale Post office Federation Free Classical 1896 Architect Annandale post office.jpg
  • Commonwealth Heritage List
  • Local register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[13][14][15]
Armidale Post Office Armidale Post office Federation Queen Anne 1897 Loggia only Armidale City Centre.jpg
[16][17]
Art Gallery of New South Wales The Domain, Sydney Art gallery Federation Academic Classical 1895-1906
  • Portico and oval lobby
  • South and north galleries
  • External reliefs
NSWAG.jpg
  • Local register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[18][19]
ASN Co building 1-5 Hickson Road, The Rocks Warehouse Pre-Federation Anglo Dutch 1884-1885
The rocks new south wales...jpg
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[20][21][22]
Australian Museum College Street, Sydney Natural history museum 1896-1899 South wings The Australian Museum and Captain Cook statue, Sydney, ca. 1900-1910 - Hall and Co. (8385775020).jpg
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[23][24]
Banco Road Court St James Road, Sydney Court house Federation Free Classical 1895-1896 Architect
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[25][26][27]
Bloomfield Hospital Orange Hospital 1923-1931 Initial design only NSW Register [28]
Broken Hill Post Office Broken Hill Post office Federation Arts and Crafts 1890-1892 Alterations and additions Broken Hill Post Office (2711654967).jpg
  • Commonwealth Heritage List
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[29][30][31]
Brooklyn Hotel
(Facade preserved as the Johnson's Building)
229 George Street, The Rocks Public hotel Free Federation Style 1912-1912 Architect 1 Johnsons Building.jpg
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[32][33]
Burwood Post Office (former) Burwood Post office Federation Anglo Dutch Revival 1892 Architect
(assisted by George Oakeshott)
Burwood Post Office.JPG
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[34][35]
Casino Post Office Casino Post office
  • Victorian Italianate
  • Georgian Revival
1879 Alterations and additions
  • Commonwealth Heritage List
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[36][37][38]
Central Local Court House 98 Liverpool Street, Sydney Court house
(and former police station)
Federation Free Classical 1892
(1)Police Courts Sydney-1.jpg
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[39][40]
Central railway station Railway Square Terminus railway station
1901-1906
  • Main Terminus building
  • Parcels Post Office
  • Viaducts (with Deane)
Sydney Central Railway Station.jpg
  • (Now defunct) RNE
  • Local register
[41][42][43]
Colonial Secretary's building 121 Macquarie Street, Sydney Government administration Victorian Second Empire 1894-1896
Colonial Secretary's Building - Sydney, NSW (7890002360).jpg
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[44][45]
Coroner's Court (former) 102-104 George Street, The Rocks Coroner's Court and morgue Federation Free Style 1906-1908 Architect
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[46][47]
Kitchen block, Cumberland Hospital and
Parramatta Female Factory (former)
Parramatta/Westmead Hospital
  • Federation
  • Federation Arts and Crafts
1892-1893 Alterations and additions
[48][49][50][51][52]
Customs House Alfred Street, Sydney Customs house 1896-1903 Alterations and additions Custom House, Sydney, NSW (2362671311).jpg
  • Commonwealth Heritage List
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[53][54][55]
David Berry Hospital Precinct Berry Hospital 1909
NSW Register [56]
Glen Innes Post Office Glen Innes Post office Federation Arts and Crafts 1895-1896 Architect
  • Commonwealth Heritage List
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[57][58][59]
Health Department Building (former) 93-97 Macquarie Street, Sydney Government administration
(now a hotel)
Federation Free Style 1896-1898 Architect
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[60][61]
Hestock 14 Crescent Street, Hunters Hill House Federation Arts & Crafts 1885 Architect
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[62][63]
Inverell Post Office Inverell Post office Federation Arts and Crafts 1904 Architect
  • Commonwealth Heritage List
  • NSW Register
[64][65]
Leura
(now part of Cranbrook School, Sydney)
24 Victoria Road, Bellevue Hill House Federation Queen Anne 1891
  • Co-architect
  • with Howard Joseland
NSW Register [66]
Lidcombe Hospital Precinct Lidcombe Hospital 1885-1906
  • Dining Hall
  • Superintendent's Residence
  • Nine wards
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[67][68][69]
Liverpool TAFE College
(former Liverpool Hospital, Block F)
Liverpool Teacher's college 1902-1907 Alterations and additions Liverpool State Hospital (2901449592).jpg
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[70][71]
Long Bay Correctional Centre Malabar Gaol 1899-1914 Architect Malabar Long Bay Gaol from Randwick Library.jpg NSW Register [72]
Maitland Court House Maitland Court house Federation Free Classical 1895 Architect
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[73][74]
Millers Point Post Office Millers Point Post office Federation Free Classical 1891 Architect
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[75][76]
Mining Museum (former) 36-64 George Street, The Rocks Museum Federation Warehouse 1902-1909 Architect NSW Register [77]
Mitchell Library, State Library of NSW Sydney Library Federation Academic Classical 1906-1910 Architect State Library of New South Wales Sydney 01.JPG
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[78][79]
Mudgee Post Office Mudgee Post office Victorian Free Classical 1902 Alterations and additions SLNSW 796672 Post Office Mudgee.jpg
  • Commonwealth Heritage List
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[80][81][82][83]
Newcastle Court House Newcastle Court house Victorian Italianate 1902 Alterations and additions NewcastleCourtHouse0001.jpg
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[84][85]
Newcastle Customs House Newcastle Customs house Italian Renaissance Revival 1899 Alterations and additions Newcastle clock tower 2.jpg
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[86][87]
Newcastle Post Office Newcastle Post office Federation Academic Classical 1900-1903 Architect SLNSW 796732 Post Office Newcastle.jpg
  • Commonwealth Heritage List
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[88][89][90][91]
Paddington Post Office Paddington Post office
  • Victorian Italianate
  • Victorian Free Classical
c. 1885 Alterations and additions Paddington post office.JPG
  • Commonwealth Heritage List
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[92][93][94]
Parkes Post Office Parkes Post office 1901-1903 Alterations and additions Parkes Post Office (2712466868).jpg
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[95][96]
Pyrmont Post Office Pyrmont Post office Federation Free Style 1901 Architect
  • Commonwealth Heritage List
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[97][98][99]
Randwick Post Office (former)
and Jubilee Fountain
Randwick Post office Federation Free Style 1897-1898 Architect Randwick Post Office (2711654627).jpg
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[100][101]
Registrar-General's Building
(also called the Land Titles Office)
Prince Albert Road, Sydney Government administration Federation Gothic 1908-1913 Principal architect
(with E. H. Farmer)
Sydney Registrar General's Building.jpg
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[102][103]
Royal Botanic Gardens
Herbarium and Shelter House
The Domain Herbarium and cottage 1899
  • Herbarium
  • Lecture hall and library
  • Museum and admin centre
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[104][105][106]
Royal Edward Victualling Yard Group Darling Island, Pyrmont Naval warehouse and
ordinance stores (former)
Federation Warehouse 1904-1912 Architect
(Buildings A, B and C)
Pyrmont, Sydney (13621643374).jpg
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[107][108]
Shop and Residence 182 Cumberland Street, The Rocks Shop and residence Classic Free Style Edwardian 1911-1912 Architect
(assisted by E. L. Drew)
NSW Register [109]
Silverwater Correctional Complex,
Erwin House and Engineer's Cottage
Silverwater Gaol 1911-1918 Alterations and additions NSW Register [110]
Singleton Post Office (former) Singleton Former post office 1899 Alterations and additions
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[111][112]
Treasury Building (former)
now part of the InterContinental Hotel
117-119 Macquarie Street, Sydney Government administration
  • Victorian Neo-Classical
  • Italian Palazzo
1898-1900
  • Strong Room
  • Link Building
  • Portico
InterContinental Sydney, 117 Macquarie Street, Sydney, New South Wales (2011-06-06).jpg
  • NSW Register
  • (Now defunct) RNE
[113][114]

Other places were Vernon had involvement, either in part or in full, that are not listed on active Commonwealth or State heritage registers include the Anderson Stuart building, The University of Sydney,[115][116][117] the former Balranald Post Office (since demolished),[118] Bowral Court House,[119][120] the former Braidwood Courthouse,[121] Charles Sturt University, Original Farm and Farm School Buildings, Bathurst,[122][123] Cootamundra Court House,[124][125] Condobolin Court House,[126][127] Cowra Court House,[128][129] Crows Nest Fire Station,[130][131] Darlinghurst Fire Station,[132][133] Darlinghurst Police Station (former),[134][135] Dubbo Lands Board Office,[136][137] Forbes Lands Board Office,[138] Hay Court House,[139][140] Hay Lands Board Office,[141][142] Hunters Hill Post Office,[143][144] Kogarah Post Office (former),[145][146] Lismore Post Office,[147][148] Narrandera Court House,[149][150] Newtown Post Office,[151][152] Orange Lands Board Office,[153][154] Parkes Court House,[155][156] Pyrmont Fire Station,[157][158] Randwick Police Station,[159][160] Redfern Court House,[161][162] Sargood & Co Warehouse (former),[163][164] Surry Hills Police Station (former),[165][166] Wagga Wagga Court House,[167][168] Western Sydney University Stable Square, Richmond[169][170] and Wyalong Court House.[171][172]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Vernon, Walter Liberty (1846–1914)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d A Pictorial Guide to Identifying Australian Architecture. Apperly (Angus and Robertson Publishers). 1994. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g The Heritage of Australia. Macmillan Company. 1981. 
  4. ^ "The halfway house – Parliament buildings". New Zealand History Online. Retrieved 12 February 2012. 
  5. ^ "New Parliament Buildings". Thames Star. XLVII (10273). 28 September 1911. p. 1. Retrieved 12 February 2012. 
  6. ^ "Late Colonel Vernon". The Sydney Morning Herald. 20 January 1914. p. 7. Retrieved 27 March 2014. 
  7. ^ "Northbourne Avenue, Vernon Circle, Commonwealth Avenue, State Circle, Capital Circle, Canberra Avenue, Hume Place and Monaro Highway (National Route 23) – Acton to Fyshwick". Road Photos & Information: Australian Capital Territory. Paul Rands. Retrieved 21 September 2014. 
  8. ^ "Vernon Circle". ACT Government, Environment and Planning. Retrieved 21 September 2014. 
  9. ^ "Admiralty House Garden and Fortifications (CHL) (Place ID 105399)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  10. ^ "Admiralty House Garden and Fortifications (Place ID 102281)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  11. ^ "Admiralty House and Lodge (CHL) (Place ID 105398)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  12. ^ "Admiralty House and Lodge (Place ID 2890)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  13. ^ "Annandale Post Office". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  14. ^ "Annandale Post Office (CHL) (Place ID 105489)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  15. ^ "Annandale Post Office (Place ID 1697)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  16. ^ "Armidale Post Office". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  17. ^ "Armidale Post Office (Place ID 290)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 13 October 2017. 
  18. ^ "Art Gallery of NSW Including Interiors". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  19. ^ "Art Gallery of NSW (Place ID 2349)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 13 October 2017. 
  20. ^ "ASN Co Building". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  21. ^ "ASN Co Building". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  22. ^ "Australasian Steam Navigation Company Building (Place ID 2123)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  23. ^ "Australian Museum". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 13 October 2017. 
  24. ^ "Australian Museum (Place ID 1896)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  25. ^ "Banco Road Court, Sydney Supreme Court House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  26. ^ "Banco Court Building (Place ID 1902)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  27. ^ "St James Road Banco Court". Sydney Living Museums. Government of New South Wales. 2017. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  28. ^ "Bloomfield Hospital". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  29. ^ "Broken Hill Post Office". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  30. ^ "Broken Hill Post Office (CHL) (Place ID 105499)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 13 October 2017. 
  31. ^ "Broken Hill Post Office (Place ID 544)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 13 October 2017. 
  32. ^ "Brooklyn Hotel". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  33. ^ "Brooklyn Hotel (Place ID 2391)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 13 October 2017. 
  34. ^ "Burwood Post Office (former)". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  35. ^ "Burwood Post Office (former) (Place ID 3356)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 13 October 2017. 
  36. ^ "Casino Post Office". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  37. ^ "Casino Post Office (CHL) (Place ID 105492)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 13 October 2017. 
  38. ^ "Casino Post Office (Place ID 217)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 13 October 2017. 
  39. ^ "Sydney Central Local Court House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  40. ^ "Central Police Courts (Place ID 2194)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  41. ^ "Central Railway Station (Place ID 2196)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  42. ^ "Central Railway Station and Sydney Terminal Group". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  43. ^ "Central Railway Station Group Including Buildings, Station Yard, Viaducts and Bu". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  44. ^ "Chief Secretary's Building". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  45. ^ "Chief Secretarys Building (Place ID 1824)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  46. ^ "Coroner's Court (former) - Shops & offices". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  47. ^ "Coroner's Court (former) (Place ID 2463)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  48. ^ "Former Female Factory Precinct Parramatta (Place ID 106234)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  49. ^ "Cumberland Hospital - Kitchen Block". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  50. ^ "Cumberland District Hospital Group". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 6 May 2012. 
  51. ^ "Cumberland Hospital Heritage Precinct". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  52. ^ "Kitchen Block (Place ID 3056)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  53. ^ "Customs House (former)". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  54. ^ "Sydney Customs House (former) [CHL] (Place ID 105436)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  55. ^ "Sydney Customs House (former) (Place ID 1787)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  56. ^ "David Berry Hospital Precinct". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  57. ^ "Glen Innes Post and Telegraph Office". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  58. ^ "Glen Innes Post Office (CHL) (Place ID 105494)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  59. ^ "Glen Innes Post Office (Place ID 321)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  60. ^ "Health Department Building (former)". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  61. ^ "Health Department Building (former) (Place ID 2403)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  62. ^ "Hestock". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  63. ^ "Hestock (Place ID 2721)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  64. ^ "Inverell Post Office". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  65. ^ "Inverell Post Office (Place ID 10626)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  66. ^ "Leura". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  67. ^ "Lidcombe Hospital Precinct". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  68. ^ "Lidcombe Hospital (former) (Place ID 105753)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  69. ^ "Lidcombe Hospital (former) Group (Place ID 2960)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  70. ^ "Liverpool TAFE College (former Liverpool Hospital)". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  71. ^ "Liverpool Hospital (former) (Place ID 3294)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  72. ^ "Long Bay Correctional Centre". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 17 September 2017. 
  73. ^ "Maitland Court House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 17 September 2017. 
  74. ^ "Maitland Courthouse (Place ID 1237)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  75. ^ "Millers Point Post Office". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 17 September 2017. 
  76. ^ "Millers Point Post Office (Place ID 19160)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  77. ^ "Mining Museum (former)". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 17 September 2017. 
  78. ^ "State Library of NSW". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  79. ^ "State Library of NSW (Place ID 1847)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  80. ^ "Mudgee Post Office & Quarters". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  81. ^ "Mudgee Post Office (CHL) (Place ID 105498)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  82. ^ "Mudgee Post Office (Place ID 484)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  83. ^ "Mudgee Post Office Group (Place ID 483)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  84. ^ "Newcastle Court House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 17 September 2017. 
  85. ^ "Newcastle Courthouse (Place ID 1297)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  86. ^ "Newcastle Customs House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  87. ^ "SCustoms House (former) (Place ID 1306)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  88. ^ "Newcastle Post Office (CHL) (Place ID 105507)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  89. ^ "Newcastle Post Office (Place ID 1287)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  90. ^ "Newcastle Post Office Annex (former) (Place ID 1288)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  91. ^ "Newcastle Post Office Group (Place ID 1286)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  92. ^ "Paddington Post Office". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  93. ^ "Paddington Post Office (CHL) (Place ID 105300)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  94. ^ "Paddington Post Office (Place ID 19158)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  95. ^ "Parkes Post Office". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 17 September 2017. 
  96. ^ "Parkes Courthouse Group (Place ID 954)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 13 October 2017. 
  97. ^ "Pyrmont Post Office". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 17 September 2017. 
  98. ^ "Pyrmont Post Office (CHL) (Place ID 105510)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  99. ^ "Pyrmont Post Office (Place ID 2040)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  100. ^ "Randwick Post Office (former) and Jubilee Fountain". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 17 September 2017. 
  101. ^ "Randwick Post Office (Place ID 1769)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  102. ^ "Land Titles Office". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  103. ^ "Registrar-General's Building (Place ID 1845)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  104. ^ "Royal Botanic Gardens and Domain". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 17 September 2017. 
  105. ^ "Herbarium, Sydney Botanical Gardens (Place ID 1868)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  106. ^ "Shelter House, Sydney Botanical Gardens (Place ID 1875)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  107. ^ "Royal Edward Victualling Yard". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  108. ^ "Royal Edward Victualling Yard Group (Place ID 2057)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  109. ^ "Shop and Residence". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 17 September 2017. 
  110. ^ "Silverwater Prison Complex Conservation Area". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  111. ^ "Post Office (former)". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  112. ^ "Singleton Post Office and Stables (former) (Place ID 14341)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  113. ^ "Intercontinental Hotel former Treasury Building". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  114. ^ "Treasury Building & Premiers Office (Place ID 1829)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  115. ^ "Anderson Stuart Building". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  116. ^ "Anderson Stuart Building, University of Sydney Including Interior". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  117. ^ "Medical School (Place ID 1886)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  118. ^ "Balranald Post Office (Place ID 688)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 13 October 2017. 
  119. ^ "Bowral Court House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  120. ^ "Bowral Courthouse (Place ID 1544)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  121. ^ "Braidwood Courthouse (former) (Place ID 1162)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 13 October 2017. 
  122. ^ "Stables". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  123. ^ "Mitchell Campus Original Farm and Farm School Buildings (Place ID 819)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  124. ^ "Cootamundra Courthouse". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  125. ^ "Condobolin Courthouse (Place ID 701)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  126. ^ "Condobolin Court House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  127. ^ "Condobolin Courthouse (Place ID 929)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  128. ^ "Cowra Court House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  129. ^ "Cowra Courthouse (Place ID 930)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  130. ^ "Crows Nest Fire Station". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  131. ^ "Crows Nest Fire Station (Place ID 2910)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  132. ^ "Darlinghurst Fire Station". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  133. ^ "Darlinghurst Fire Station (Place ID 1996)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  134. ^ "Former Darlinghurst Police Station Including Interior". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  135. ^ "Darlinghurst Police Station and Residence (Place ID 2348)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  136. ^ "Dubbo Lands Office". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  137. ^ "Lands Board Office Buildinge (Place ID 472)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  138. ^ "Lands Office (Place ID 14374)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  139. ^ "Hay Courthouse". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  140. ^ "Hay Courthouse (Place ID 764)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  141. ^ "Lands Office". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  142. ^ "Land Board Office (Place ID 767)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  143. ^ "Post Office". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  144. ^ "Hunters Hill Post Office (Place ID 2656)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  145. ^ "Kogarah Community Aid and Information Centre". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  146. ^ "Kogarah Community Aid and Information Centre (Place ID 3329)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  147. ^ "Post and Telegraph Office (Former)". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  148. ^ "Lismore Post Office (Place ID 235)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  149. ^ "Narrandera Courthouse". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  150. ^ "Narrandera Courthouse and Police Station Group (Place ID 729)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  151. ^ "Newtown Post Office including interior". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  152. ^ "Newtown Post Office (Place ID 1784)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  153. ^ "Lands Office Kite Street". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  154. ^ "Lands Board Office (Place ID 905)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  155. ^ "Parkes Courthouse". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  156. ^ "Parkes Courthouse Group (Place ID 954)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  157. ^ "Pyrmont Fire Station". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  158. ^ "Pyrmont Fire Station (Place ID 2058)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  159. ^ "Police Station". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  160. ^ "Randwick Police Station (Place ID 1769)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  161. ^ "Redfern Court House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  162. ^ "Redfern Courthouse (Place ID 1777)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  163. ^ "Former "Sargood & Co" Warehouse Including Interiors & Grounds (144 Clarence St)". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  164. ^ "Paterson Reid and Bruce Ltd Building (Place ID 1853)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  165. ^ "Former Police Station Buildings Including Interiors". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  166. ^ "Police Station (former) (Place ID 2079)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  167. ^ "Wagga Wagga Courthouse". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  168. ^ "Wagga Wagga Courthouse (Place ID 751)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  169. ^ "Administrative Block, Blacksmith Shop and Stable Square". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  170. ^ "Stable Square (Place ID 3132)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  171. ^ "Wyalong Courthouse". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  172. ^ "Wyalong Courthouse (Place ID 921)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 

External links[edit]