Walter Matthau

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Walter Matthau
Walter Matthau - 1952.jpg
Matthau in 1952
Born
Walter John Matthow

(1920-10-01)October 1, 1920
DiedJuly 1, 2000(2000-07-01) (aged 79)
Resting placeWestwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery
NationalityAmerican
OccupationActor
Years active1944–2000
Notable work
The Odd Couple
The Bad News Bears
The Fortune Cookie
The Taking of Pelham One Two Three
Hopscotch
I.Q.
Grumpy Old Men
Height6 ft 2 in (1.88 m)
Spouse(s)
Grace Geraldine Johnson
(m. 1948; div. 1958)
(m. 1959)
Children3, including Charles Matthau
AwardsAcademy Award, BAFTA Award, Tony Award, Golden Globe Award

Walter Matthau (/ˈmæθ/;[1] born Walter John Matthow; October 1, 1920 – July 1, 2000) was an American actor.

He is best remembered for his film roles opposite Jack Lemmon, playing Oscar Madison in The Odd Couple, (1968), and Max Goldman in Grumpy Old Men (1993) and its sequel, Grumpier Old Men (1995). Matthau also appeared opposite Cary Grant and Audrey Hepburn in Charade (1963), and won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in the Billy Wilder film The Fortune Cookie (1966). He is known for his role in King Creole (1958). Aside from the Oscar, he won BAFTA, Golden Globe and Tony awards. His performances in Hopscotch (1980) and First Monday in October (1981) earned him nominations for the Golden Globe Best Actor—Motion Picture Musical or Comedy two years in a row.

On Broadway, Matthau originated the role of Oscar Madison in The Odd Couple play by playwright Neil Simon in 1965.

Early life[edit]

Matthau was born Walter John Matthow[2][3] on October 1, 1920, in New York City's Lower East Side.

His mother, Rose (née Barolsky or Berolsky), was a Lithuanian-Jewish immigrant who worked in a garment sweatshop, and his father, Milton Matthow, was a Ukrainian-Jewish peddler and electrician, from Kiev, Ukraine.[4][5][6]

As part of a lifelong love of practical jokes, Matthau created the rumors that his middle name was Foghorn and his last name was originally Matuschanskayasky (under which he is credited for a cameo role in the film Earthquake).[7]

As a young boy, Matthau attended a Jewish non-profit sleepaway camp, Tranquillity Camp, where he first began acting in the shows the camp would stage on Saturday nights. He also attended Surprise Lake Camp. His high school was Seward Park High School.[8] He worked for a short time as a concession stand cashier in the Yiddish Theatre District.[9]

World War II[edit]

During World War II, Matthau saw active service as a radioman-gunner in the U.S. Army Air Forces with the Eighth Air Force in Great Britain, crewing a Consolidated B-24 Liberator bomber. He was with the same 453rd Bombardment Group as James Stewart. While based in England at RAF Old Buckenham in Norfolk, he flew missions across to continental Europe during the Battle of the Bulge. He ended the war with the rank of Staff Sergeant, and returned home to America for demobilization at the war's end intent on pursuing a career as an actor.[10]

Acting career[edit]

Matthau was trained in acting at the Dramatic Workshop of The New School with German director Erwin Piscator. He often joked that his best early review came in a play where he posed as a derelict. One reviewer said, "The others just looked like actors in make-up, Walter Matthau really looks like a skid row bum!" Matthau was a respected stage actor for years in such fare as Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter? and A Shot in the Dark. He won the 1962 Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a play.[11]

Matthau in Charade, 1963

Matthau appeared in the pilot of Mister Peepers (1952) with Wally Cox. For reasons unknown he used the name Leonard Elliot. His role was of the gym teacher Mr. Wall. He made his motion picture debut as a whip-wielding bad guy in The Kentuckian (1955) opposite Burt Lancaster. He played a villain in King Creole (1958), in which he gets beaten up by Elvis Presley. Around the same time, he made Ride a Crooked Trail with Audie Murphy, and Onionhead (both 1958) starring Andy Griffith; the latter was a flop. Matthau had a role opposite Griffith in the well received drama A Face in the Crowd (1957), directed by Elia Kazan and with James Mason in Bigger Than Life (1956) directed by Nicholas Ray. Matthau himself directed a low-budget movie called The Gangster Story (1960) and was a sympathetic sheriff in Lonely Are the Brave (1962), which starred Kirk Douglas. He appeared opposite Audrey Hepburn in Charade (1963).[12]

Appearances on television were common too, including two on Naked City, four installments of Alfred Hitchcock Presents, as well as an episode of The Eleventh Hour ("A Tumble from a Tall White House", 1963). He appeared eight times between 1962 and 1964 on The DuPont Show of the Week and as Franklin Gaer in an episode of Dr. Kildare ("Man Is a Rock", 1964). Additionally he featured in the syndicated crime drama Tallahassee 7000, as a Florida-based state police investigator (1961–62).[12]

Matthau and Art Carney in The Odd Couple, 1965

Comedies were rare in Matthau's work at that time. He was cast in a number of stark dramas, such as Fail Safe (1964), in which he portrayed Pentagon adviser Dr. Groeteschele, who urges an all-out nuclear attack on the Soviet Union in response to an accidental transmission of an attack signal to U.S. Air Force bombers. Neil Simon cast him in the play The Odd Couple in 1965, with Matthau playing slovenly sportswriter Oscar Madison, opposite Art Carney as Felix Ungar.[11] Matthau later reprised the role in the film version, with Jack Lemmon as Felix Ungar. He played detective Ted Casselle in the Hitchcockian thriller Mirage (1965), directed by Edward Dmytryk.[12]

He achieved great success in the comedy film, The Fortune Cookie (1966), as a shyster lawyer, William H. "Whiplash Willie" Gingrich, starring opposite Lemmon; the first of many collaborations with Billy Wilder, and a role that would earn him an Oscar for Best Supporting Actor.[12] Filming had to be placed on a five-month hiatus after Matthau had a serious heart attack. He gave up his three pack a day smoking habit as a result.[13] Matthau appeared during the Oscar telecast shortly after having been injured in a bicycle accident; nonetheless, he scolded actors who had not attended the ceremony, especially the other major award winners that night: Paul Scofield, Elizabeth Taylor and Sandy Dennis.[14]

Oscar nominations would come Matthau's way again for Kotch (1971), directed by Lemmon, and The Sunshine Boys (1975), another adaptation of a Neil Simon stage play, this time about a pair of former vaudeville stars. For the latter role he won a Golden Globe award for Best Actor in a Musical or Comedy.[12]

Matthau in Hello, Dolly!, 1969

Broadway hits turned into films continued to cast Matthau in lead roles in Hello, Dolly! and Cactus Flower (both 1969); for the latter film, Goldie Hawn received an Oscar for Best Supporting Actress. Matthau played three roles in the film version of Simon's Plaza Suite (1971) and was in the cast of its followup California Suite (1978).[12]

Matthau starred in three crime dramas in the mid-1970s, as a detective investigating a mass murder on a bus in The Laughing Policeman (1973), as a bank robber on the run from the Mafia and the law in Charley Varrick (also 1973) and as a New York transit cop in the action-adventure The Taking of Pelham One Two Three (1974). A change of pace about misfits on a Little League baseball team turned-out to be a solid hit when Matthau starred as coach Morris Buttermaker in the comedy The Bad News Bears (1976).

Matthau looked to produce some films with Universal Pictures, with his son Charlie also becoming involved in his production company, Walcar Productions, but the only film he produced was the third remake of Little Miss Marker (1980).[15] He was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor—Motion Picture Musical or Comedy for his portrayal of former CIA field operative Miles Kendall in the elaborate spy comedy Hopscotch (1980), co-starring with Glenda Jackson. The original script, a dark work based on the novel of the same name, was rewritten and transformed into a comedy in order to play to Matthau's specific talents. The rewrite was a condition of his participation.[16] Matthau participated in the script revisions, and the film's director, Ronald Neame, observed that Matthau's contributions entitled him to screen credit, but that was never pursued.[17] Matthau wrote the scene in which Kendig and Isobel—apparently strangers—meet in a Salzburg restaurant and strike up a conversation about wine that ends in a passionate kiss. He also wrote the last scene of the film, where Kendig, presumed to be dead, disguises himself as a Sikh in order to enter a bookshop. He also helped in choosing appropriate compositions by Mozart that made up much of the score.[18][19] TCM's Susan Doll observes that “Hopscotch could be considered the end of a long career peak or the beginning of (Matthau's) slide downhill, depending on the viewpoint,” as character parts and supporting parts became the only thing available to an actor his age.[16]

The next year, he was nominated again for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor—Motion Picture Musical or Comedy for his portrayal of the fictional Associate Justice Daniel Snow in First Monday in October (1981), The film was about the (fictional) first appointment of a woman (played by Jill Clayburgh) to the Supreme Court of the United States. It was scheduled for release in 1982, but when President Ronald Reagan named Sandra Day O'Connor in July 1981, the release date was moved up to August 1981.[20] New York Times critic Janet Maslin disliked the film but praised Matthau's performance.[21] Matthau portrayed Herbert Tucker in I Ought to Be in Pictures (1982), with Ann-Margret and Dinah Manoff.[12] Matthau took the leading role of Captain Thomas Bartholomew Red in Roman Polanski's swashbuckler Pirates (1986).

During the 1980s and 1990s Matthau served on the advisory board of the National Student Film Institute.[22][23]

In a change of pace, Matthau played Albert Einstein in the film I.Q. (1994), starring Tim Robbins and Meg Ryan. Matthau narrated the Doctor Seuss Video Classics: How the Grinch Stole Christmas! (1992) and played the role of Mr. Wilson in the film Dennis the Menace (1993).[12]

His partnership with Jack Lemmon became one of the most enduring collaborations in Hollywood. They became lifelong friends after making The Fortune Cookie and would make a total of 10 movies together—11 counting Kotch, in which Lemmon has a cameo as a sleeping bus passenger. Apart from their many comedies, the two appeared (although they did not share any scenes) in the Oliver Stone drama, JFK (1991). Matthau and Lemmon reunited for the comedy Grumpy Old Men (1993), co-starring Ann-Margret, and its sequel, Grumpier Old Men (1995), also co-starring Sophia Loren. This led to further pairings late in their careers, Out to Sea (1997) and a Simon-scripted sequel to their much earlier success, The Odd Couple II (1998).

Hanging Up (2000), directed by Diane Keaton, was Matthau's final appearance onscreen.[12]

Personal life[edit]

Marriages[edit]

Matthau was married twice; first to Grace Geraldine Johnson from 1948 to 1958, and then to Carol Marcus from 1959 until his death in 2000. He had two children, Jenny and David, by his first wife, and a son, Charlie Matthau, with his second wife. Matthau also helped raise his stepchildren, Aram Saroyan and Lucy Saroyan.[12]

Health problems[edit]

A heavy smoker, Matthau had a heart attack in 1966, the first of at least three in his lifetime.[citation needed]

In 1976, ten years after his first heart attack, he underwent heart bypass surgery. After working in freezing Minnesota weather for Grumpy Old Men (1993), he was hospitalized for double pneumonia. In December 1995, he had a colon tumor removed, apparently successfully as there was no mention of cancer in his death certificate. He was hospitalized in May 1999 for more than two months, owing again to pneumonia.[13]

His death certificate lists the causes of death as "Cardiac Arrest" and "Atherosclerotic Heart Disease" with "End Stage Renal Disease" and "Atrial Fibrillation" as significant contributing factors. There is no mention of cancer.[24]

Death[edit]

Matthau's gravesite

In addition to colon cancer, Matthau had atherosclerotic heart disease during the last years of his life. In the late evening of June 30, 2000, he had a heart attack at his home and was taken by ambulance to the St. John's Health Center in Santa Monica where he died a few hours later at 1:42 a.m. on July 1, 2000. He was 79 years old.[25] He was buried in Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery in Los Angeles. Matthau's wife Carol Marcus died in 2003, and her body was interred in the same grave as her husband.

Tribute[edit]

Jack Lemmon along with others of Matthau's friends and relations appeared on Larry King Live in an hour of tribute and remembrance; many of those same people appeared on the show one year later, paying tribute to Lemmon himself who died the following year (and whose body was also buried in Westwood Village Memorial Park).

Awards and nominations[edit]

Tony Award[edit]

Year Nominee/work Award Result
1959 Once More, with Feeling! Best Featured Actor in a Play Nominated
1962 A Shot in the Dark Won
1965 The Odd Couple Best Actor in a Play Won

Academy Award[edit]

Year Nominee/work Award Result
1966 The Fortune Cookie Best Supporting Actor Won
1971 Kotch Best Actor Nominated
1975 The Sunshine Boys Nominated

Golden Globe Award[edit]

Year Nominee/work Award Result
1966 The Fortune Cookie Best Actor in a Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy Nominated
1968 The Odd Couple Nominated
1971 Kotch Nominated
1972 Pete 'n' Tillie Nominated
1974 The Front Page Nominated
1975 The Sunshine Boys Won
1980 Hopscotch Nominated
1981 First Monday in October Nominated

Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award[edit]

Year Nominee/work Award Result
1966 The Fortune Cookie Best Supporting Actor Won
1971 Kotch Best Actor Won

Laurel Awards[edit]

Year Nominee/work Award Result
1966 The Fortune Cookie Top Male Supporting Performance Won

BAFTA Awards[edit]

Year Nominee/work Award Result
1969 The Secret Life of an American Wife Best Film Actor in a Leading Role Nominated
Hello, Dolly! Nominated
1973 Pete 'n' Tillie Won
Charley Varrick
1976 The Sunshine Boys Nominated
The Bad News Bears Nominated

David di Donatello Awards[edit]

Year Nominee/work Award Result
1974 The Front Page Best Foreign Actor Won

Work[edit]

Film[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1955 The Kentuckian Stan Bodine
1955 The Indian Fighter Wes Todd
1956 Bigger Than Life Wally Gibbs
1957 A Face in the Crowd Mel Miller
1957 Slaughter on Tenth Avenue Al Dahlke
1958 King Creole Maxie Fields
1958 Voice in the Mirror Dr. Leon Karnes
1958 Ride a Crooked Trail Judge Kyle
1958 Onionhead Red Wildoe
1960 Gangster Story Jack Martin Also director
1960 Strangers When We Meet Felix Anders
1962 Lonely Are the Brave Sheriff Morey Johnson
1962 Who's Got the Action? Tony Gagouts
1963 Charade Carson Dyle aka Hamilton Bartholomew
1963 Island of Love Tony Dallas
1964 Ensign Pulver Doc
1964 Fail Safe Professor Groeteschele
1964 Goodbye Charlie Sir Leopold Sartori
1965 Mirage Ted Caselle
1966 The Fortune Cookie William H. "Whiplash Willie" Gingrich Co-starred with Jack Lemmon
1967 A Guide for the Married Man Paul Manning
1968 The Odd Couple Oscar Madison Co-starred with Jack Lemmon
1968 The Secret Life of an American Wife The Movie Star
1968 Candy General Smight
1969 Cactus Flower Dr. Julian Winston
1969 Hello, Dolly! Horace Vandergelder
1971 A New Leaf Henry Graham
1971 Plaza Suite Sam Nash /Jesse Kiplinger / Roy Hubley
1971 Kotch Joseph P. Kotcher Directed by Jack Lemmon
1972 Pete 'n' Tillie Pete Seltzer
1973 Charley Varrick Charley Varrick
1973 The Laughing Policeman Detective Sergeant Jake Martin
1974 The Taking of Pelham One Two Three Lieutenant Zachary Garber
1974 Earthquake Drunk Credited as Walter Matuschanskayasky[7]
1974 The Front Page Walter Burns Co-starred with Jack Lemmon
1975 The Lion Roars Again Himself Short subject
1975 The Gentleman Tramp Narrator Documentary
1975 The Sunshine Boys Willy Clark
1976 The Bad News Bears Coach Morris Buttermaker
1978 Casey's Shadow Lloyd Bourdelle
1978 House Calls Dr. Charles "Charley" Nichols
1978 California Suite Marvin Michaels
1980 La polizia ha le mani legate Documentary
1980 Little Miss Marker Sorrowful Jones Also producer
1980 Hopscotch Miles Kendig
1981 First Monday in October Associate Justice Daniel Snow
1981 Buddy Buddy Trabucco Co-starred with Jack Lemmon
1982 Neil Simon's I Ought to Be in Pictures Herbert Tucker
1983 The Survivors Sonny Paluso
1985 Movers & Shakers Joe Mulholland
1986 Pirates Captain Thomas Bartholomew Red
1988 The Couch Trip Donald Becker
1988 The Little Devil Father Maurice
1989 The Hotel Night Franklin
1991 JFK Senator Russell B. Long Co-starred with Jack Lemmon
1992 Beyond 'JFK': The Question of Conspiracy Documentary
1992 Dr. Seuss Video Classics: How the Grinch Stole Christmas! Narrator
1993 Dennis the Menace George Wilson
1993 Grumpy Old Men Max Goldman Co-starred with Jack Lemmon
1994 I.Q. Albert Einstein
1995 The Grass Harp Judge Charlie Cool Co-starred with Jack Lemmon
1995 Grumpier Old Men Max Goldman Co-starred with Jack Lemmon
1996 I'm Not Rappaport Nat Moyer
1997 Out to Sea Charlie Gordon Co-starred with Jack Lemmon
1998 The Odd Couple II Oscar Madison Co-starred with Jack Lemmon
1998 The Life and Times of Hank Greenberg Himself Documentary
2000 Hanging Up Lou Mozell (final film role)

Stage[edit]

Year Stage Role Notes
1948 Anne of the Thousand Days
1950 The Liar
1951 Twilight Walk Sam Dundee
1952 Fancy Meeting You Again Sinclair Heybore
1952 One Bright Day George Lawrence
1952 In Any Language Charlie Hill
1952 The Grey-Eyed People John Hart
1953 The Ladies of the Corridor Paul Osgood
1953 The Burning Glass Tony Lack
1955 Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter? Michael Freeman
1955 Guys and Dolls Nathan Detroit
1958 Once More, with Feeling! Maxwell Archer
1961 Once There Was a Russian Potemkin
1961 A Shot in the Dark Benjamin Beaurevers
1963 My Mother, My Father and Me Herman Halpern
1965 The Odd Couple Oscar Madison

Television[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1954 The Motorola Television Hour Episode: "Atomic Attack"
1954 Justice
1958 Alfred Hitchcock Presents Episode: "The Crooked Road"
1959 Alfred Hitchcock Presents Episode: "Dry Run"
1960–? Naked City
1960 Juno and the Paycock
1960 Once Around the Block Philip Judah The Play of the Week
1961 Alfred Hitchcock Presents Episode: "Cop for a Day"
1961 Route 66 Episode: "Eleven, the Hard Way"
1961 Tallahassee 7000 Cast member
1961–1962 Target: The Corruptors! Martin 'Books' Kramer, Michael Callahan 1x01 The Million Dollar Dump, 1x16 One for the Road
1965 Profiles in Courage Andrew Johnson Episode: "Andrew Johnson"
1972 Awake and Sing! Moe Axelrod
1978 Actor
1978 Saturday Night Live Host Season 4, Episode 7 (2 December 1978)
1978 The Stingiest Man in Town Ebenezer Scrooge Voice role
1989 The Hotel Night Franklin
1990 The Incident Harmon J. Cobb
1991 Mrs. Lambert Remembers Love
1992 Against Her Will: An Incident in Baltimore Harmon J. Cobb
1994 Incident in a Small Town Harmon J. Cobb
1998 The Marriage Fool

References[edit]

  1. ^ Matthau, Walter - Oxford Dictionaries
  2. ^ Edelman, Rob; Audrey E. Kupferberg (2002). Matthau: a life. Lanham, Maryland: Taylor Trade Publishing. p. 4. ISBN 0-87833-274-X.
  3. ^ Wright, Stuart J. (2004). An emotional gauntlet: from life in peacetime America to the war in European skies. Terrace Books. p. 179. ISBN 0-299-20520-7.
  4. ^ Stone, Judy (September 8, 1968). "Matthau – A Sex Symbol Or a Jewish Mother?". The New York Times. NYTimes.com. Retrieved 2014-02-03.subscription required
  5. ^ "Walter Matthau profile at". Filmreference.com. Retrieved 2014-02-03.
  6. ^ Gussow, Mel (July 2, 2000). "Walter Matthau, 79, Rumpled Star and Comic Icon, Dies". The New York Times. NYTimes.com. Retrieved 2014-02-03.
  7. ^ a b "Walter Matthau". Snopes.com. October 19, 2005. Retrieved 2014-02-03.
  8. ^ "Famous Alumni". Seward Park High School Alumni Association. Retrieved 2014-02-03.
  9. ^ Cofone, Annie (June 8, 2012). "Strolling Back Into the Golden Age of Yiddish Theater". The Local – East Village. Retrieved 2014-02-03.
  10. ^ "Walter Matthau". The Telegraph. July 3, 2000. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  11. ^ a b Walter Matthau at the Internet Broadway Database
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Walter Matthau on IMDb
  13. ^ a b Obituary, guardian.com; accessed August 20, 2015.
  14. ^ The Fortune Cookie Lemmon & Matthau Behind-the-Scenes Archived 2015-11-21 at the Wayback Machine, Hollywood Legacy
  15. ^ "Matthau & Son Tied To Universal". Variety. April 12, 1978. p. 4. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |1= (help)
  16. ^ a b "Hopscotch (1980) - Articles - TCM.com". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 2020-06-21.
  17. ^ "Hopscotch". catalog.afi.com. Retrieved 2020-06-21.
  18. ^ "Hopscotch (1980) - Articles - TCM.com". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 2020-06-21.
  19. ^ "Hopscotch". catalog.afi.com. Retrieved 2020-06-21.
  20. ^ "First Monday in October (film)", Wikipedia, 2020-06-06, retrieved 2020-06-21
  21. ^ Maslin, Janet (1981-08-21). "'First Monday in October'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-06-21.
  22. ^ Editor (June 10, 1994). National Student Film Institute/L.A: The Sixteenth Annual Los Angeles Student Film Festival. The Directors Guild Theatre. pp. 10–11.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  23. ^ Editor (June 7, 1991). Los Angeles Student Film Institute: 13th Annual Student Film Festival. The Directors Guild Theatre. p. 3.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  24. ^ "Walter Matthau Death Certificate". YouTube. Retrieved 2020-04-20.
  25. ^ "Actor Walter Matthau dies". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 2014-02-03.

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