Walter Nixon

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Walter Nixon
Walternixon.jpg
Walter Nixon in the 1990s
Chief Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi
In office
September 24, 1982 – November 3, 1989
Preceded byDan Monroe Russell Jr.
Succeeded byWilliam Henry Barbour Jr.
Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi
In office
June 7, 1968 – November 3, 1989
Appointed byLyndon B. Johnson
Preceded bySeat established by 80 Stat. 75
Succeeded byCharles W. Pickering
Personal details
Born
Walter Louis Nixon Jr.

(1928-12-16) December 16, 1928 (age 90)[1]
Biloxi, Mississippi
EducationTulane University Law School (J.D.)

Walter Louis Nixon Jr. (born December 16, 1928) is a former United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi who in 1989 was impeached by the House of Representatives and removed from office by the Senate.[2] Because Nixon's impeachment was for perjury, the case was cited as a precedent in the impeachment trial of President Bill Clinton.[3][not in citation given][4]

Education and career[edit]

Born in 1928, in Biloxi, Mississippi, Nixon received a Juris Doctor in 1951 from Tulane University Law School. He entered private practice in Biloxi from 1952 to 1968, interrupted by service in the United States Air Force from 1953 to 1955.[2]

Federal judicial service[edit]

Nixon was nominated by President Lyndon B. Johnson on May 29, 1968, to the United States District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi, to a new seat authorized by 80 Stat. 75. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on June 6, 1968, and received his commission on June 7, 1968. He served as Chief Judge from 1982 to 1989. His service terminated on November 3, 1989, due to his impeachment and conviction.[2]

Impeachment[edit]

Nixon was convicted in 1986 on perjury charges and sentenced to 5 years in prison. The offense stemmed from his grand jury testimony and statements to federal officers concerning his intervention in the state drug prosecution of Drew Fairchild, the son of Wiley Fairchild, a business partner of Nixon. Although the case was assigned to a state court, Wiley Fairchild had asked Nixon to help out by speaking to the prosecutor. Nixon did so, and the prosecutor, a long-time friend, dropped the case. When Nixon was interviewed by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the United States Department of Justice, he denied any involvement whatsoever. Subsequently, a federal grand jury was empaneled and he again denied his involvement. He was convicted of making false statements to a grand jury.[1]

In 1989, he was impeached by the United States House of Representatives and convicted by the Senate, for committing perjury before a grand jury. Upon his conviction by the Senate, he was removed from office.[5] Nixon appealed his impeachment and removal to the United States Supreme Court. In Nixon v. United States, handed down in 1993, the Court rejected his appeal as a nonjusticiable political question.[6] He returned to private practice in Mississippi from 1993 to 1998. He has practiced law in Lake Charles, Louisiana since 1998.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Judge Walter L. Nixon, Jr., Impeachment Inquiry Transcript of Proceedings, U.S.A. V. Walter L. Nixon, Jr., Criminal Action No. H85-00012(L). Washington, D.C.: United States Government Publishing Office. 1989. p. 1447.
  2. ^ a b c d Walter Louis Nixon Jr. at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  3. ^ Impeachment of President William Jefferson Clinton, evidentiary record.
  4. ^ Jeffrey, Terence P. (1998-10-09). "Nixon's the one--That's Walter not Dick". Human Events. Retrieved 2009-06-15.
  5. ^ Times, Neil A. Lewis and Special To the New York. "Senate Convicts U.S. Judge, Removing Him From Bench".
  6. ^ Nixon v. United States, 506 U.S. 224 (1993).

Sources[edit]

Legal offices
Preceded by
Seat established by 80 Stat. 75
Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi
1968–1989
Succeeded by
Charles W. Pickering
Preceded by
Dan Monroe Russell Jr.
Chief Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi
1982–1989
Succeeded by
William Henry Barbour Jr.