Walter P. Reuther Library

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Walter P. Reuther Library, Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs
Reuther South.jpg
A view of the Walter P. Reuther Library, Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs in Detroit, Michigan.
General information
StatusActive
TypeLibrary
Address5401 Cass Avenue
Town or cityDetroit, Michigan
CountryUS
Coordinates42°21′32″N 83°04′08″W / 42.35885°N 83.06899°W / 42.35885; -83.06899
Completed1975
OwnerWayne State University
Technical details
Floor count4
Design and construction
Architecture firmOdell, Hewlett, and Luckenbach
Website
reuther.wayne.edu

The Walter P. Reuther Library, Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs, located on the campus of Wayne State University in Detroit, Michigan, contains millions of primary source documents related to the labor history of the United States, urban affairs, and the Wayne State University Archives. The building is named for UAW President and Congress of Industrial Organizations President Walter Reuther.[1]

History[edit]

The Walter P. Reuther Library of Labor and Urban Affairs was established at Wayne State University in 1960 to collect and preserve original documents related to the American labor movement.[2] The library is named for early United Auto Workers organizer and president Walter Reuther. For over thirty years, the library's collections grew under the leadership of director Philip P. Mason. In 1975, a dedicated building was constructed for the library, using funds donated by the UAW and a grant from the United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.[3] Architectural firm Odell, Hewlett, and Luckenbach designed the initial construction.[4] In 1991, the library's Leonard Woodcock Wing was completed, which added over 26,000 square feet to the building.[5]

Collections[edit]

Labor records[edit]

The Reuther Library is the home of the largest labor archives in the United States, and contains over 75,000 linear feet of archival holdings, including paper and digital manuscript material, photographic prints and negatives, oral histories, audio recordings, and motion picture recordings.[6] The library serves as the official archival repository for the Air Line Pilots Association (ALPA), American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (AFSCME), the American Federation of Teachers (AFT), Brotherhood of Maintenance of Way Employes division of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters, Graphic Communication Conference of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters, Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), The National Association of Letter Carriers (NALC), The Newspaper Guild, Service Employees International Union (SEIU), United Auto Workers (UAW), and the United Farm Workers (UFW).[7][8] The archives also collects material related to the Coalition of Labor Union Women, the Coalition of Black Trade Unionists, the Workers Defense League and numerous labor-related organizations, especially those active in the Detroit area.[9]

Researchers can access personal papers from labor activists and union leaders at the Reuther Library, including collections from Cesar Chavez, Jerry Wurf, Walter P. Reuther, Leonard Woodcock, James and Grace Lee Boggs, Utah Phillips, Dolores Huerta, Jessie and Martin Glaberman, Raya Dunayevskaya and many others.

Oral Histories document the work of union leaders and rank-and-file members. Notable oral history collections include "Rosie the Riveter Revisited: Women and the WWII Work Experience," and "Blacks in the Labor Movement." [10]

Many of the library's collections document the lives of working people and were not created by labor unions. Some of these include records related to the civil rights movement, predominantly during the post-World War II time period.[11] Numerous collections also document women in the workplace, both inside labor organizations and in a broader social context. A significant number of the library's oral histories relate to women's experiences at work, and the Reuther Library also serves as the official repository for the archival collections of the Society of Women Engineers.

A view of in Reuther's interior, from the atrium.

Urban affairs[edit]

The Reuther Library collects material illustrating community life in metropolitan Detroit. These documents pertain to ethnic communities, art and cultural organizations, economics, race relations, activist groups, neighborhoods, and real estate development. The library contains the Jewish Community Archives, as well as the records of several community organizations, including those of Focus: HOPE, New Detroit, and the Detroit Commission on Community Relations, and many progressive organizations in the area. The library also houses papers of former Detroit politicians, including city councilman Mel Ravitz and mayors Jerome Cavanagh and Coleman Young.[12] In addition, the archives contain the papers of notable 20th-century architect Minoru Yamasaki.[13]

Wayne State University Archives[edit]

The Reuther Library houses the Wayne State University Archives, which date from the institution's founding as the Detroit Medical College in 1868. Collections relate to university development and initiatives, departmental activities, student life, and university publications such as The South End. University-affiliated organizations, including the Merrill-Palmer Institute, have placed their collections in the University Archives.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About Us". Walter P. Reuther Library. Wayne State University. Retrieved October 17, 2014.
  2. ^ Pflug, Warner W. (1974). A Guide to the Archives of Labor History and Urban Affairs. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-1501-1.
  3. ^ East, Dennis (1975). Walter P. Reuther Library of Labor and Urban Affairs.
  4. ^ East, Dennis (1975). Walter P. Reuther Library of Labor and Urban Affairs.
  5. ^ Lippert, John, "Labor of Love: Reuther Labor Archives to Dedicate Expansion of Wayne State Facility", Detroit Free Press, October, 1991
  6. ^ East, Dennis (1975). Walter P. Reuther Library of Labor and Urban Affairs.
  7. ^ Mason, Philip (October 1982). "The Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs, Walter P. Reuther Library". Labor History. 23 (4): 534–545.
  8. ^ "About Us". Walter P. Reuther Library. Wayne State University. Retrieved October 17, 2014.
  9. ^ Mason, Philip (January 1990). "The Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs, Walter P. Reuther Library". Labor History. 31 (1): 145–154.
  10. ^ "Reuther Library Oral Histories" (PDF). reuther.wayne.edu. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  11. ^ Walter P. Reuther Library: Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs, University Archives. Detroit: Walter P. Reuther Library, 2008. Web. 17 Oct. 2014. <http://reuther.wayne.edu/pdf/Brochure_2008.pdf>.
  12. ^ Walter P. Reuther Library: Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs, University Archives. Detroit: Walter P. Reuther Library, 2008. Web. 17 Oct. 2014. <http://reuther.wayne.edu/pdf/Brochure_2008.pdf>.
  13. ^ "Archives and Information". Wayne State University Yamasaki Legacy. Wayne State University. Retrieved October 17, 2014.
  14. ^ Walter P. Reuther Library: Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs, University Archives. Detroit: Walter P. Reuther Library, 2008. Web. 17 Oct. 2014. <http://reuther.wayne.edu/pdf/Brochure_2008.pdf>.

External links[edit]