Walter C. Pitman III
Walter Clarkson Pitman III (born 21 October 1931 - died 1 October 2019) is an American geophysicist and a professor emeritus at Columbia University. His measurements of magnetic anomalies on the ocean floor supported the Morley–Vine–Matthews hypothesis explaining seafloor spreading. With William Ryan, he developed the Black Sea deluge theory. Among his major awards are the Alexander Agassiz Medal and the Vetlesen Prize.
Pitman was born in 21 October 1931 in Newark, New Jersey. He received a Bachelor of Science in electrical engineering in 1956 from Lehigh University and went to work for Hazeltine Corporation from 1956 to 1960. In 1960, he became a marine technician for Columbia University's Lamont–Doherty Earth Observatory, applying his expertise as an electrical engineer in oceanographic research. The following year he became a graduate student in geophysics. Among his most important work was measurements of magnetic anomalies in the sea floor which supported the Morley–Vine–Matthews hypothesis explaining seafloor spreading.
Black Sea deluge theory
Pitman, along with Columbia colleague Bill Ryan, published evidence in 1997 that a massive flooding event greatly expanded the Black Sea very quickly around 5600 BC. This was published as Noah's Flood: The New Scientific Discoveries about the Event that Changed History in 1998, in which the authors argued that the deluge could be linked to mythical flood events such as Noah's Flood.
In 1984, Pitman was awarded the Society for Sedimentary Geology’s Francis Shepard Medal. In 1996, he was awarded the Maurice Ewing Medal by the American Geophysical Union. In 1998, he received the Alexander Agassiz Medal of the United States National Academy of Sciences "for his fundamental contribution to the plate tectonic revolution through insightful analysis of marine magnetic anomalies and for his studies of the causes and effects of sea-level changes". In 2000, he was awarded the Vetlesen Prize for plate tectonic theory, theoretical geomorphology and tectonics. In 2013, he was elected fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He is also a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union and the Geological Society of America.
- Ryan, William; Walter Pitman (1997). Noah's Flood: The New Scientific Discoveries About The Event That Changed History. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-684-85920-0.
- 26 October 2011. "Department and LDEO honor Walter Pitman on his 80th Birthday!". Columbia University. Department of Earth & Environmental Sciences. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
- "Walter C. Pitman III: Biography". The Vetlesen Prize. Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
- Opdyke, Neil D.; Pitman, Walter (1997). "Pitman receives Ewing Medal". Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union. 78 (11): 119. doi:10.1029/97EO00076.
- "The Truth Behind Noah's Flood, on season 12, episode 7". Scientific American Frontiers. Chedd-Angier Production Company. 2001–2002. PBS. Archived from the original on 2006.
- "Alexander Agassiz Medal". www.nasonline.org. National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
- Krajik, Kevin (25 November 2013). "Two Veteran Oceanographers Named AAAS Fellows | Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory". News & Events. Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
- Sternlof, Kurt (21 January 2000). "Morgan, Pitman and Sykes Win Vetlesen Prize for Earth Science Achievement". News. Columbia University. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
- Engelhardt, H. Tristram; Caplan, Arthur L., eds. (1986). Scientific controversies : case studies in the resolution and closure of disputes in science and technology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 236–237. ISBN 9780521275606.
- Frankel, Henry R. (2012). The Continental Drift Controversy: Volume 4, Evolution into Plate Tectonics. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781107379619.
- Hsü, Kenneth Jinghwa (2014). Challenger at Sea: A Ship That Revolutionized Earth Science. Princeton University Press. pp. 69, 104–106. ISBN 9781400863020.
- Molnar, Peter (2015). Plate Tectonics: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780198728269.
- Oreskes, Naomi; Grand, Homer Le, eds. (2001). Plate tectonics : an insider's history of the modern theory of the earth ; [seventeen original essays by the scientists who made earth history]. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. ISBN 9780813339818.
- Walter Pitman and the Smoking Gun of Plate Tectonics, April 19, 2016, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory video