May 7, 1881|
Obrighoven, German Empire
|Died||March 10, 1947
|Fields||Applied physics, Electrical engineering|
|Institutions||RWTH Aachen University|
|Alma mater||Technische Hochschule Danzig|
|Doctoral students||Rolf Widerøe|
|Known for||Rogowski coil|
Walter Rogowski (May 7, 1881 – March 10, 1947) was a German physicist who bridged the gap between theoretical physics and applied technology in numerous areas of electronics. The Rogowski coil was named after him.
In 1900, Rogowski began his studies at the RWTH Aachen, under Arnold Sommerfeld, who occupied the Chair for Applied Mechanics. He acquired his Vordiplom in 1902 and went on to study at the Danzig Technische Hochschule, where he was also a scientific assistant. He completed his studies at Danzig in 1904, but stayed on until 1908, when he went to be a scientific assistant at the Physikalisch Technische Reichsanstalt in Berlin, specializing in high current technology, telecommunications technology, and electrical physics. After World War I, Rogowski returned to Aachen, in 1920, and became an ordinarius professor for theoretical electro-technology and director of the Institute for Electro-Technology. At that time, the institute was in the mining industry building. Rogowski, with his head assistant Eugen Flegler, began to put together a plan for their own building. The draft submission to the Ministry of Education was made by the university in 1923. However, the plan was not accomplished until 1925, with inauguration of the generous institute building on October 27, 1929. The original plan proposed to house the entire electrical engineering section in the building. However, during the construction phase, it was decided the building would house only Rogowski’s Institute. The main thrust of the institute was to bridge the gap between physics and electro-technology. Work carried out in the institute included general electro-technology, theoretical electro-technology, telecommunications technology, high frequency engineering, electrical discharges in gases, and high voltage technology.
In 1927, the Norwegian Rolf Widerøe received his doctorate of engineering under Rogowski. Widerøe worked primarily on then-new oscillating-field particle accelerators and build the first linear particle accelerator at RWTH Aachen in 1928. It was his 1927 paper in Archiv für Elektrotechnik that Ernest Lawrence read in 1929, which gave him the idea for electrical resonance particle acceleration of protons, resulting in the cyclotron.
- Rogowski – DGPT
- Rogowski – AstA RWTH
- Rogwoski – First Linear Accelerator
- Rogowski – RWTH Aachen
- Rogowski – Aachen Linac
- Image – Rogowski Institute, Aachen
- Rogowski – Aachen, City and University
- Sommerfeld – Teacher of Theoretical Physics
- Wideröe, R. (17 Dec 1928). "Über ein neues Prinzip zur Herstellung hoher Spannungen". Archiv für Elektrotechnik (in German). 21 (4): 387–406. doi:10.1007/BF01656341.
- Herken, Greg (2002). Brotherhood of the Bomb: The Tangled Lives and Loyalties of Robert Oppenheimer, Ernest Lawrence, and Edward Teller. Holt. p. 4. ISBN 0-8050-6588-1.
- Onmeda-Redaktion. "Rolf Wideröe" (in German). onmeda.de. Retrieved March 25, 2012.
- Waloschek, Pedro (June 30, 1994). The Infancy of Particle Accelerators: Life and Work of Rolf Wideröe (PDF). Vieweg Verlag. ISBN 9783528065867.